The following items have been registered æthelmearc amaryllis Coleman



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Magnus Haakonssen. Name.

This name conflicts with King Magnús Hákaonarson, who also appears in sources as Magnus Haakonsson and Magnus VI, King of Norway (1263-1280). We traditionally protect the names of kings. Additionally, this particular king left a significant impact. Metron Ariston explains:

[H]e gained the byname of lagab{oe}tir or law-mender from his sweeping reform of the Norse law codes in 1274. These law codes were widely observed for centuries even in lands now considered Scots: for instance, Orkney observed them until nearly the end of the fifteenth century (www.udallaw.com/chronology.htm).

His armory has been registered under the holding name Magnus of the East.

Maria Alegreza Nicoletti. Device. Gules, three dragons passant contourny Or.

Conflict with Rosamonde de l'Oiselet, Gules, three dragons sejant erect Or, each maintaining a harp argent. There is one CD for changing the posture from sejant to passant contourny by RfS X.4.h, which states in part, "Multiple changes to the posture or orientation of the same charges may not be counted separately, so a lion passant bendwise is one clear difference from a lion couchant to sinister." There is no difference for removing the maintained charges.

Padraig Ó Taidg. Badge. Azure, a bordure argent charged with eight lozenges throughout conjoined at the tips azure.

The identifiability of both the bordure and the lozenges in this emblazon is lost due to the high degree of conjoining. The lozenges are both conjoined with each other and the edges of the bordure. Some commenters thought that the emblazon was intended to be a representation of the top of a faceted gemstone. The badge is thus in violation of RfS VIII.3, which states in pertinent part, "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by ...being obscured by other elements of the design."

Patrick McConville. Name.

McConville was documented as a modern Anglicized Irish surname found in MacLysaght (s.n. (Mac) Conville). No evidence was found that this spelling is a plausible period form. Lacking such evidence, it is not registerable. Woulfe (p. 341 s.n. Mac Conmhaoil) dates the Anglicized Irish forms M'Convale, M'Conwaile, and M'Conwell to temp. Elizabeth I-James I. As there are plenty of examples of Anglicized Irish surnames of the form Mc- in the late 16th C, forms such as McConvale, McConwaile, and McConwell are also plausible for this time period. As the submitter allows no changes, we were unable to change the byname to one of these forms in order to register this name.

Rauve Griffon de Lauraët. Device. Per pale vert and argent, an increscent Or.

Conflict with Darius Coligny (registered in August 2003), Plumetty sable and argent, an increscent Or. There is only one CD for changing the field.

Robert Tirel de Wachefel. Device. Sable, a sword inverted argent transfixing a heart inverted Or and on a chief argent three crosses formy gules.

The heart loses its identifiability due to the combination of the inversion of the heart and the obscuration of the heart by the sword. This submission is thus in violation of RfS VIII.3, "Armorial Identifiability".

Symond Harley. Device. Azure, two piles in point inverted bendwise sinister azure fimbriated overall a hare sejant argent.

Previous precedent disallows "overall charges surmounting fimbriated ordinaries (9 March 86, p.12)". This armory uses an overall charge surmounting fimbriated ordinaries, and thus is not registerable.

Tigernan Fox. Device. Per pale sable and vert, in pale a hanging balance and a sword inverted Or.

In this emblazon, the hanging balance and the sword inverted are so close to each other that they are almost conjoined. This emblazon resembled a standing balance so closely that this submission is in visual conflict under RfS X.5 with the badge of Elena Anatolievna Pavlova, (Fieldless) A standing balance Or.

Note that precedent has previously held that a hanging balance resting atop a vertical "stand-shaped" charge can be given no difference from a standing balance without invoking RfS X.5, in cases where the hanging balance was conjoined to the "stand-shaped" charge. The LoAR of January 1998 noted that: "[Gules, a double-bitted axe inverted and balanced on its haft a set of scales Or.] This conflicts with ... (Fieldless) A standing balance Or., with one CD for the field." This precedent was reaffirmed in the LoAR of September 2003 where a hanging balance atop a sword was given no difference from a standing balance.

