71. One of the most egregious documented cases of sexual slavery was the system of rape camps associated with the Japanese Imperial Army during the Second World War. A significant impetus for the creation of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur was the increasing international recognition of the true scope and character of the harms perpetrated against the more than 200,000 women and girls enslaved in so-called .comfort stations throughout Asia. The Special Rapporteur, in an appendix to the final report, included a case study on the continuing legal liability of the Government of Japan for the .comfort women system, which in its totality constitutes crimes against humanity.
72. The atrocities committed against the so-called .comfort women.97 remain largely unremedied. There has been no reparation to the victims: no official compensation, no official acknowledgement of legal liability, and no prosecutions. While the Government of Japan has taken some steps to apologize for its system of military sexual slavery during the Second World War, it has not admitted or accepted legal liability and has failed to pay legal compensation to the victims. Thus, the Government of Japan has not discharged fully its obligations under international law.
77. Legislation has been proposed in Japan calling for the establishment of a fact-finding bureau to investigate Japan.s system of military sexual slavery and other issues, including compensation for war-related injuries and violations.104 Legislation also has been introduced in the Philippines urging the Japanese Diet to accept the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur.s final report “and enact a post-war compensation law that would fulfil the demands of justice for the women victims of sexual slavery or ‘comfort women’”.
78. The Special Rapporteur notes that there have been encouraging efforts to redress abuses that took place in the European theatre during the Second World War. These efforts include trials of Nazi war criminals; agreements to compensate Holocaust victims whose assets were confiscated by the Nazis; and agreements to compensate victims of wartime forced labour. For example, the Government of Germany has agreed to compensate approximately 235 United States’ citizens who were imprisoned in Nazi concentration camps. The Special Rapporteur reiterates that in order to end impunity for gross violations of international law committed during armed conflict, the legal liability of all responsible parties, including Governments, must be acknowledged, and the victims must be provided with full redress, including legal compensation and prosecution of the perpetrators.