The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are listed #2 on the list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were located south of Baghdad, Iraq along the banks of the Euphrates River. They were supposedly built by king Medes for his wife who had come from a green, mountainous land. That is why the kind decided to relieve her depression by recreating her homeland through building an artificial mountain with rooftop gardens. The hanging gardens probably didn't literally hang in the sense of being suspended from ropes. It has also been said that the hanging gardens were built by the great warrior queen Semiramis, but that's only a legend. The main material was mud brick that was waterproofed with lead and also the mechanism that pumped the water (the chain pump) from the river. This method would help the water be distributed throughout the garden from the upper pool into the channels and then into the artificial streams so the gardens could be watered. Later on the screw pump was used. It took 40-43 years for this project to be completed and it was not very easy. The construction was very hard trying to make this oasis in the middle of a Mesopotamian dessert. The mud bricks would eventually dissolve in the water and bringing stone to the Mesopotamian plain was very difficult. As for the plants and trees it was also challenging to keep up with them because the climate wasn't exactly the best. The number of workers isn't known yet but obviously a large number was needed over the 43 year period. This green oasis was destroyed somewhere about the 2nd century B.C by a strong earthquake.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered one of the 7 ancient wonders because of:
1) the many foreign plants that survived in the dry climate
3) the complex system of piping that distributed the water to the top (this was very advanced for the time)
4) the general strangeness of having a garden built on a manmade structure in the middle of a city.
Just the thought of this beautiful garden really amazes you but it is still unknown if this oasis ever existed.I n 1899 a German archaeologist by the name Robert Koldewey supposedly found an ancient ruin and was convinced that he had found this magnificent structure. Modern day archaeologists do not agree with this because the ancient ruin was found too far from the river. This made people wonder and question: ''Did these gardens exist?-Did they disappear with the strong earthquake?'' We will never know the answer but all we have to do is imagine this ancient sanctuary and the happiness this brought to the queen.