Tomyris of the Sauromatae. Name.

This name is being returned for multiple problems. These include:

- No photocopies were provided for the submitted documentation.

- No documentation was provided for the construction of the byname of the Sauromatae.

- Tomyris appears to be a unique name - used only for a legendary queen

- The combination of Tomyris with Sauromatae is effectively a claim to be the legendary queen.

- No evidence was found to support contact between medieval or Renaissance Europe and 6th C B.C. Scythian and/or Sauromatae cultures.

- Even though Tomyris was a name in classical literature that could have been known to highly educated scholars in medieval or Renaissance Europe, the negative associations borne by this legend would preclude use of this given name as borrowing in the Renaissance of a classical name without further documentation.

The documentation provided in the LoI for this name was:

Tomyris - from Herodotas, Book I, Section 20 (page 123). According to the submission paperwork, "'Tomyris' was a scythian Queen's name."

Sauromatae - from Herodotas, page 306, Book IV, Section 105 (page 306). According to the submission paperwork, "The Sauromatae were another tribe (other clan?) that shared same customs, language, etc."

The first problem with this submission was that no photocopies of the sources cited for this documentation were provided with the submission. As this source is not listed in Appendix H of the Administrative Handbook, "Name Books That Do Not Require Photocopies to Laurel", photocopies are required for this documentation. Lacking these photocopies, the submitted documentation may not be used to support this submission.

Another problem was the construction for the byname of the Sauromatae. The construction for this byname was of the [tribe name]. Bynames referring to tribe or clan names are formed in different ways in different languages. No documentation was provided and none was found to support of the [tribe name] as a plausible form in whatever language is appropriate for the term Sauromatae. Lacking such evidence, this byname is not registerable. This byname could be considered a Lingua Anglica rendering of a byname formed from a tribe name. However, to appeal to the Lingua Anglica allowance, documentation must be provided to support the byname in the original language. Only then may a Lingua Anglica form be determined.

Metron Ariston points out several more issues with this name:

Several points. First of all, the author who mentions Tomyris is generally referred to as Herodotus, if you are using English conventions. Secondly, Tomyris appears to be a unique character. The only instance that I can recall of the name appearing is in conjunction with the queen of the Massagetae who defeated and slew the Persian king Cyrus. While this story was quite popular in Renaissance art, the bloodthirsty nature of the story and the barbaric associations of the name would militate against its adoption in common use. In any case, it is clear that the submitter is placing the name in the classical Herodotean context and that presents a problem since, while modern authors sometimes associate the Sauromatae with the classical Amazon, they were in antiquity regarded as a Scythian people. That being so, consider what Herodotus says about the Massagetae whom Tomyris ruled: "Now the Massagetai are said to be a great and warlike nation, dwelling eastward, toward the rising of the sun, beyond the river Araxes, and opposite the Issedonians. By many they are regarded as a Scythian race. In their dress and mode of living the Massagetai resemble the Scythians." (www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/tomyris.html). Many ancient authors consider the Sauromatae, the Massagetae and the Scythians to be nearly indistinguishable so this name appears to use a unique given name in a context that associates the bearer with the same cultural background as the character associated with that given name. (That is leaving aside the issue of whether Tomyris is actually a historical character or a borrowing from nomadic legend. . .)

As a result, the only documentation we have for Tomyris is as the name of a legendary queen. Lacking evidence that this name was used by humans and is not unique, this name is not registerable. Further, since "[m]any ancient authors consider the Sauromatae, the Massagetae and the Scythians to be nearly indistinguishable", the combination of Tomyris with a byname based on the Sauromatae tribe is effectively a claim to be this legendary queen.

