The Flags of the Confederacy

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This is the first official Flag of the Confederacy from March 1861 until May 1863. It was nicknamed the “Stars and Bars”. It was similar to the United States flag and caused confusion on the battlefield. The seven stars on the flag represent the original Confederate States: South Carolina (December 20, 1860), Mississippi (January 9, 1861), Florida (January 10, 1861), Alabama (January 11, 1861), Georgia (January 19, 1861), Louisiana (January 26, 1861), and Texas (February 1, 1861).

This is the best known Confederate flag, the Battle Flag. Nicknamed "Southern Cross,“ it was carried by Confederate forces. The eleven stars represent the nine Confederate states plus Kentucky and Missouri. These two states did not officially secede, but they did form secessionist governments and sent men to fight for the Confederacy.

This is the second Official Flag of the Confederacy, adopted May 1, 1863. It features the Confederate Battle Flag. Because much of the flag was white, it was mistaken for a flag of surrender when the air was calm and the flag hung limply. It features 13 stars since four more states had seceded: Virginia (April 17, 1861), Arkansas (May 6, 1861), Tennessee (May 7, 1861), and North Carolina (May 21, 1861).

This is the third Official Flag of the Confederacy. On March 4, 1865, a short time before the collapse of the Confederacy, a third pattern was adopted; a broad bar of red was placed on the fly end of the white field.

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