The hippie (or hippy) subculture was originally a youth movement that arose in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world. The word 'hippie' came from hipster, and was initially used to describe beatniks who had moved into New York City's Greenwich Village and San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district. The origins of the terms hipand hepare uncertain, though by the 1940s both had become part of African American jive slang and meant "sophisticated; currently fashionable; fully up-to-date". The Beats adopted the term hip, and early hippies inherited the language and countercultural values of the Beat Generation. Hippies created their own communities, listened to psychedelic music, embraced the sexual revolution, and some used drugs such as cannabis, LSD, and psilocybin mushrooms to explore altered states of consciousness.
Hippie fashions and values had a major effect on culture, influencing popular music, television, film, literature, and the arts. Since the 1960s, many aspects of hippie culture have been assimilated by mainstream society. The religious and cultural diversity espoused by the hippies has gained widespread acceptance, and Eastern philosophy and spiritual concepts have reached a larger audience. The hippie legacy can be observed in contemporary culture in myriad forms, including health food, music festivals, contemporary sexual mores, and even the cyberspace revolution.
Protest Music of the Hippie Era
Protest Music of the 60s can be attributed to U.S. involvement in the war in Vietnam. Protest music really hit full swing when the number of troops in Vietnam escalated from 1964-67. The biggest highlight of the music of the hippie era was the Woodstock festival in 1969. The 1960s was an was the right time for this kind of “social revolution” because of the heated Civil Rights Movement and the protests on U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. This type of protest music was different from previous protest songs because “hippie” music dealt more with promoting peace through music.The following music artists became very popular during the 60s era due to their influential and catchy lyrics pertaining to the war and civil rights tensions:
~The Byrdswere a popular psychedelic, blues band from London, England. Popular in the early 1960s, they enjoyed great success as they recorded songs that many Americans could relate to as social tensions increased. “Turn! Turn! Turn!,” their 1962 it hit, is a superb example of a protest song that relates to war. This melody suggested that peace will ultimately come through support from the society and we must all work together in order to achieve this goal. ~Bob Dylan (Robert Allen Zimmerman), a New York rock and blues musician, gained great recognition and success in the 1960s. His first major hit record, “Blowin’ in the Wind” (1963) is a rallying call for American society to direct its attention towards the benefits of freedom and make a change in society. This universal song influenced the anti-war movement in leading protests throughout the country. Originally taken from the slave song, “No More Auction Block,” it was widely recorded and listened to, becoming an international sensation in the music industry.
~John Lennon, a popular vocalist from Liverpool, England, is considered to be of the most successfully acclaimed musicians in the history of music. Forming a band, The Beatles, this group incorporated various styles of music and combined them with meaningful, ranging lyrics that captured the public’s attention during the social and cultural revolutionsof the era. The group members consisted of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. Their hit song, “Imagine,” describes a perfect world in which political, social, and economical chaos would cease to exist. Written after the Vietnam War, it directly addressed what society would be like if poverty, hate, and tensions were terminated. In order to evolve into a stable nation, society must reflect upon past actions and criticize their mistakes which caused immense suffering and fear, effecting the good of the nation. Doing this will ensure the evolution of a new and improved, open generation. Woodstock: Woodstock was a three day long festival on a dairy farm in the village of White Lake near Bethel, New York.Woodstock was one of the biggest symbols of a decade of questioning authority and protesting the war in Vietnam. When only 50,000 people were expected, almost a half a million people showed up to express the importance of love, peace, and the opportunity for drugs and sex. That weekend of August 15, 1969, it was raining and muddy, but that didn’t stop the young people from congregating there for “3 Days of Peace and Music”. Many famous musicians performed at Woodstock. Some of these include Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Creedence Clearwater Revival, and The Who. This event also sparked it to be called the “Summer of Peace and Love”. Woodstock sent a message around the world saying that people could come together peacefully and promote peace and enjoy music. Why: The 60’s was a time of rebellion against their elders, “the norm”, and U.S. involvement in the the Vietnam War. As young adults began to speak out against the Vietnam War, the “hippie” movement began to grow as more and more young adults began to question why exactly we were fighting a war we had no business being in. The people that began to speak out against the war did so through music. Musicians gave the common person a voice, and their voice and opinion was then heard throughout the world. Music was a great non-violent outlet for hippies to express their ideas for peace and love throughout the world.
1-Read the text and answer the following questions.
What did the word “hippie” refer to ?
How did “hippie” culture influence on the society ?
Why did the musicians write protest music?
Which music artists does the text mention? Why ?
What is Woodstock? Is it an important symbol of the hippie movement? Why?
Why the 60s was a time of rebellion?
Blowin’ in the Wind - Bob Dylan _________________ roads must a man __________________ before you _______ him a man?
Yes, and how ___________________ must a white dove ___________ before she __________ in the sand?
Yes, and how many ______________ must the cannon balls ________ before they are _______________ banned?
The _______________, my friend, is ___________________ in the wind, the answer is blowin' in the _____________________
How many _____________ can a mountain _____________ before it is ______________ to the sea?
Yes, and how many years can __________________ exist before they're _________________ to be ___________?
Yes, and _____________________ times can a man __________ his head ________________ he just ________________ see?
The answer, ____________________, is _______________________in the wind, the answer is blowin' in the _______________.
How many times must a man __________________ before he can see the ______________?
Yes, and how many ______________ must one man ________ before he can hear people _________?
Yes, and how many _____________ will it ____________________ he knows that ______________ people have ______________?
The ___________________, my friend, is blowin' in the wind, the answer is blowin' in the wind.