The most significant, problem was that no documentation was provided and none was found that a 6th C B.C. Scythian or Sauromatae culture had contact with medieval or Renaissance Europe. Names from Pharonic Egypt have previously been ruled unregisterable:

Another, and more basic, question regarding this submission, is whether and how well pharaonic Egyptian names fit into the scope of the SCA. Rules for Submission I.1. notes that "The Society for Creative Anachronism studies pre-Seventeenth Century Western Culture. The period of the Society has been defined to extend until 1600 A.D. Its domain includes Europe and areas that had contact with Europe during this period." (emphasis added) The Introduction in the Preface of the 1995 Organizational Handbook defines the scope of the SCA even more narrowly: "The Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. is a non-profit educational organziation devoted to the study of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Most of its activities take place in the context of a social structure adapted from the forms of the European Middle Ages...." (emphasis added) [...]

On the other hand, the College more or less routinely allows Roman and Greek names to be registered. Is this name significantly different from those? If I may quote Harpy: "The cultures of classical Greece and Rome were accessible to medieval Europeans (at least, cultured and literate ones) from written records - records that were deliberately and consciously preserved. But the language of the hieroglyphs was dead; knowledge of the writing system lost completely. Recall that it was only with the late 18th century discovery of the Rosetta Stone, with its trilingual inscription including Greek, that "modern" people were again able to try to decipher the writings of ancient Egypt. A classical Roman name, or a Biblical Hebrew name would in some way be accessible to a medieval European (highly educated scholar), but an ancient Egyptian name would not be something that he could have any knowledge of or familiarity with. There is simply no connection available." In other words, yes, there is a difference. Ancient Greece and Rome "had contact" with Europe during "the Middle Ages and Renaissance" through their writings; pharaonic Egypt did not. Ancient Egyptian names thus appear to be outside the scope and domain of the SCA, much as Australian flora and fauna or Australian aboriginal names are. (Merit-ankht-Seker of Sakkara, LoAR March 1995, pp. 14-15)

In this case, the name Tomyris and a tribe called the Sauromatae are referenced in writings that were accessable to a highly educated scholar in medieval Europe. Even so, while a child in some cultures could have been given a given name from ancient writings, no evidence was found that a byname referring to an ancient tribe is reasonable in medieval or Renaissance Europe. Lacking such evidence, this byname is not registerable. Additionally, only some classical names were given to children. Names with negative connotations were usually not in this group. As noted by Metron Ariston, while the story of Tomyris "was quite popular in Renaissance art, the bloodthirsty nature of the story and the barbaric associations of the name would militate against its adoption in common use." Lacking evidence that the associations with Tomyris are equivalent with names from classical literature that were given to children in the Renaissance, Tomyris is not registerable as a classical name revived in the Renaissance.

Her armory has been registered under the holding name Elizabeth of Stonemarch.

Yon de la Sèle. Device. Per pale sable and gules, a dragon segreant contourny Or.

Conflict with William Thespos Dragonsclaw, Per bend sinister gules and sable, a dragon segreant to sinister Or.. There is only one CD for changing the field.

LOCHAC

Sebastian of Ventbarré. Badge. Quarterly gules and Or, in sinister canton an eagle's wing terminating in a hand grasping a sword sable.

This submission was originally pended on the July 2003 LoAR.

RfS XI.3.b on marshalling states "Such fields [that are commonly used for marshalling, such as quarterly] may only be used when no single portion of the field may appear to be an independent piece of armory... No section of the field may contain ... more than one charge unless those charges are part of a group over the whole field." The College was asked to determine whether this eagle's wing terminating in a hand grasping a sword, a motif found in German armory, was effectively a single charge (like a Paschal lamb, which is considered a single charge even though the lamb maintains a banner over its shoulder), or whether this motif was to be considered a combination of "more than one charge."

Unfortunately, we did not receive much commentary on this issue. Based on the commentary we have received, and the research we were able to do after the meeting, it appears appropriate to rule that the eagle's wing terminating in a hand is a single charge, and the sword is a second charge. This submission is in thus in violation of RfS XI.3.b.

