The holocaust: 1933-1945 What is Genocide?



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THE HOLOCAUST: 1933-1945

  1. What is Genocide?

    1. ________________________________________________-.

    2. Past and Current Genocides

      1. The Holocaust

      2. Armenians

      3. Soviet Union

      4. Cambodia

      5. Rwanda

      6. Yugoslavia

      7. Dafur

  2. What is the Holocaust?

    1. Holocaust - ________________________________________________.

      1. Other individuals and groups were persecuted and suffered grievously during this period, but only the Jews were marked for complete and utter extinction.

  3. Why Jews? (According to Nazi’s)

    1. Goal = ________________________________________________ (resulting in direct threat to the Aryan idea)

    2. Belief in Social Darwinism

      1. ________________________________________________

    3. Seen as greedy; evil; cowardly; backstabbing

    4. ________________________________________________for German failures post-WWI

    5. Seen as slayers of Christ; witches

    6. Overall anti-Semitism

      1. ________________________________________________

    7. Hitler believed in ________________________________________________resulting in the ________________________________________________

    8. Improving a race by ________________________________________________

      1. Systematic killing of a race or group

      2. Total extermination of Jewish people



  1. Elements Leading to the Holocaust

    1. Totalitarianism combined with Nationalism

    2. History of Anti-Semitism

    3. Defeat in World War I

    4. Hitler’s belief in the Master Race

    5. The Final Solution

      1. Totalitarianism

        1. ________________________________________________

      2. Nationalism

        1. ________________________________________________

      3. Anti-Semitism

        1. ________________________________________________.

      4. Master Race

        1. ________________________________________________.

          1. ________________________________________________Known as the Aryan Race

  2. The Holocaust: A Timeline 1933

    1. Hitler becomes German chancellor

      1. Anti-Semitic news publication “Jews are our misfortune”

    2. SS sets up concentration camps for political prisoners

    3. Enabling Act passed

      1. ________________________________________________

    4. Jews in public office are ordered to “retire”

    5. Establishment of the ________________________________________________

      1. ________________________________________________

  3. The Holocaust: A Timeline 1934-1939

    1. 1934 - Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany

    2. 1935 – Nuremburg Laws

      1. ________________________________________________

    3. 1936 – SS Deathshead Unit put in charge of concentration camps

    4. 1938 – ________________________________________________

      1. ________________________________________________

      2. ________________________________________________

    5. 1939 - Euthanasia program begins; Jews forced to wear ________________________________________________; mass use of ghettos

      1. ________________________________________________

      2. ________________________________________________

  4. Final Solution

    1. Ghettos

    2. Camps

    3. Gas Chambers

    4. Crematories

    5. Transportation

  5. The Holocaust: Ghetto’s

    1. ________________________________________________

    2. Creation of Final Solution (1941) made ghetto’s relatively useless & many were destroyed

    3. Largest ghetto in Poland = ________________________________________________

    4. Over 400,000 Jews in 1.3 square miles

    5. The Holocaust: Camps

      1. ________________________________________________ (extermination camps)

      2. Primarily ________________________________________________

      3. Death factories

        1. ________________________________________________ (II) = largest

        2. Height of operation ________________________________________________

    6. Camp life

      1. Mistreatment of prisoners

        1. ________________________________________________

        2. Work detail

          1. ________________________________________________

      2. Death

        1. ________________________________________________

          1. Zyklon B (Cyanide based pesticide)

      3. Psychological abuse

        1. ________________________________________________

      4. Physical abuse

        1. ________________________________________________

    7. Gas Chambers

      1. ________________________________________________

        1. ________________________________________________

        2. Zyklon B – was used as a poison

        3. Millions of people came to their deaths.

    8. Crematoriums

      1. ________________________________________________.

      2. ________________________________________________.

    9. Transportation

      1. Transporting prisoners

        1. ________________________________________________

          1. Germany constructed a very sophisticated railway system

            1. Reaching into Spain, Italy and Russia

        2. ________________________________________________

      2. Trip was a nightmare

        1. ________________________________________________

        2. ________________________________________________

        3. ________________________________________________

        4. ________________________________________________

  6. The Holocaust: Special Stories

  7. Oscar Schindler

    1. Nazi; womanizer; war profiteer; saved 1,200 Jews from death during Holocaust by putting them to work in factories; reason for only shipment out of Auschwitz (300 women); died penniless; Schindler’s List

      1. List of 1,200 Jewish names Schindler purchased for factory work

  8. Anne Frank

    1. German Jew; moved to Amsterdam; spent 2 years hiding in father’s office building; died of typhus at age 15 at Bergen-Belsen CC; talented writer (Diary of a Young Girl)

      1. Book written by Frank detailing her 2 years in hiding

  9. The Holocaust: Liberation

    1. ________________________________________________

    2. Germans tried to destroy all evidence of camps and began mass evacuation of prisoners to the interior (death marches)

      1. ________________________________________________

    3. ________________________________________________

  10. The Holocaust: War Crimes

    1. ________________________________________________

      1. Allies officially note the mass murder of European Jews

    2. Moscow Declaration (1943)

      1. ________________________________________________

        1. US, GB, R and FR supplied a judge and a prosecution team

        2. ________________________________________________.”

        3. Declared that “________________________________________________” was not a legitimate defense

  11. Nuremberg Trials

    1. ________________________________________________

    2. ________________________________________________

      1. Hermann Goering

        1. ________________________________________________

      2. Albert Speer

        1. ________________________________________________

      3. Rudolf Hess

        1. ________________________________________________

  12. The Holocaust: Aftermath

    1. ________________________________________________

    2. ________________________________________________

    3. ________________________________________________

    4. ________________________________________________

    5. ________________________________________________

    6. ________________________________________________

    7. ________________________________________________

      1. ________________________________________________



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