The french revolution



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NAME _______________________________
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY UNIT 7:

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

1789-1800

Chapter 20

Time: 2 Weeks
Test Date: _____________
Free Response Questions

1. Britain and France were engaged in a geopolitical and economic rivalry during the eighteenth century. Identify the factors that contributed to this rivalry, and assess the results for both countries over the period 1689 to 1789.

2. Identify the grievances of the groups that made up the Third Estate in France on the eve of the French Revolution, and analyze the extent to which ONE of these groups was able to address its grievances in the period 1789 to 1799.

3. Analyze how the political and economic problems of the English and French monarchies led to the English Civil War and the French Revolution.

4. Analyze the ways in which women participated in and influenced the French Revolution.

5. Analyze the ways in which the events of the French Revolutionary period led people to challenge the Enlightenment views of society, politics, and human nature.


DISCUSSION QUESTIONS: OUTLINE OR ANSWER

The Revolutionary Wave, 1787-1789

1. FRQ #1

2. FRQ #2

3. FRQ #3



From Monarchy to Republic, 1789-1793

4. How did the National Assembly put Enlightenment principles into practice in the first two years after it came to power?

5. How did the National Assembly deal with the church?

6. Why did revolutionary and anti-monarchical sentiments intensify during the war with Austria and Prussia?



Terror and Resistance

7. What were the causes of the Terror and what were its effects on France?

8. FRQ #4

9. What ended the Terror?



Revolution on the March

10. What role did the French army play in spreading revolutionary ideals, and what were some of its results?

11. How did other countries react to revolution in France?

12. How did Napoleon Bonaparte come to power?

KEY TERMS

Revolution

Nationalism

Republicanism

Seven Years’ War

Louis XVI

Marie Antoinette

Assembly of Notables

First Estate

Second Estate

Third Estate

-bourgeoisie

-peasantry

-sans-culottes

Estates General

lists of grievances, or cahiers de doleances

Versailles

Tennis Court Oath

Women’s March to Versailles

Fall of the Bastille

Great Fear

Feudalism

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

Departments

Flight to Varennes

Legislative Assembly

Jacobins


-Girondins

-Mountain

National Convention

Guillotine


Terror

Robespierre

Committee of Public Safety

Republic of Virtue

La Marseillaise

De-Christianization

Vendee Revolt
Thermidorean Reaction

Directory


Partitions of Poland
Haitian Revolt

Toussaint L’Overture


Napoleon Bonaparte

NAME ______________________________________


AP EUROPEAN HISTORY UNIT 7:

NAPOLEON AND THE REVOLUTIONARY LEGACY 1800-1830

CHAPTER 21

TIME: 2 WEEKS


TEST DATE:_________
Free Response Questions

  1. Compare and contrast Enlightenment and Romantic views of nature, with reference to specific individuals and their works.

  2. Analyze the development of the various forms of European socialism in the 1800s.

  3. Analyze the extent to which conservatives in continental Europe were successful in achieving their goals in the years between 1815 and 1830. Draw your examples from at least two states.

  4. Analyze the ways in which the events of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic period (1789–1815) led people to challenge Enlightenment views of society, politics, and human nature.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS: OUTLINE OR ANSWER

Napoleon’s Authoritarian State

  1. Identify the political, social, and economic policies instituted by Napoleon in France.

  2. Analyze the impact of Napoleon’s policies on the Catholic Church.

  3. Analyze the impact of Napoleon’s policies on women in France.

Europe was at my Feet”: Napoleon’s Conquests

  1. Which factors contributed to Napoleon’s military conquests?

  2. What impact did Napoleon have on the territories he conquered?

  3. How was Napoleon defeated? Could he have avoided his own defeat? If so, how? If not, why not?

The “Restoration” of Europe

  1. Identify and describe the actions carried out by the Congress of Vienna after the defeat of Napoleon.

  2. What was Conservatism?

  3. What spawned religious revivals in post-Napoleonic Europe? How did they influence society?

Forces for Social and Cultural Change

  1. What was the Industrial Revolution?

  2. Describe the ideology known as liberalism.

  3. What influence did nationalism have during this time period? Where?

  4. FRQ #1

  5. FRQ # 2

Political Challenges to the Conservative Order

  1. FRQ # 3

  2. Where did revolts break out from 1815-1830? What caused them?

  3. What was the significance of the British Reform Bill of 1832?

  4. What was the “new paternalism?”

KEY TERMS

Napoleon Bonaparte

Coup d’état

Concordat of 1801 (with Catholic Church)

Arc de Triomphe (Triumph)

Legion of Honor

Joseph Bonaparte

Napoleonic (Civil) Code

Grand Army

Horatio Nelson

Battle of Trafalgar

Jerome Bonaparte

Confederation of the Rhine

Continental System

Peninsular (Spain/Portugal) War

Invasion of Russia

Elba


Hundred Days

Battle of Waterloo

St. Helena
Congress of Vienna (1814-15)

“Concert of Europe”

Klemens von Metternich

Robert Castlereagh

Charles Talleyrand

Louis XVIII

Tsar Alexander I

Frederick William III

Restoration

Holy Alliance

Conservatism

Edmund Burke

John Wesley, Methodists
Industrial Revolution

Factory


Working class (proletariat)

Luddites


Peterloo Massacre

Six Acts


Railroad
Liberalism

Jeremy Bentham

Socialism

Utopian Socialism

Robert Owen

Claude Saint-Simon

Charles Fourier

Nationalism



Burschenschaften

Romanticism

Lord Byron

William Wordsworth

Mary Shelly, Frankenstein

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust

Eugene Delacroix

Beethoven


Spanish Revolt of 1820

Decembrist Revolt of 1825

Greek Revolution of 1830

Latin American Revolts

French Revolution of 1830

Belgian Revolution of 1830



British Reform Bill of 1832


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