The combination of the eagle's wing terminating in a hand and the sword is not so common in period that it is clearly considered a single charge (unlike a Paschal lamb). In addition, the eagle's wing terminating with a hand has grasped objects other than a sword in real-world and SCA heraldry. Leonhard's Das Grosse Buch der Wappenkunst illustrates eagle's wings terminating in hands grasping stalks of wheat as well as an eagle's wing terminating in a hand and grasping a sword, both undated and both on p. 204. The SCA has also registered the eagle's wing terminating in a hand and grasping a charge other than a sword in the device of Franz of Ratisbon, Per pale azure and Or, a sinister eagle's wing terminating in a hand maintaining an axe counterchanged. Unfortunately we were not able to address specifically period practices in this discussion, as no period examples of this sort of armory were adduced in commentary (either on the appeal or on the original submission), and we were not able to find any period examples in our limited research time after the heraldry meeting.

MERIDIES

Alessandra da Ferrara. Device. Argent, three chevronels azure and overall a fleur-de-lys gules.

In this emblazon, the three chevronels are crunched together in the center of the shield. We would not expect to find three chevronels so close together in period armory unless the chevronels were forced close together due to the presence of secondary charges (as one might find in the hypothetical armory Argent, three chevronels azure between three fleurs-de-lys gules). In this emblazon, the three chevronels were drawn so close together that this armory could almost be reblazoned as Argent, on a chevron azure two chevronels argent and overall a fleur-de-lys gules. As a general rule, three chevronels will be drawn to fill the field, and are in fact considered interchangeable with the chevronelly field division (see the LoAR of November 2001 for more details about this).

Period armory does admit the possibility of two small diminutives of an ordinary that are close together (rather than filling the shield): a bar gemel (bar "twinned"). The bar gemel is heraldically distinct from two bars: the bar gemel consists of two very thin bars drawn close together, while two bars will fill the space allotted to them. A bar gemel is, in effect, a voided bar. A good period example of this practice can be seen in the Herald's Roll circa 1280 on p. 8 of Bedingfield and Gwynn-Jones' Heraldry: a coat using two bars is found in the center coat of the bottom row, whereas armory using two bars gemel is found on the dexter coat of the top row, and on the sinister coat of the middle row. No evidence has been presented, and none has been found for a "triplet" version of a bar gemel. The "gemel" treatment of other ordinaries, such as chevronels, bendlets or pallets, is vanishingly rare in period. Aside from a few examples of bendlets gemel in the 15th C Italian Stemmario Trivulziano, no evidence has been presented or found for gemel charges other than bars. The idea of a triplet version of a chevronel is thus two steps from period practice ("two weirdnesses") and not registerable. Thus, it is not reasonable to interpret this emblazon as using such a hypothetical "triplet chevronel."

Because this emblazon blurs the distinction between three chevronels and a chevron charged with two chevronels, it may not be registered per RfS VII.7.a, "Identification Requirement".

If this submission is resubmitted with three chevronels in a more standard depiction, there are some conflict issues that will need to be addressed on resubmission. These possible conflicts include, but are not limited to, the City of Florence (important non-SCA armory), Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules, and Rebecca Silver, Chevronelly azure and argent. These (and other conflicts like them) will need to be addressed due to the interchangeability of three chevronels and the chevronelly field mentioned in the November 2001 LoAR.

Garen of Marion Glen. Device. Quarterly argent and Or, a hawk azure belled gules.

Conflict with Reginleif Ragnarsdottir, Or chapé gules, a raven azure. There is one CD for changing the field but no difference between a raven close and a falcon close per the following precedent from the Cover Letter for the January 2002 LoAR. This precedent uses the period term corbie to refer to ravens, crows and similar birds:

When it comes to the question of the difference of a close falcon and a close corbie, it appears that a falcon close could be drawn in period so that it was not distinguishable from a corbie close. See for example v. Falckenstein, f. 193 of Siebmacher, Azure three falcons argent ... as a crest, a falcon rising wings displayed argent. In the Cover Letter of the January 2000 LoAR, Laurel ruled in pertinent part, "In the future I expect that I will be more likely to grant difference between different types of birds when (a) they are (a) different in period, (b) in a period posture, (c) drawn correctly, and (d) there is some visual difference (i.e., there is really no visual difference between a popinjay and a hawk).". It appears that, at least in the case of falcons close versus corbies close, there are cases where there is no visual difference, even though they are in a period posture and in well-drawn works of heraldic art. Therefore, falcons close are not entitled to difference from corbies close.

