The Great War Terms and Concepts



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Franco-Russian Alliance

alliance between Russia and France in 1894 to counter the Triple alliance

Anglo-Russian Entente

alliance between England and Russian signed in 1907; finalized the addition of England to the Franco-Russian alliance; finalized the Triple Entente

Worker’s unions and worker’s parties

created to give more power to workers for wages and working conditions, they . They ranged from trade unions to socialist parties to communism and anarchism


Vladimir Lenin

Russian head of the international Communist party (Bolsheviks), who led the successful revolution in Russia in 1917

Spread of industry in Europe

changed the population, with more people living in cities, with larger countries needing colonies for selling its industrial goods, and creating tariffs to prevent other countries from selling goods to home and colonies

Young Turks”

Term given to the group of younger Turkish officers, like Enver Pasha, helped change the government in Turkey

Balkan Wars

Wars fought in 1912 and 1913, in which Turkey lost most of its territory west of the Bosporus. This caused further tensions and encouraged Turkey to seek allies in Europe

Triple Entente

Britain, Russian and France; Later joined by Romania, Greece and the United States; also called the Allies




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