The French Revolution Timeline July 1789 Aug 1792 Limited (or Constiturional) Monarchy moderate, liberal stage. 3 yrs Sep 1792 July 1794 The Radical Republic National Convention 1 yr

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The French Revolution Timeline
July 1789 - Aug 1792 Limited (or Constiturional) Monarchy - moderate, liberal stage. - 3 yrs

Sep 1792 - July 1794 The Radical Republic - National Convention - 1 yr, 10 months

Sep 1793 - July 1794 The Reign of Terror (Jacobin rule) - 11 months

Aug 1794 - Nov 1799 Conservative Republic - the Thermidorean Reaction and the Directory. - 5 yrs

Nov 1799 - 1814 (1815) Napoleon
Events preceding but pertinent to the French Revolution

The Enlightenment, led to many European writers criticizing the Monarchy and espousing democratic, liberalist, nationalist and socialist ideas.

1740- The War of Austrian Succession caused the French monarchy to fall heavily into debt.

1756- Start of the Seven Years' War, which compounded the debt problem.

1774- Coronation of Louis XVI at Reims.

1776- Start of the American War of Independence (1776–1783)

1778- France declares war against Canada in support of the American colonies. The subsequent war worsens the debt situation further.

1781- The Segur Ordinance prevents those without a patrilineal century of nobility from entering the army.

1783- Treaty of Paris ends the Canadian War. The success of the American colonists increases the ambitions of those wishing for reform

1785 - The Diamond Necklace Affair results in the discrediting of Marie Antoinette.

  • Financial crisis and Assembly of Notables

1786 Aug 20: Finance minister Calonne informs Louis that the royal finances are insolvent

  • Dec 29: The Assembly of Notables is convoked

1787 Feb 22: First Assembly of Notables, background of state financial instability and resistance by nobility to taxes, fiscal reforms.

  • March: Calonne's publication of his proposals and the intransigence of the Notables leads to a public clash and impasse

  • April 8: Louis dismisses both Calonne and the keeper of the seals, or minister of justice, Miromesnil, in an attempt to break impasse

  • April 13: Louis appoints Lamoignon keeper of the seals

  • April 30: The Archbishop of Toulouse and vocal leader of the higher clergy, Loménie de Brienne is appointed chief minister of state

  • May 25: The first Assembly of Notables is dissolved

  • June: Brienne sends edicts for tax reform legislation to the parlements for registration

  • July 2: Parlement of Paris overwhelmingly rejects the royal legislation

  • Aug 6: Legislation passed at a lit de justice. Parlement declares registration illegal, initiates criminal proceedings against the disgraced Calonne

  • Aug 15: Louis dismisses the Parisian parlement and orders the parlementaires to remove themselves to Troyes

  • Aug 19: Louis orders the closure of all political clubs in Paris

  • Sep: Civil unrest in the Dutch republic leads to its invasion by Prussian army, and increases tensions in Paris.

  • Brienne backs down with his legislative demands, settling for an extension of vingtième tax, and parlementaires are allowed to return to Paris.

  • Nov 19: A royal session of Paris parlements for registration of new loans turns into an informal lit de justice when Louis doesn't allow a vote

  • Nov 20: The vocal opposition of the duc d'Orléans leads to his temporary exile by lettres de cachet,

1788 May 6: Orders for arrest of two Parisian parlementaires, d'Eprémesnil and Goislard, who are most opposed to gov reforms, are issued; parlement declares its solidarity with the two magistrates

  • May 7: d'Eprémesnil and Goislard are imprisoned

  • May 8: Judicial reforms partly abolishing power of parlements to review legislation are forced through parlements by Lamoignon in a lit de justice timed to coincide with military sessions

  • June 7: Day of Tiles in Grenoble - a meeting called to assemble a parliament in defiance of government order put down by soldiers.

  • June: Outcry over the enforced reforms ensues, and courts across France refuse to sit

  • July 5: Brienne begins to consider calling an Estates-General

  • July 20: Meeting of the Estates of Dauphiné, known as the Assembly of Vizille and led by Jean Joseph Mounier, to elect deputies to the Estates-General, adopts measures to increase the influence of the Third Estate.

  • Aug 8: Announcement of recall of Estates General

  • Aug 16: Repayments on government loans stop, and the French government effectively declares bankruptcy

  • Aug 25: Necker appointed Minister of Finance.