Tegan of Marion Glen. Device. Or, a dragon segreant gules and a bordure azure.

Conflict with Gareth Deufreuddwyd ap Rhys, Or, a wyvern erect gules within a bordure per bend sinister sable and gules. There is one CD for changing the tincture of the bordure. There is neither type nor posture difference given between a wyvern erect and a dragon segreant.

MIDDLE

Shih Tan Po. Name and device. Sable, a wheel enflamed to chief Or and in chief two natural tigers couchant respectant Or marked sable.

Shih, Tan, and Po were all documented as surnames. Therefore, this name does not contain a given name and, so, violates RfS III.2.a, "Personal Names", which requires that a personal name must "contain a given name and at least one byname".

Additionally, Tan and Po were documented as modern surnames. No documentation was provided and none was found to support these elements in period. Lacking such documentation, they are not registerable.

Heraldic enflaming generally surrounds the enflamed charge with small tongues of flame issuant from the charge's entire perimeter. In this submission, the depiction of the "enflam[ing] to chief" effectively fimbriates the top half of the wheel with flame, rather than issuing small tongues of flame from the top portion of the wheel. Such fimbriation of flame is not registerable: "The flames here act only as a very complex fimbriation, which has been previously disallowed" (LoAR of May 1995, p. 14).

In this submission, only part of the wheel is enflamed, not the entire wheel. Usually, an entire charge must be enflamed, although at times the SCA has allowed a clearly separable portion of a charge to be enflamed (such as enflaming only the blade of a sword). It was the opinion of the College that it is not appropriate to only enflame the top of a wheel. Thus, even if the enflaming were redrawn so that it did not appear to be fimbriation of flame, this submission has a stylistic problem. Without supporting documentation, this motif may not be registered.

NORTHSHIELD

DanR Þúsunðjalasmiðer. Name change from Danyal Barham Ravani.

This name has multiple issues.

The form shows that this name was submitted as Daniel Þúsunðjalasmiðer. No indication was provided at any point that the submitter was at all involved in any change to a given name of DanR. Additionally, the only documentation provided for the given name in the LoI was from Geirr Bassi, which lists Danr, not DanR.

Þúsunðjalasmiðer was submitted as a byname meaning 'thousand kind craftsman'. However, no evidence was provided and none was found to support a byname with this meaning as a plausible Old Norse byname. Lacking such evidence, this name is not registerable.

Additionally, there was significant discussion whether the construction of Þúsunðjalasmiðer is even valid as a word in Old Norse. The College found support for Þúsund as a word in Old Icelandic meaning 'thousand' or, literally, 'a swarm of hundreds', and for smiðr 'smith' (not 'craftsman') as an Old Norse byname. However, no support was found for the element jala.

The byname would be registerable as smiðr. However, such a significant change to the byname is a major change, which the submitter does not allow.

Wang Ao. Name and device. Sable, on a plate the Chinese character osho azure.

This name is being returned for problems with both the given name and the surname.

No documentation was presented and none was found for Ao as a given name in Chinese. Lacking such documentation, it is not registerable.

While Wang was documented as a Chinese surname in period, it also appears on the "List of Alternate Titles" as the Chinese equivalent for Prince. As such, it is reserved for use in the SCA and is not registerable as a byname or surname. While given names, such as Regina, that are documented as being used in period are registerable so long as there is "no suggestion of territorial claim or explicit assertion of rank", the same is not true for bynames that explicitly imply rank, including those listed on the "List of Alternate Titles". Therefore, this name must be returned for violation of RfS VI.1 "Names Claiming Rank".

