Dr Makhir Khalifa-zadeh, PhD and author of articles related to Iran’s nuclear program, as well as U.S. and British policy toward the New Independent States. Dr Khalifa-zadeh has Diplomatic Rank of Counsellor and he held senior positions in Azerbaijani Embassies to the USA and the UK he also occupied the position of Head of Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, covering bilateral relations with the UK and Scandinavian countries.
It is well known that within dozen centuries the South Caucasus had a strategic importance for superpowers which dominated in different historical periods. As a start of superpowers’ struggle and paramount evidence of their attempts to secure interests in this strategic part of the world, we can recall the Roman Army advances under command of General Pompey (66-65 BC) and General Mark Antony (36 BC) to the Caucasus. And in 75 AD, Roman Emperor Domitian has sent the legion of XII Fulminata to support the allied kingdoms of Iberia and Albania (modern Republics of Georgia and Azerbaijan respectively). A rock inscription was found near the shores of the Caspian Sea (Gobustan, 60-70 km from Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan) mentions the presence of centurio of XII Fulminata named Lucius Julius Maximus (1; 2).