The Gilded Age & The Progressive Era American History II- 11th Grade

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Political Cartoons

Discussion Questions:

1. To what extent do the cartoons indicate the artists’ concerns for workers?

2. How effective was it for the artists to depict Standard Oil as an octopus? Title the 2nd cartoon “The Protectors of Our Industries?” Depict the monopolists in the Senate as money bags? Compare the monopolists of the Gilded Age to those of the French Revolution?

Guided Readings: The Gospel of Wealth

Reading 1

Thus is the problem of Rich and Poor to be solved. The laws of accumulation will be left free; the laws of distribution free. Individualism will continue, but the millionaire will be but a trustee for the poor; entrusted for a season with a great part of the increased wealth of the community, but administering it for the community far better than it could or would have done itself.

—Andrew Carnegie

Reading 2

The rights and interests of the laboring man will be protected and cared for, not by the labor agitators, but by the Christian men to whom God in His infinite wisdom, has given control of the property interests of the country.

—George F. Baer

Reading 3

Here, then, is the issue. The gospel of Christ says that progress comes from every individual merging his individuality in sympathy with his neighbors. On the other side, the conviction of the nineteenth century is that progress takes place by virtue of every individual’s striving for himself with all his might and trampling his neighbor under foot whenever he gets a chance to do so. This may accurately be called the Gospel of Greed.

—Charles S. Peirce

Reading 4

God gave me my money.

—John D. Rockefeller

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