No documentation was presented showing that this character was a period Chinese character. In addition, Chinese characters often represent entire words or phrases and thus may have intrinsic meaning. No documentation was provided by the submitting Kingdom or the College for the meaning associated with this character. As noted in the LoAR of July 2002, "Because we do not know what the ... writing means, it has the potential to either be nonsensical or offensive."

In addition, this device has a number of conflicts for which there is only one CD for changing the group of tertiary charges under RfS X.4.j. A typical conflict is Cassandra of the East Winds, Sable, on a plate, a flame gules.

OUTLANDS

Ástriðr Ketilsdóttir. Name.

This name conflicts with Estrid Ketilsdottir (registered in April 1997). Estrid is an English form of the Old Norse Ástriðr. Additionally, there is insufficient difference in sound and appearance between these two forms.

Her armory has been registered under the holding name Ástriðr of Dragonsspine.

Briana Bronwen Du Bois. Name.

This name is being returned for a combination of issues.

Briana is a literary feminine given found in Spanish and English in late period (see the Cover Letter for the December 2001 LoAR for details). Bronwen is an SCA-compatible Welsh feminine given name. Regarding Du Bois, the LoI stated:

Du Bois is found in "French Surnames from Paris, 1421, 1423 & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/paris1423surnames.html), with this spelling dated to 1421 and 1423.

In fact, the spelling dated to 1421 and 1423 in that source is du Bois not Du Bois.

Therefore, this name has one weirdness for an element (Bronwen) that is SCA compatible. Additionally, this name (at best) combines Welsh, English, and French in a single name. The LoI did not address whether such a combination complies with RfS III.1, which states in part, "Each name as a whole should be compatible with the culture of a single time and place". At best, such a combination is a weirdness. Alternatively, it is not registerable. Regardless, this name has one weirdness for use of the SCA-compatible element and at least one weirdness for the lingual combination, and is, therefore, not registerable.

As the submitter allowed no major changes, we were unable to drop the element Bronwen and register her name as Briana du Bois.

Her armory has been registered under the holding name Briana of Nahrun Kabirun.

Milo Sohnovich. Device. Per bend sinister sable and gules, three bezants in bend sinister between in bend a crescent horns to sinister base argent and a scimitar bendwise sinister blade to base proper.

The primary bezants are drawn very small, even smaller than one would usually expect from a tertiary charge. We cannot construct a blazon that will reproduce the proportions of these charges. This submission therefore violates RfS VII.7.b, which states in pertinent part "Any element used in Society armory must be describable in standard heraldic terms so that a competent heraldic artist can reproduce the armory solely from the blazon."

This submission cannot be made registerable by simply drawing the bezants larger. If the bezants were drawn larger, they would be so close in size to the other charges that this armory would appear to be a single group of co-primary charges arranged two, one, and two, consisting of three types of charge (crescent, roundel, scimitar). Armory using a single group consisting of more than two types of charge is considered overly complex per RfS VIII.1.a.

Sergius Oppius Scaevola. Name.

The submitter requested authenticity for 1st C A.D. Rome and allowed minor changes. The standard Roman tria nomina (three element name) is constructed as praenomen + nomen + cognomen. Evidence was found for both Sergius and Oppius as nomen and for Scaevola as a cognomen. Therefore, the submitted name has the form nomen + nomen + cognomen. No evidence was found that this a construction is plausible as a Roman name. Lacking such evidence, this name is not registerable.

Thyra ulfsvina. Name.

The submitter requested authenticity for "Norse/Icelandic" and allowed any changes.

The byname ulfsvina 'wolf's friend' was submitted as a constructed byname formed from elements found in Geir T. Zoëga, A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic (http://www.northvegr.org/zoega/). This source is a dictionary, not a name resource. While useful, it must be remembered that not every word in this source was applied to humans or would have been used as descriptive bynames in period. Some adjectives may never have been applied to a living creature. Some may have only applied to gods or mythical beasts in sagas or mythology. Others may have, indeed, been used to describe humans.

