You are to provide thoughtful responses to following questions: (yes, you’ll be graded on the completeness of your responses; your participation in our film discussion is also part of your grade). Write in English!
Altamirano (“His eminence”) - a cardinal and papal legate (Pope’s representative to this region) sent in 1752 to oversee the transfer of this territory from the Spanish to the Portuguese.
Study Questions: Write these on loose-leaf.
1) What is the historical setting of this film? From whose point of view is the film made?
2) What is the role of the Spaniards in this film? The Portuguese? The Church? The Jesuits? The Guaraní? How does this film portray each of these groups of people? Who are the heroes, the villains, the victims? With which group do you sympathize? How accurate do you think the film's portrayal of these groups is?
3) How is life portrayed in the mission? Outside of it? Which is better? Safer? What is the role of the mission? How has the mission changed the lives, actions, dress, and thoughts of the Guaraní? Why don't the Guaraní want to go back to the forest?
4) Does this film portray the Guaraní as having an active role in the development of their history? Do their kings matter and make big decisions?
5) Examine power relations as depicted in this movie. How do the church, state, and indigenous peoples interact?
6) What is the role of music in the life of the Guaraní?
7) Discuss the evangelizing process (bringing native people to Christianity) as seen in the film (this is a big question, be expansive).
8) Discuss the economic activities and overall everyday life on the missions.
9) Discuss some of the reasons the Guaraní go and stay on these missions.
10) How and why do the Jesuits come to be involved in conflicts with the Portuguese?