  • Sep: Necker releases those arrested for criticising Brienne's ministry, leading to a proliferation of political pamphlets

  • Sep 14: Lamoignon resigns

  • Sep 25: Paris parlement recommends Estates General should be constituted as in 1614.

  • Nov: The relapse of the ban on political clubs leads to the establishment of the "Society of Thirty" in Paris

  • Nov 6: Assembly of Notables meet to discuss the Estates-General

  • Dec 12: second Assembly of Notables dismissed, having refused to consider doubling the representation of the Third Estate

  • Dec 27: Necker announces that the representation of the Third will be doubled, and that nobles and clergymen will be able to stand for the same

1789 Jan: The Abbe Sieyes publishes "What Is the Third Estate?,"

  • Jan 24: The Estates-General is convoked for the first time since 1614

  • April 27 - The Reveillon riots in Paris, caused by low wages and food shortages, led to about 25 deaths by troops.

  • Estates-General and Constituent Assembly

  • May 5: Opening of The Estates-General - voting to be by Estate, not by head

  • May 28: The Third Estate (Tiers Etat) begins to meet on its own, calling themselves "communes" (commons)

  • June 4: Dauphin Louis Joseph, dies of tuberculosis

  • June 10: Third Estate votes for common verification of credentials, in opposition to First Estate (the clergy) and Second Estate (the nobility)

  • June 13: Some priests from the First Estate choose to join the Third Estate

  • June 17: The Third Estate declares itself to be the National Assembly. They urge the other two Orders to join them.

  • June 19: A few nobles and several clergy join the National Assembly.

  • June 20: Third Estate/National Assembly are locked out of meeting houses, makes The Tennis Court Oath.

  • June 22: National Assembly meets in church of St Louis, joined by a majority of clergy

  • June 23: Two companies of French guards mutiny in the face of public unrest.

  • Louis XVI holds a Séance Royale, puts forward his 35-point program aimed at allowing the continuation of the three estates.

  • June 24: 48 nobles, headed by Duke of Orléans, side with the Third Estate. A significant number of the clergy follow their example.

  • June 26: Troops begin to concentrate around Paris.

  • June 27: Louis recognizes the National Assembly, and King orders the First and Second Estates to join the Third.

  • June 30: Large crowd storms left bank prison and frees mutinous French Guards

  • July 1: Louis recruits more troops, among them many foreign mercenaries

  • July 2: Demonstrators gather at Palais-Royal in the center of Paris for a mostly peaceful rally against the increased military presence

  • July 7:National Assembly, now includes clergy, nobles, and commoners, creates thirty-member committee to draft new constitution

July 1789 - Aug 1792 Limited (or Constiturional) Monarchy - moderate, liberal stage.

  • July 9: National Assembly reconstitutes itself as National Constituent Assembly

  • July 11: Necker dismissed by Louis; populace sack the monasteries, ransack aristocrats' homes in search of food and weapons

  • July 12 – 17: Riots in Paris

  • July 12: Camille Desmoulins announces dismissal of Necker to the Paris crowd. The Prince de Lambesc appears at the Tuilleries with an armed guard - a soldier and civilian are killed. 50,000 citizens arm themselves with pikes and form National Guard.

  • July 13: National Guard formed in Paris, of middle class men.

  • July 14: Storming of the Bastille

  • July 15: Lafayette appointed Commander of the National Guard.

  • July 16: Necker recalled, troops pulled out of Paris

  • July 17: The beginning of the Great Fear, the peasantry revolt against feudalism and a number of urban disturbances and revolts.

  • Many members of the aristocracy flee Paris to become émigrés.

  • July 18: Publication of Desmoulins' La France libre favouring a republic and arguing that revolutionary violence was justified.

  • July 27: Louis XVI accepts the tricolor cockade.

  • Aug 4: Night session of the National Assembly. Surrender of feudal rights: The Aug Decrees

  • Aug 26 Assembly adopts The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

  • Sep 11 National Assembly grants suspensive veto to Louis XVI; Louis fails to ratify the Aug acts of the National Assembly.

  • Sep 12: Marat's daily pamphlet "L'Ami du peuple" (The Friend of the People) debuts,

  • Oct 5-6 The “Oct Days” Outbreak of the Paris mob; Liberal monarchical constitution

  • Women's March on Versailles to bring back royal family.

  • Oct 6 Louis XVI agrees to ratify the Aug Decrees, Palace of Versailles stormed. King returns to Paris.

  • Louis and the National Assembly move to Paris.

  • Oct 10: Louis XVI decreed King of the French.