Therefore, while the submitted documentation could support the plausibility of ulfsvina as a word in Old Icelandic, it does not necessarily provide evidence that such a word would have been used as a descriptive byname for humans in period.

To determine the plausibility of ulfsvina as a descriptive byname, it must be compared to descriptive bynames known to have been used by humans in period. While the LoI noted that Geirr Bassi lists the descriptive byname barnakarl 'friend to children', no documentation was presented and none was found that a byname constructed as [animal] friend would have been used as a descriptive byname applied to humans in Old Norse. Lacking such evidence, ulfsvina is not registerable.

As the submitter requested authenticity for "Norse/Icelandic", she may wish to know that Thyra is a modern English rendering of the Old Norse feminine given name Þyri. There is some evidence that Thyra may have also appeared in late-period Danish. However, from the information that the College was able to find, the form Thyra is not authentic for the Old Norse period.

TRIMARIS

Southern Wastes, Barony of the. Branch name and device. Argent, a chief rayonny azure.

Submitted as Southern Wastes, Incipient Barony of the, the status of Incipient should be removed from this submission as the College does not track this status.

There were numerous administrative reasons for returning this name and device:

1. Populous Pole. There is little populace to poll at the pole, and Corpora III.C.6 requires 25 subscribing members. http://www.thequarter.org/SouthernWastes/officers.html implies that the group is padding their membership with penguins. For example, it appears that the baron is an emperor and the librarian is a macaroni.

2. Populace Poll. There was no populace poll in support of the name or device, as required by Administrative Handbook section IV.C.5.

3. Paper. No forms, fees, or documentation were provided for this submission, as required by Administrative Handbook section IV.C.1, IV.D, and IV.C.2. We did receive something which might, at one time, have resembled forms; we suggest that the branch use waterproof colors and better refrigeration. The College accepts checks and money orders in US currency; despite the presence of Pelican Queen of Arms on the CoA roster, we do not accept payment in fish.

4. Laurel Wreath. Branch arms are required to use a laurel wreath, per Administrative Handbook section II.D.2. We realize that vegetation is scarce in this branch. A picture of an acceptable laurel wreath may be found at the end of the Glossary of Terms, at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/coagloss.html. Better views of the leaves may be found in the spice rack under "bay."

5. Clock. Per http://www.thequarter.org/issue20/page01.php, The Quarter owes Laurel Clerk and Keeper of the Records one official Quarter clock, and it has yet to be delivered.

Please note that, due to the complete lack of documentation, the College was unable to do any research, so we decline to rule on stylistic or conflict issues concerning the name or device at this time. As stated in the Cover Letter to the September 2003 LoAR in the section entitled "From Laurel: Time is a Precious Resource":

If you are unsure what is required either for documentation for a submission or in summarization in a letter of intent, I direct your attention to the Administrative Handbook (section V.B.2.b), the December 2002 LoAR Cover Letter secion "From Pelican: Inadequate Summarization of Submissions", and the November 2001 LoAR Cover Letter section "From Laurel Clerk: Things Missing from LoIs".

We wish to note that the depiction of the rayonny line on the chief is one of the best that Wreath and her staff have seen during this tenure, as depicted at http://www.thequarter.org/SouthernWastes/heraldry.html. However, we advise that any resubmission draw the chief somewhat deeper. It should also be noted that resubmissions must always address every reason for return.

For more discussion of the Web site http://www.thequarter.org/, please see the cover letter with this LoAR.

WEST

Aelia Apollina. Name change from Aileth Gardiner.

This name is being returned for lack of documentation of the byname Apollina.

Apollos is documented as a masculine given name found in Bardas Xiphias's article "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/early_byz_names.html).

