The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict – A Historical Timeline The history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict has a convenient elasticity; it changes dramatically depending on who is telling it and where they start the story. Therefore, it is important to note that a historic timeline of events concerning this conflict is always difficult to present in an objective manner. For this reason, certain events of the timeline include both a Palestinian and an Israeli perspective.
1880–1914 - The Zionist movement is founded in response to the worsening persecution of European Jews and out of the desire to join the community of modern nation-states that defined Europe. Thousands of Jews begin immigrating to Palestine, which was then part of the Ottoman Empire.
1918- As a result of World War I, Britain wins control over the area of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire. The area becomes known as British-mandate Palestine. [A mandate is an authorization to govern over conquered territory]. From 1918 to 1948, Britain governs over the Jews and Arabs living in this territory.
November 1947 - The General Assembly of the United Nations recommends the partition of British-mandate Palestine into two separate states, one for Jews and one for Arabs. Fighting breaks out soon thereafter, as all the surrounding Arab states reject the partition plan.
1948 - In May, Zionist leaders proclaim the state of Israel. Fighting breaks out between the newly declared state of Israel and its Arab neighbors as British troops are leaving the country.
Jordan establishes control over the West Bank with the tacit agreement of Israel, and Egypt establishes control of the Gaza Strip. Control of Jerusalem is split between Israel in the west and Jordan in the east. On December 11, the UN General Assembly passes Resolution 194, stating that Palestinian refugees who wish to return to their homes should be permitted to do so, and that those who do not wish to return should be compensated by the state of Israel.