  • Oct 29: Active and Passive citizens distinguished by decree.

  • Nov 2: Church property nationalised and otherwise expropriated

  • Nov: First publication of Desmoulins' weekly Histoire des Révolutions ...

  • Dec: National Assembly distinguishes between 'active' (monied) and 'passive' (property-less) citizens - only active could vote

  • Dec 9: Administrative reorganization of France begins, abolishing old provincial boundaries, establishing admin. departments.

  • Dec 12 Assignats are used as legal tender

  • Dec 14 – 22: Local government reorganized.

  • Dec 16 - National Assembly legislates for departments, etc.

  • Dec 23 – A leaflet circulated in France accuses marquis de Favras of plotting to rescue the royal family.

1790 Jan: Former Provinces of France replaced by new administrative Departments.

  • Jan: Jacobin Clubs expand admission policies and attract more members, building popularity for the party and introducing more citizens to anti-aristocratic sentiment.

  • 28th Jan 1790: Removal of civil disabilities against Jews.

  • Feb 4: King speaks to Assembly.

  • Feb 13 Suppression of monastic vows and religious orders

  • March 5: Feudal Committee reports back to National Assembly, delaying the abolition of feudalism.

  • March 29: Pope Pius condemns the Declaration of the Rights of Man in secret consistory.

  • May National Assembly renounces involvement in wars of conquest.

  • May 19 Nobility abolished by the National Assembly.

  • June 19: All hereditary titles are abolished, eliminating automatic special rights or privileges for people “born into royalty.”

  • July 12 Civil Constitution of Clergy. Demands priests to take oath of loyalty, splits clergy between juring (oath-taking) and non-juring priests.

  • July 14: The first Fete of Federation begins, celebrating the fall of the Bastille.

  • July: Growing power of the clubs (including: Cordeliers, Jacobin Club)

  • July: Reorganization of Paris

  • Aug 16 The parlements are abolished

  • 18th Aug 1790: First counter-revolutionary assembly at Jalès.

  • Sep: First edition of radical newspaper Le Père Duchesne printed by Jacques Hébert.

  • Sep: Fall of Necker

  • Oct: Louis XVI secretly writes to his cousin Charles IV of Spain, exploring a possible foreign coalition to end the Revolution.

  • Nov 27: Public officials and priests are required to sign a loyalty oath to the new French nation.

  • Dec 26: King sanctions clerical oath.

1791 Jan 30: Mirabeau elected President of the Assembly

  • Feb 28: Day of Daggers; Lafayette orders the arrest of 400 armed aristocrats at the Tuileries Palace

  • March 2: Abolition of trade guilds and monopolies.

  • March 10: Pope Pius condemns the Civil Constitution of the Clergy

  • April 2: Death of Mirabeau - first person to be buried in Pantheon, formerly the church of Sainte-Geneviève

  • April 13: Papal bull, Cavitas, condemning Civil Constitution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is published

  • April 18: Louis and Marie-Antoinette prevented from traveling to Saint-Cloud for Easter

  • 15th May 1791: Black citizens of French colonies granted equal rights.

  • June 14: Le Chapelier law banning trade unions is passed by National Assembly

  • June 20–25: Royal family's flight to Varennes

  • June 25: Louis XVI forced to return to Paris

  • July 10: Leopold II issues the Padua Circular calling on the royal houses of Europe to come to his brother-in-law, Louis XVI's aid.

  • July 14: Second anniversary of the fall of the Bastille is celebrated at the Champs de Mars.

  • July 15: National Assembly declares the king to be inviolable and he is reinstated.

  • July 17: Anti-Royalist demonstration at the Champ de Mars; National Guard kills fifty people.

  • July: Remains of Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire reburied in Pantheon.

  • Aug 14: Slave revolts in Saint Domingue (Haiti)

  • Aug 17: Frenchmen abroad summoned to return within one month.

  • Aug 27: Declaration of Pillnitz (Frederick William II and Leopold II)

  • Sep 3: Constituent National Assembly introduces, Constitution of 1791, upholds "Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen".

  • Sep 13–14: Louis XVI accepts the Constitution formally

  • Sep 18: Louis XVI swears to uphold the new constitution; his power is restored.

  • Sep 27: The National Assembly grants all French Jews full citizenship.

  • Sep 30: Dissolution of the National Constituent Assembly

  • Oct 1: Legislative Assembly meets - many young, inexperienced, radical deputies.