Bardas Xiphias's article "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/introduction.html) includes a section entitled "Structure of Aristocratic Personal Names in the 10th Through 15th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/structures.html). In this section, he states that, "By the turn of the millennium, the inherited family name was the typical surname in the Roman Empire." He explains that when these family names were used in women's names, they took on a "feminized" form. It is in relation to these inherited family names that he explains that a family name ending in -os in a man's name would become -ina in a woman's name.

The submitted byname Apollina was constructed by taking a 6th to 7th C masculine given name and applying to it patterns documented only for 10th to 15th C family name constructions. No evidence was provided and none was found to support such a combination. Therefore, lacking evidence that Apollina is a properly constructed feminine byname in period, it is not registerable.

Additionally, the submitter's form included a request for authenticity for Byzantine language/culture. However, the LoI did not include this information. As a result, the College was not given the opportunity to adequately comment on this submission.

We would remind submission heralds that proper summarization of forms, including changes allowed by the submitter and requests for authenticity, is required as part of the LoI. Improper summarization of a submission is cause for return of that submission. The College of Arms has a limited amount of time and all of us are volunteers. Asking the College to evaluate names based on incomplete or entirely missing data is both unfair to the College and a disservice to the submitter.

The submitter also listed three alternate names on her form. However, as no documentation was presented to the College for any of these, they may not be considered.

Vivienne la Louve. Device. Or, a wolf statant to sinister and a bordure sable.

This device conflicts with Sabah al-Zaman, Or, a wolf sejant ululant contourny and a bordure sable. There is one CD for changing the posture of the wolf. This also conflicts with Michael of Worcester, Or, in pale a fox statant to sinister sable, maintaining in its mouth a squirrel purpure, and a mount sable. There is one CD for changing the mount to a bordure, but no difference between a fox and a wolf, and no difference for removing the maintained squirrel.

West, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Chequey Herald.

No documentation was presented and none was found that a heraldic title in period would have been drawn from field divisions or field treatments, rather than charges. Lacking such evidence, this title is not registerable.

THE FOLLOWING ITEMS HAVE BEEN PENDED UNTIL THE JULY 2004 LAUREL MEETING (OR AS NOTED)

ATENVELDT

Jens Sveinsson. Device. Argent, a merman proper crined sable maintaining in his sinister hand a torch sable enflamed azure and on a bordure engrailed vert three escallops argent.

The merman was blazoned as proper crined sable. A proper merman has light pinkish Caucasian skin, as noted in the Glossary of Terms table of "Conventional 'Proper' Colorings" under "mermaid". However, the merman in this submission is drawn with dark brown skin (and long black hair and a small black Van Dyke beard).

The LoI stated that "Further correspondence with the submitter has determined that he would really prefer the merman not to be a typical 'Caucasian' merman, but rather brown-skinned (like an Islander, East Indian or Native American, population groups that Western Europeans were aware)." The LoI also discussed whether or not a merman proper (with Caucasian skin) had adequate contrast with an argent field. The blazon and discussions on the LoI caused the commenting College to believe that the merman in this submission had light pinkish Caucasian skin, not dark brown skin. This submission has been pended for further research and commentary under the correct tinctures.

The Cover Letter for the December 2002 LoAR discussed humans with dark brown skin found in period heraldry, which is to say, Moors and some Saracens (which do not represent the "Islander, East Indian, or Native American" ethnic groups mentioned in the Letter of Intent). This merman does not have the short curly hair and clean shaven features of the heraldic Moor, so he cannot be blazoned as a Moorish merman. He does not have the headgear (turban, torse, or crown) of the heraldic Saracen, so he cannot be blazoned as a Saracenic merman. This Cover Letter also mentions the fact that the default Saracen proper is Caucasian, and while we do know that there were occasional proper dark-brown-skinned Saracens found in period heraldry, the SCA has not yet decided how to blazon them.

When discussing this pended submission, please address the following issues:

- Is a brown-skinned merman with long black hair and a small black beard registerable?

- If such a merman is registerable, how should it be blazoned?

We are not ruling at this time on the issue of whether a Caucasian merman may be registered on an argent field, as that issue is not applicable to this submission.





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