The Incorporation of America Study Guide



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Chapter 19 The Incorporation of America Study Guide



MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)



Which one of the following states was least likely to have any industry in 1900?

1)


_______

A)



Oregon.

B)



New York.

C)



Georgia.

D)



Ohio.

E)



Pennsylvania.


2)



By 1900, the United States was ________ in the world in terms of productivity.

2)


_______

A)



third.

B)


first.

C)


tenth.

D)


fourth.

E)


twelfth.


3)



When developers realized that entertainment for the masses could pay, they opened a/an

3)


_______

A)



amusement park.

B)



race track.

C)



baseball stadium.

D)



vaudeville theater.

E)



department store.


4)



In 1882 Congress passed an act which excluded immigration from this country and limited the civil rights of those residing in the United States

4)


_______

A)



Germany.

B)


Japan.

C)


Russia.

D)


Mexico.

E)


China.


5)



While there were many new inventions, the basis of industrial growth in the decades after the Civil War was

5)


_______

A)



the railroad.

B)



mining.

C)



the canal system.

D)



meat-packing.

E)



textile manufacturing.


6)



Severe depressions occurred in

6)


_______

A)



1881 and 1891.

B)



1873 and 1893.

C)



1866 and 1896.

D)



1879 and 1887.

E)



1870 and 1890.


7)



Which of the following men and technological developments does not match?

7)


_______

A)



Alexander Graham Bell – the telephone.

B)



Henry Ford – automobile design.

C)



Wilbur Wright – the airplane.

D)



Alexander Graham Bell – the diving bell.

E)



Thomas Edison – the light bulb.


8)



Educator Booker T. Washington

8)


_______

A)



felt that African Americans did not need an education.

B)



stressed Greek and Latin learning as the key to economic success for African Americans.

C)



worked to get African Americans admitted to the best colleges and universities.

D)



felt that isolation from the white community was crucial to the development of African Americans.

E)



felt that practical vocational instruction was the key to economic success for African Americans.


9)



Vertical integration is to the control of production of a product as horizontal combination is to control of

9)


_______

A)



transportation of raw materials.

B)



the labor force.

C)



the market for a product.

D)



all raw materials.

E)



the boards and financiers.


10)



The economy of the late 19th century was characterized by

10)


______

A)



economic stagnation.

B)



periods of prosperity and decline.

C)



rapid and unbroken industrial expansion.

D)



a long depression.

E)



sustained economic growth.


11)



Very few of the immigrants in the 1880s went to this region of the United States

11)


______

A)



The South.

B)



Pacific Coast.

C)



The Middle West.

D)



The Northwest.

E)



The Southwest.


12)



By 1890 this percentage of children were enrolled in school

12)


______

A)



10 percent.

B)



1 percent.

C)



50 percent.

D)



20 percent.

E)



4 percent.


13)



Which one of the following problems were Americans most successful in dealing with in the late nineteenth-century American city?

13)


______

A)



Garbage disposal.

B)



Providing clean drinking water.

C)



Health care for the poor.

D)



Public health.

E)



Air pollution


14)



Unlike the American Federation of Labor, the Knights of Labor

14)


______

A)



proposed company unions.

B)



welcomed most workers into its ranks.

C)



advocated a one-track economy.

D)



organized only skilled workers.

E)



embraced the American wage system.


15)



What raw material for 1900 production did Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania and Alabama have in common?

15)


______

A)



Coal.

B)


Mercury.

C)


Silver.

D)


Copper.

E)


Iron ore.


16)



Middle-class children in the late 19th Century

16)


______

A)



enjoyed vaudeville and ragtime.

B)



had more leisure to creatively play.

C)



often had to work to maintain the family life-style.

D)



were usually sent off to a summer Chautauqua.

E)



were more regimented than before.


17)



High schools in the late nineteenth century

17)


______

A)



concentrated on middle class college preparation.

B)



concentrated on vocational training.

C)



promoted a classical education including Latin and Greek.

D)



had fewer students than before due to industrial jobs.

E)



promoted manual training.


18)



Horatio Alger is best known as

18)


______

A)



a promoter of the Gospel of Wealth.

B)



a promoter of the Gospel of Work.

C)



an advocate of Social Darwinism.

D)



innovation in labor unions.

E)



the author of rags-to-riches novels.


19)



Which one of the following words or phrases is not correctly matched with the person who either coined or exemplified it?

19)


______

A)



Ragtime/Scott Joplin.

B)



Gilded Age/Mark Twain.

C)



Conspicuous consumption/Thorstein Veblen.

D)



New South/Frederick Law Olmstead.

E)



Baseball/Albert Spalding.


20)



Which one of the following resulted from the other four?

20)


______

A)



The business cycle.

B)



Trusts.

C)



Horizontal combination.

D)



Vertical integration.