  • Nov 9 All emigrés are ordered by the Assembly to return under threat of death. Civil marriage and divorce instituted

  • Nov 11 Louis vetoes the ruling of the Assembly on emigrés.

  • Nov 19: King vetos decree against non-juring priests.

1792 Jan – March: Food riots in Paris

  • Feb 7: Alliance of Austria and Prussia

  • 9th Feb: Property of émigrés forfeited.

  • March 20: Guillotine adopted as official means of execution.

  • April 20: France declares war against Austria and Prussia French army flees at sight of the enemy.

  • April 25: Battle Hymn of the Army of the Rhine composed by Rouget de Lisle. First execution using the guillotine.

  • April 28: France invades Austrian Netherlands (Belgium.

  • June 12: Ministry dismissed by King.

  • June 19: King vetos proposed military camp near Paris.

  • June 20: A large crowd invades Tuileries, demanding the return of the Jacobin ministers.

  • They force Louis to don a liberty cap and toast the health of the people

  • June 28: Lafayette returns to Paris.

  • July 5: Legislative Assembly declares that the fatherland is in danger.

  • July 25: Brunswick Manifesto - warns against harming the royal family.

  • July 29: Robespierre calls for the removal of the king.

  • July 30: Austria and Prussia begin invasion of France.

  • July: The tricolor cockade made compulsory for men. La Marseillaise sung by volunteers from Marseilles on their arrival in Paris.

  • Aug 1: News of the Brunswick Manifesto reaches Paris - interpreted as proof that Louis XVI collaborating with foreign Coalition.

  • Aug 3-10: Parisians petition Legislative Assembly to suspend king's powers, yet the Assembly does nothing.

  • Aug 9: Revolutionary commune took possession of the hôtel de ville.

  • Aug 10–13: Storming of the Tuileries Palace. Swiss Guard massacred.

  • Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody, along with his family.

  • Danton becomes Minister of Justice.

  • Aug 11: National Assembly votes to call election of National Convention by universal male suffrage to replace itself and write new constitution.

  • Assembly authorizes arrest of anyone suspected of being an enemy of the Revolution and bans royalist newspapers.

  • Aug 13: The Royal Family is imprisoned in the Temple.

  • Aug 16: Paris commune presents petition to the Legislative Assembly demanding the establishment of a revolutionary tribunal and summoning of a National Convention.

  • Aug 19: Lafayette flees to Austria. Invasion of France by Coalition troops led by Duke of Brunswick

  • Aug 22: Royalist riots in Brittany, La Vendée and Dauphiné.

  • Aug 23: Langwy falls to Prussians.

Sep 1792 - July 1794 The Radical Republic - National Convention

  • Sep 1 General mobilization, citizens sent to the front.

  • Sep 2 – 6: September Massacres.

  • Sep 2: Danton instigates the massacre of about 1,200 Royalists held in Parisian prisons.

  • Sep 3: Fall of Verdun to Brunswick's troops.

  • Sep 3–7: The Sep Massacres of bishops & priests.

  • Sep 8: Brunswick enters Argonne forest.

  • Sep 19: Dissolution of Legislative Assembly.

  • Sep 20: First meeting of National Convention. Battle of Valmy.

  • Sep 21: Abolition of royalty and proclamation of the First French Republic.

  • Sep 22: First day of the French Revolutionary Calendar (N.B.: calendar introduced in 1793).

  • Sep 29: French army occupies nice.

  • Oct 11: The National Convention appoints a mostly Girondin committee to create the new constitution.

  • Nov 6: Battle of Jemappes. French army advances into Belgium.

  • Nov 19: “Edict of Fraternity” offers aid to “subject peoples.”

  • Dec 3: Louis XVI brought to trial, appears before the National Convention (11 & 23 Dec).

  • Robespierre argues that "Louis must die, so that the country may live".

  • Dec 15: Revolutionary policies are declared law in all territories occupied by French armies.

  • Dec 21: English House of Commons members encourage war against France to protect Louis XVI.

1793 Jan 14 – 17: Convention debates the fate of the King.

  • Jan 21: Citizen Louis Capet guillotined, formerly known as Louis XVI.

  • Feb 1: France declares war on Britain and Holland.

  • Feb 14: Monaco annexed.

  • Feb 24: The Convention decrees military conscription, forcing 300,000 male citizens to become soldiers.

  • 25th Feb 1793: Food riots in Paris.

  • March 11: Outbreak of rebellion against the Revolution in the Vendée. Revolutionary Tribunal established in Paris.

  • March 18: Battle of Neerwinden.

