The Great Depression Study Guide Multiple Choice

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The Great Depression Study Guide

Multiple Choice

  1. Which amendment repealed prohibition in 1933?

Amendment 9

Amendment 12

Amendment 18

Amendment 21

  1. Which amendment banned the sale, manufacture, or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States?

Amendment 18

Amendment 26

Amendment 19

Amendment 10

  1. Who campaigned on a recovery program known as the New Deal?

Franklin Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover

Woodrow Wilson

Theodore Roosevelt

A. Penny auction

B. Speculation

C. Unemployment

D. Dust Bowl

E. Hawley-Smoot Tariff

  1. A Farming communities would use this to purchase property back from the bank and

give it back to the original owner.

  1. B The practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of getting a huge return.

  2. C The Great Crash led to millions of people suffering from this in the U.S.

  3. E The highest import tax in the history of the United States passed in 1930.

  4. D Used to describe the central and southern Great Plains in the 1930s due to its dry

conditions, forcing farmers to move to California in search of work.
Short Answer

  1. Group of World War I veterans who wanted their bonus pensions early promised to them in 1945. They were driven out of Washington DC. under President Hoover's orders to send in troops to destroy their shacks

Bonus Army

  1. Shanty towns that were built during the Great Depression.


  1. What was the general attitude of Americans in the 1920s in regards to business and the economy?

The economy would continue to prosper

  1. Why did thousands of American banks close after the stock market crashed?

They could not pay deposits back to everyone

  1. How were European economies affected during the Depression?

They were unable to trade with the United States due to high tariffs, and international trading took a big hit

  1. The collapse of the American stock market on October 29, 1929.

Great Crash

  1. The practice of paying a fraction of the stock price and borrowing the rest.

Buying on Margin

  1. Periods in which a nation’s economy grows and then contracts.

Business Cycle

  1. President Hoover’s strategy for ending the Depression involved voluntary controls in the business center.

Voluntary cooperation

  1. What effect did the Depression have on farmers?

Very negative effect…many farmers lost their farms to foreclosures


Compare and contrast President Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt. Be sure to include each man’s viewpoint of how to get America out of the Depression and how successful it was or was not. Provide specific examples from class.

Herbert Hoover

Franklin Roosevelt

Believed that federal government should not try to fix people’s problems.

Argued that federal aid and government policies to help the poor would alter the foundation of our national life.

He argued for voluntary aid to help the poor and argued against giving the national government more power.

Hoover gave very few campaign speeches and was jeered by crowds.

Believed that government had a responsibility to help people in need.

Called for a reappraisal of values and more controls on big business.

Helped many Americans reassess the importance of “making it on their own” without any help.

Much of his support came from urban workers, coal miners, and immigrants in need of federal relief.

Roosevelt won 57 percent of the popular vote and almost 89 percent of the electoral vote.

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