Choregus. The leader or director of a Greek chorus.
Oboloi and drachmae. Greek coins.
The Kalends that are Greek. Ad kalendas graecas was a Latin saying meaning ‘never’ or ‘at some unspecified future date’; kalends (or calends), a term for the beginning of each month occurred in the Roman but not in the Greek calendar.
In the period Socratic.In the time of the philosopher Socrates (c.469 BC–399 BC).
Every dining-room was Attic. A play on the two meanings of ‘Attic’, the architectural feature, and the adjectival form of ‘Attica’, the region of Greece in which Athens is located.
Recherché.Of high quality; something worth seeking out.
ἀριστον. Pronounced arriston. Literally, ‘the best’ – the best meal of the day; at various periods applied by the Greeks to breakfast or to lunch.
τρεπεσθαι προς τον ποτοv. Pronounced trepesthai pross ton potton; ‘they turned to drinking’. A quotation from Plato’s Symposium (176a) in which there is a remarkable amount of steady and conscientious drinking.
They mixed their wine with water.The ancient Greeks held that drinking undiluted wine was barbaric.
Which would shock that worthy gentleman, the Licenser of Plays. In Gilbert’s day all plays staged in English theatres had to be licensed by the Lord Chamberlain, an official of the Royal Household.