E)



Concentrated business economy.


21)



All of the following were considered lower-class pastimes in the Gilded Age except

21)


______

A)



public parks.

B)



vaudeville.

C)



Ragtime music.

D)



bicycling.

E)



baseball.


22)



Industrial production in the New South

22)


______

A)



became less extractive and more urban-based.

B)



returned very few profits to southerners.

C)



moved the south towards a "new slavery."

D)



stimulated the development of a less racist society.

E)



successfully challenged northern industry.


23)



John D. Rockefeller's horizontal combination was so successful that he controlled this percent of the nation's oil refining by 1880

23)


______

A)



80.

B)


60.

C)


90.

D)


50.

E)


70.


24)



Horizontal combinations like the Standard Oil trust

24)


______

A)



served to limit production.

B)



secured control over output and prices.

C)



promoted free market capitalism.

D)



allowed for unlimited competition.

E)



helped to raise workers' wages.


25)



Ironically the Sherman Anti-Trust Act was interpreted by the courts to inhibit growth of this group rather than the industrial giants it was meant to control

25)


______

A)



Railroads.

B)



Research labs.

C)



City political machines.

D)



Trade unions.

E)



Banks.


26)



A family in the new middle class of the nineteenth century would be least likely to have which of the following?

26)


______

A)



A safety bicycle.

B)



A carpet sweeper.

C)



A suburban home.

D)



A library card.

E)



Bedrooms for boarders.


27)



African American workers in the New South

27)


______

A)



were strictly segregated.

B)



made the same wages as their white counterparts.

C)



were attracted to the skilled trades.

D)



benefited as new opportunities opened for unskilled labor.

E)



were guaranteed equal opportunity by law.


28)



Two symbols of middle-class status in the Gilded Age were the

28)


______

A)



telephone and telegraph.

B)



property and a servant.

C)



wine cellar and parlor bar.

D)



bicycle and piano.

E)



sewing machine and typewriter.


29)



Which one of the following would be least likely to espouse the "gospel of wealth?"

29)


______

A)



John D. Rockefeller.

B)



Terence V. Powderley.

C)



William Graham Sumner.

D)



Andrew Carnegie.

E)



Jay Gould.


30)



Recent immigrants from eastern Europe working in Packingtown were most likely to

30)


______

A)



be experienced laborers from European industrial sites.

B)



have the skilled slaughtering jobs in the meatpacking industry.

C)



live in a mixed household and intermarry with other ethnic groups.

D)



do the cleaning after the work was done.

E)



receive the lowest paid jobs in by-product manufacturing.


31)



Which one of the following was not one of the elements that bound the Packingtown community to the national economic network?

31)


______

A)



Chicago meat packer magnates exemplified monopoly capitalism.

B)



Chicago was a gateway city or destination point for raw materials and export or products.

C)



Huge factories had efficient production schedules.

D)



Mountains of ice.

E)



The most successful organized labor groups were there.


32)



The notion of the "survival of the fittest" is identified most closely with

32)


______

A)



Horatio Alger.

B)



William Graham Sumner.

C)



Samuel Gompers.

D)



Charles Darwin.

E)



Andrew Carnegie.


33)



The largest labor organization in the nineteenth century was

33)


______

A)



the American Federation of Labor.

B)



the Knights of Labor.

C)



the National Federation of Labor.

D)



the National Labor Union.

E)



the International Workers of the World.


34)



By 1890 what fraction of Americans were city dwellers?

34)


______

A)



One-fourth.

B)



One-third.

C)



Two-fifths.

D)



One-fifth.

E)



One-half.


35)



More common ground could be found between members of the middle and working class with

35)


______

A)



speakeasies.

B)



Ragtime and baseball.

C)



religious events.

D)



public high school education.

E)



urban park systems.


36)



The Haymarket Square incident of 1886 was blamed on

36)


______

A)



the Populists.

B)



the Democrats.

C)



the Anarchists.

D)



the Granges.

E)



the Communists.


37)



The violence in the Haymarket Square incident was an example of

37)


______

A)



opposition to the new draft laws.

B)



the turmoil in the urban ghettos.

C)



hostilities that broke out in large crowds at sporting events.

D)



hostility to labor union organizing.

E)



racial tensions between African Americans and new European immigrants.


38)



Which of the following has the least connection to conspicuous consumption in the Gilded Age?

38)


______

A)



The YMCA.

B)



The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.

C)



Museums and art galleries.

D)



Diamond Jim Brady.

E)



The cottages of Newport, Rhode Island.


39)



The Chinese Exclusion Act involved all of the following except

39)


______

A)



prohibited Chinese children from attending public schools.

B)



forbade Chinese naturalization.

C)



suspended Chinese immigration.

D)



It did all of these things.

E)



limited the civil rights of resident Chinese.


