The act of the State of Georgia under which the plaintiff in error was prosecuted is consequently void, and the judgment a nullity. . . . The Acts of Georgia are repugnant to the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States.
The Cherokee Nation, then, is a distinct community, occupying its own territory, with boundaries accurately described, in which the laws of Georgia can have no force, and which the citizens of Georgia have no right to enter but with the assent of the Cherokees themselves or in conformity with treaties and with the acts of Congress. The whole intercourse between the United States and this nation is, by our Constitution and laws, vested in the government of the United States.
Jackson’s Reaction:“John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it.”
Jackson urged Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act of 1832.
Congressman David (Davy Crockett) opposed the measure and resigned from Congress
Remove the Five Civilized Tribes* to the West:
Cherokee, Creek, Chocktaw, Chickasaw, Seminole and others
According to Cherokee sources, 4000 died on the march.
The Tariff Issue
The South and the Tariff 1816 and 1824
All sections supported 1816
South unsuccessfully opposed 1824
Tariff of Abominations 1828
West and Northeast combined to pass extremely high tariff
South called it hateful
South Carolina Exposition and Protest 1828
Written by John C. Calhoun
Asserted right to secede
Webster-Hayne Debate 1830:
The Tariff Crisis
The Attitude of the Northeast and West:
“Our Federal Union! It must be preserved!”-Jackson
The Attitude of the South:
“The Union, next to our liberty most dear!”-Calhoun