The Mexican labor environment fluctuates dramatically depending on current issues in labor and political stability

The labor environment in Mexico varies depending on the region of the country. The industrialized north which is home to Mexico’s Maquiladora export -oriented

Download 48.64 Kb.
Size48.64 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5
The labor environment in Mexico varies depending on the region of the country. The industrialized north which is home to Mexico’s Maquiladora export -oriented industries, are traditionally cooperative with business. There are rising tensions due to public health and workplace safety issues. However, thus far the governments and business have been able to prevent major labor organization by firing leaders, union organizers and sometimes more violent methods. U.S. groups such as the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition and Amnesty International have  tried to help unions organize  these workers and  have tried to bring attention to what they consider business' and government's inattention to poor wages and working conditions in this region.
The center of the country near Nuevo Leon, where most industries are concentrated is home to the oldest unions in Mexico  including the CTM. The CTM stopped being part of the government apparatus since the late 80’s  and though it gained a measure of independence with this break, it lost its bargaining power  when dealing with  industries and  lost power over  many affiliate unions.  The large traditional unions connected to the CTM are less violent in their activities and generally look for consensus when negotiating with industry.
The south of Mexico, particularly the region from Geurrero to Chiapas, is the most radical part of the country.  In this part of the country leftist and indigenous movements are very active in their social demands and go to every extent to achieve their goals including blockades of roads, disruptive strikes and sometimes showdowns with security forces.

During the 1980’s, the Mexican government moved many of its state run industries into the private sector. Today, many private sector industries include participation by foreign companies. Private companies in general operate independently of the political system because they are not concerned with re-elections. Conversely, state run enterprises typically face more political backlash from unions for their failure to appease workers and often work to come to an agreement for fear it may affect their interests politically. As a result,  after moving from the state-owned to the private sector, several unions lost the bargaining power they had once held with the state.  Mexican trade unions are legally permitted to organize, collectively bargain and to strike, but strikes are infrequent.   Most negotiations between management and employees occur through union representation without  even the threat or event of a strike. Foreign enterprises are somewhat free to act without many if any repercussions from the labor unions because they do not have political positions to protect.

Mexican Unions are divided into three categories: cooperationist, activist and independent. Cooperationist Unions  such as the CTM and CROC  were originally directly tied to the Revolutionary Institutional Party (PRI). These unions  remain quite strong and are capable of mobilizing large masses of  state employees  and workers from state industries and the petroleum  industry . These unions  have had significantly less power since the presidency of Carlos Salinas de Gortari in the 1980’s. Salinas forced most unions  to operate  more democratically, he also reduced the ties between the unions and the state itself.  The privatization of state industries weakened these unions— as they were forced to bargain with  a number of companies which were less susceptible to Mexican political pressure. Unions  still have the power to mobilize millions of workers in vital industries but in general they choose to engage in  cooperative negotiations with foreign private sector players.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page