  • March 21: Surveillance committees are created throughout France to identify suspected enemies or traitors to the nation.

  • April 4: General Dumouriez deserts to Austrians.

  • April 13: Marat arraigned before Revolutionary Tribunal.

  • April 6: Committee of Public Safety established.

  • April 24: Marat put on trial for complicity in Sep massacre but is acquitted.

  • May 4: Maximum price of bread imposed.

  • May 27: Uprising of Paris Commune against the Convention

  • May 30: A revolt breaks out in Lyon.

  • June 2: Arrest of Girondist deputies to National Convention by Jacobins. The Commune of Paris becomes the centre of power.

  • June 3: Emigres land sold in small lots.

  • June 10: Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety.

  • June 24: Ratification of new Constitution by National Convention, but not yet proclaimed.

  • Slavery is abolished in France until 1802 (Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte).

  • July 13: Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat by Charlotte Corday.

  • July 17: Corday executed amid popular outrage.

  • July 27: Robespierre elected to Committee of Public Safety.

  • July 26: Hoarding food and supplies is voted a capital crime.

  • July 28: Convention proscribes 21 Girondist deputies as enemies of France.

  • Aug 1: Metric system of measures adopted.

  • Aug 14: Carnot joins the CPS.

  • Aug 23: Levée en masse (conscription) order.

  • Aug 27: Toulon surrenders to Admiral Hood.

  • Sep 4-5: Popular riots in Paris.

Sep 1793 - July 1794 The Reign of Terror (Jacobin rule)

  • Sep 5: Start of Reign of Terror. will claim an estimated 18,500-40,000 lives before its end in July 1794.

  • Sep 9: Establishment of sans-culottes paramilitary forces - revolutionary armies.

  • Sep 17: Law of Suspects passed.

  • Sep 22: A new calendar is introduced, denoting Sep 22, 1792 as being the start of year I.

  • Sep 29: Convention passes the General Maximum, fixing the prices of many goods and services.

  • Oct 9: Lyons retaken.

  • Oct 10: 1793 Constitution put on hold; decree that the government must be "revolutionary until the peace".

  • Oct 14: Marie-Antoinette tried

  • Oct 16: Marie Antoinette guillotined.

  • Oct 21: An anti-clerical law passed, priests and supporters liable to death on sight.

  • Oct 24: Trial of the 21 Girondist deputies by the Revolutionary Tribunal.

  • Oct 31: The 21 Girondist deputies guillotined.

  • Nov 3: Olympe de Gouges, champion of rights for women, guillotined for Girondist sympathies.

  • Nov 6: Duc d’Orleans executed.

  • Nov 8: Madame Roland guillotined as part of purge of Girondists.

  • Nov 10: Celebration of the Goddess of Reason at Cathedral of Notre Dame which was re-dedicated as the Temple of Reason.

  • Dec: First issue of Desmoulins' Le Vieux Cordelier.

  • Dec 4: Law of 14 Frimaire (Law of Revolutionary Government) passed; power centralized on the Committee of Public Safety.

  • Dec 19: English evacuation of Toulon.

  • Dec 23: Anti-Republican forces in the Vendée finally defeated and 6000 prisoners executed.

1794 Feb: Final 'pacification' of the Vendée - mass killings, scorched earth policy.

  • Feb 4: Slavery is abolished in all French colonies.

  • Feb 26-March 3: The Laws of Ventose authorize the seizure and redistribution of property belonging to enemies of Revolution.

  • March 13: Last edition of Jacques Hébert's Le Père Duchesne produced.

  • March 13-24: Arrest, trial and executions of so-called Ultra-revolutionaries.

  • March 19: Hébert and his supporters arrested.

  • March 24: Hébert and leaders of the Cordeliers guillotined.

  • March 28: Death of philosopher and mathematician Marquis de Condorcet in prison.

  • March 30-Apr 5: Danton, Desmoulins and their supporters arrested.

  • April 2: Danton’s trial begins.

  • April 5: Danton and Desmoulins guillotined.

  • May 7: National Convention, led by Robespierre, passes decree to establish a Supreme Being.

  • May 8: Antoine Lavoisier, chemist, guillotined as traitor.

  • May 18: Robespierre decreed the new religion of the Supreme Being.

  • June 8: Festival of the Supreme Being.

  • June 10: Law of 22 Prairial - Revolutionary Tribunal became a court of condemnation without the need for witnesses.