40)



The largest proportion of persons who filled jobs in industry in the second half of the nineteenth century came from

40)


______

A)



Scandinavia

B)



the American family farm.

C)



Europe and Asia.

D)



the South.

E)



Latin America.


41)



Which one of the following had the least in common with the other four in late nineteenth century America?

41)


______

A)



Specialty shops.

B)



Department stores

C)



Chain stores.

D)



Advertising.

E)



Mail-order houses.


42)



The United Fruit Company was to vertical integration as this company was to horizontal combination

42)


______

A)



Standard Oil.

B)



Sears and Roebuck.

C)



Montgomery Ward.

D)



American Tobacco.

E)



U.S. Steel.


43)



The proponents of a "New South" envisioned the South as

43)


______

A)



a bucolic mix of agriculture and industry moving towards self-sufficiency.

B)



an area of sturdy yeoman farmers.

C)



an area that promoted industrial development and welcomed northern investors.

D)



a vast agrarian area supplying needed cash crops.

E)



the primary supplier of raw materials to northern industry.


44)



Which one of the following lists the CORRECT order of these events?

(1) Sherman Antitrust Act.

(2) U.S. Steel formed.

(3) Standard Oil founded.

(4) Carnegie writes The Gospel of Wealth.
44)

______


A)



2, 4, 3, 1

B)


3, 2, 4, 1

C)


2, 3, 4, 1

D)


1, 2, 3, 4

E)


3, 1, 4, 2


45)



If you were an "aristocrat of labor," you were most likely a member of the

45)


______

A)



Knights of Labor.

B)



AFL.

C)



NLU.

D)



International Garment Workers Union.

E)



Noble and Holy Order.


46)



The new middle class of the Gilded Age was composed

46)


______

A)



almost exclusively of Irish Catholics and German Lutherans.

B)



mainly of "new immigrants."

C)



almost exclusively of white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants.

D)



largely of industrialists.

E)



largely of doctors, lawyers, and teachers.


47)



Which area is not correctly matched with the ethnic group most likely to immigrate there in 1885?

47)


______

A)



Southwest/Mexicans.

B)



Maine/French Canadians.

C)



Florida/Cubans.

D)



California/Chinese.

E)



New York/Italians.


48)



The "Gospel of Wealth"

48)


______

A)



held that "greed is good."

B)



held that God always helps the poor.

C)



held that God provides wealth and individual initiative counts for little.

D)



advocated a strong welfare system.

E)



justified the ruthless behavior of entrepreneurs like Rockefeller.


49)



The new style of spending of the rich was labeled this by sociologist Thorstein Veblen

49)


______

A)



Gospel of wealth.

B)



The Affluent Urge

C)



Conspicuous consumption.

D)



The Gilded Age.

E)



Customs of incorporation.


50)



Which one of the following events did not occur in 1882?

50)


______

A)



Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act.

B)



Passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

C)



Standard Oil Trust is founded.

D)



Nineteenth century immigration to the United States peaks at 1.2 million.

E)



All of these took place in 1882.


51)



In reviewing 1900 patterns of industry, one would find the most coal mining in these states

51)


______

A)



New York, Vermont, and Connecticut.

B)



Illinois, Ohio, Kentucky, Michigan, and Iowa.

C)



Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Nevada.

D)



Alabama, Georgia, South and North Carolina.

E)



Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona.


52)



This financier was popularly known as "The worst man in the world"

52)


______

A)



Jay Gould.

B)



Andrew Carnegie.

C)



James B. Duke.

D)



John Jacob Astor, III

E)



John D. Rockefeller, I.


53)



By 1890, approximately what fraction of the population lived in cities?

53)


______

A)



One-half.

B)



Three-fifths.

C)



One-third.

D)



Three-fourths.

E)



Two-thirds.


54)



The doctrine of scientific management of production is associated with

54)


______

A)



Frederick Winslow Taylor.

B)



Andrew Carnegie.

C)



Jay Gould.

D)



William Graham Sumner.

E)



Cornelius Vanderbilt.


55)



The National Labor Union is founded in 1866 and the Knights of Labor in 1869, but the American Federation of Labor did not begin until

55)


______

A)



1886.

B)


1895.

C)


1876.

D)


1901.

E)


1907.


56)



The Haymarket Square incident in 1886

56)


______

A)



helped create the IWW.

B)



succeeded in obtaining more support for the eight-hour day.

C)



helped fill the ranks of the Knights of Labor and the AFL.

D)



weakened labor unions particularly the Knights of Labor.

E)



weakened the existing wage system.


57)



In the typical company town of the southern Piedmont, workers were

57)


______

A)



more often than not, convict labor.

B)



taken care of from "the cradle to the grave."

C)



given shares in the company.

D)



owned "lock stock and barrel" by the company.

E)




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