The national anti-corruption strategy

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а) Description of the situation

The Republic of Serbia has made positive progress in increasing internal controls and the number of submitted and resolved reports. Criminal offences related to corruption are the most dangerous form of crime, and one of the characteristics of these criminal offenses is a high “dark figure”, which means that the actual number of these criminal offenses is much higher than the reported one. In recent years, corruption has been discovered in all areas of social life. In terms of both preventive and repressive plan, police anti-corruption activities at all levels represent a key presumption for creating conditions for efficient and effective criminal proceedings against perpetrators of such offenses. Successful fight against corruption, particularly at the middle and higher level, cannot be fully effective only with punishing perpetrators. The improvement of results of anti-corruption measures taken by the police is significantly affected by a timely risk analysis, and adoption of preventive anti-corruption plans in the fields in which corruption is particularly present. This ensures mutual alignment of police measures (so that, for example, it does not happen that repressive measures contradict preventive measures), as well as a balance of these measures in the anti-corruption system. The Ministry of Interior adopted the Strategy for Development of the Ministry in January 2011, in which one of the objectives is also “building capacities of the criminal police for efficient and effective operation”. In order to build police capacities in the field of anti-corruption activities, it is necessary to establish a separate organizational unit in the Ministry of Interior. In view of anti-corruption activities within the police, the Strategy also envisages development and improving the internal control system through the prevention of unlawful conduct of police officers, a specific investigation of police work, continued cooperation with the media and the public, as well as through the establishment of international standards of professional conduct of police officers. In addition, the Code of Police Ethics was adopted on the basis of the Law on Police from 2006 (“Official Gazette of the RS”, No. 101/05, 63/09 – amended by the decision of the Constitutional Court and 92/11), which obliges all employees of the Ministry to oppose any act of corruption in all organizational units of the Ministry. A lack of capacities in the Sector of Internal Control of the Police and non-compliance with European standards was noticed. The Law on Police needs to be amended in order to strengthen organizational units involved in anti-corruption activities.

b) Objectives

3.5.1. Build police capacities required for investigations of criminal offenses related to corruption.

3.5.2. Strengthen integrity and internal control mechanisms for the purposes of combating corruption in the police.

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