  • Victims will go to the guillotine now in batches of 50 or 60 at a time. An estimated 2,750 are executed of whom the great majority are poor.

  • June 26: French forces defeat Austrians at the Battle of Fleurus.

  • July 25: André Chenier, poet, guillotined for conspiring against the Revolution.

  • July 27-28: Night of 9-10 Thermidor - Robespierre arrested, guillotined without trial, along with other members of the CPS.

  • End of the Reign of Terror. Also called The Thermidorian Reaction.

Aug 1794 - Nov 1799 Conservative Republic - the Thermidorean Reaction and the Directory.

  • Latter half of 1794: The White Terror - reaction against remaining Jacobins.

  • Sep 18: Convention establishes separation of Church and State when it decrees it will no longer pay Church expenses.

  • Nov 11: Closure of Jacobin Club.

  • Dec 24: Wage control and price control laws are repealed.

1795 Jan 1: The Churches re-open for Christian worship.

  • Feb 21: Separation of Church and State officially decreed by Convention, same time freedom of religious worship is restored.

  • March 21: Constitution of 1793, which had been suspended during the period of revolutionary government and never put into effect, is set aside, and committee is formed to draft a new constitution.

  • April: The "White Terror." After decree of April 10 to disarm all "Terrorists," Jacobin prisoners are massacred in Lyon,

  • Murders of former supporters and associates of Robespierre in the Terror are carried out by royalists through June.

  • April 1: Uprising of 12 Germinal. Sans-culottes demand bread and restoration of Constitution of 1793.

  • April 5: France signs a peace treaty with Prussia.

  • May-June 1795: White Terror instituted in the South.

  • May 16: Treaty of the Hague. France signs a peace treaty with the Netherlands.

  • May 20-23: Uprising of Prairial. Rioting throughout Paris.

  • Demonstrators invade the Convention, calling for bread and the enforcement of the Constitution of 1793.

  • May 31: Suppression of the Paris Revolutionary Tribunal.

  • June 8: The Dauphin dies in prison, Comte de Provence assumes title of Louis XVIII.

  • June 13: Napoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the West

  • July 14: Marseillaise accepted as the French National Anthem.

  • July 22: France signs a peace treaty with Spain.

  • Aug 22: Constitution ratified - bicameral system, executive Directory of five.

  • Oct 5: 13 Vendémiaire - Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot" quells Paris insurrection.

  • Oct 26: National Convention dissolved. in favour of a dictatorship of the Directorate.

  • The Directory

  • Nov 2: Executive Directory takes on executive power.

1796 Feb 2: Napoleon assumes command of French army in Italy.

  • Feb 26: Directorate bans popular meetings at the Panetheon.

  • March 9: Marriage of Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine

  • Apr 1796-Oct 1797 Italian victories by Napoleon.

  • May 10: Leaders of Babeuf’s “Conspiracy of Equals” arrested. Battle of Lodi (Napoleon in Italy)

  • June 4: Beginning of the Siege of Mantua

  • Sep 7: 100s of supporters of Babeuf attack palace of the Directorate but are routed.

1797 Jan 14: Napoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli

  • April 18: Preliminary Peace of Leoben

  • May 27: Babeuf and his supporters are convicted but take their own lives.

  • July 8: Cisalpine Republic established

  • Sep 4: Coup d'état of 18 Fructidor revives Republican measures

  • Oct 17: Treaty of Campo Formio

1798 Feb: Roman Republic proclaimed

  • April: Helvetian Republic proclaimed

  • May 11: Law of 22 Floréal Year VI - Council elections annulled, left wing deputies excluded from Council.

  • May 19: Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign with an army of 38,000

  • July 21: Battle of the Pyramids

  • Aug 1: Battle of the Nile - Nelson's victory isolates Napoleon in Egypt.

  • Dec 24: Alliance between Russia and Britain

1799 June 17–19: Battle of the Trebia (Suvorov defeats French)

  • June 18: Coup of 30 Prairial Year VII - removed Directors, left Sieyès as dominant figure in government. Directorate resigns.

  • Aug 24: Napoleon leaves Egypt.

  • Oct 9: Napoleon returns to France

  • Oct 22: Russians withdraw from coalition

Nov 1799 - 1814 (1815) Napoleon

  • Nov 9: The Coup d'Etat of 18 Brumaire: end of the Directory

  • Dec 24: Constitution of the Year VIII - leadership of Napoleon established under the Consulate. French Revolution may be considered ended.

  • Dec 2: 1804: Napoleon consecrated as Emperor.

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