The ‘Glorious Revolution’ in England. James II flees to France. William and Mary take over English throne 1756


Battle of Quebec effectively ends French rule in Canada1763



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HistoryReview17 4 Anglo French relations

1759 Battle of Quebec effectively ends French rule in
Canada
1763 Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years War. France loses most North American, Caribbean and Indian territories. Both England and France are near bankruptcy
1761 Fall of Pondicherry effectively ends French rule in India
1793 War between Britain and Revolutionary
France
1815 Napoleons final defeat by Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo
1806 Napoleon declares a blockade of trade with Britain throughout his Continental Empire
1786
Anglo-French commercial treaty liberalising trade
1805 Battle of Trafalgar ends French and Spanish challenge to Britain’s control of the oceans
1700
1750
1800
1850
1600
1650
1517 Start of the
Reformation
1629–30 English support of rebellious French Huguenots in western France
timeline
Anglo-French relations is the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Agincourt and the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo. We take a long-term look at the closely intertwined histories of Britain and France
1348 Black Death reaches Europe
1415 Battle of
Agincourt. English king Henry V defeats much larger French army
Religious strife
Both realms underwent internal religious strife in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. England occasionally supported the French Protestants known as Huguenots. Meanwhile, the Bourbons, who had replaced the Valois, often supported English Catholics in Elizabeth I’s Protestant England. Nevertheless, the first four Stuart monarchs who reigned after Elizabeth James I, Charles I, Charles II and James II) sought to consolidate their Catholic commitments by marrying Catholic princesses from the continent and making peace with France.
The Glorious Revolution in England in 1688 saw the ousting of James II, who fled to France. War between France and the Grande Alliance, which included the England of William and Mary of Orange, immediately broke out. For the next half-century, France supported Jacobites (English Catholics) in the hopes of restoring James II and his descendants to the throne.

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