The Faces of the Home Front: Japanese Interment Packet Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 February19, 1942 and authorized the internment of over 110,000 Japanese Americans to last the duration that America would be embroiled in WWII. At the time of the order, the nation already had a large anti-Asian sentiment, which greatly escalated due to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Many citizens, especially along the West Coast, feared another attack was imminent. Many believed that Japanese Americans were still loyal to Japan and would act as spies or commit acts against the U.S. that would help Japan. This idea was further provoked into the minds of Americans due to the government propaganda that depicted the Japanese as less than human, barbaric in nature, and a great threat to the national security of the country. When the order was announced that Japanese Americans, many of whom were American citizens, had to relocate to an interment center, they were forced to leave their schools, jobs, homes, churches, communities, and whatever possessions they could not carry. Japanese American citizens that had been in the military were temporarily ejected and those that wanted to join the military to help fight for America were denied and labeled enemy aliens. After time passed and the government and some citizens stopped viewing the Japanese as a threat, they were allowed to join the military and fight for their country, even though their families remained locked up in internment camps. Over 33,000 Japanese American men and women voluntarily signed up for military service, although they were relegated to segregated units.
Lecture, examine Executive Order 9066 and the government’s justification for Japanese internment, and analyze propaganda employed by the media to support the government’s justification and further stereotypes against the Japanese. Then you will hear from internees their experience of persecution and internment, evaluate their living conditions, and learn about their treatment. The knowledge you attain, combined with the work you do in this packet, will help you to complete the culminating assignment for this unit, which will be an essay on Japanese Internment.
Part One Based on your prior knowledge and the information discussed so far, fill out the What Do I Know Section of your Japanese Internment K-W-L handout sheet. Then take time to think about what you don’t know about the subject or about what you would like to learn more about and complete the What Do I Want to Know Section. Take good notes about the lecture and complete each part of this packet, using the information we cover to complete the What Have I Learned section of the handout. Use the notes you take on each section to help you complete the How Do These Sources Differ section of the handout.
Make sure you take good notes along the way and complete all of the assignments in this packet. They will be of great help to you when it comes time to write your essay.
Issei: a Japanese who immigrated to the U.S. or Canada after 1907 and was not eligible until 1952 for citizenship; any Japanese immigrant to the U.S.