The main issue was the handling of the U.S. economy under Jefferson during the Embargo Act.
Madison will earn 122 Electoral Votes, while Charles Pinckney earns 47, and George Clinton earns 6
Macon’s Bill No. 2:
Congress allows the Non-Intercourse Act to expire in 1810
Congress replaces the Act with Macon’s Bill No. 2
Macon’s Bill promised either France or England that the United States would begin trade with the first nation that stopped abusing American shipping rights.
This will allow Madison the power to continue shipping with France, and cut all commercial ties with England in 1811.
Sentiments for War against England came from land hungry Southerners and Westerners.
These people were called, “War Hawks”.
The leaders of the War Hawks were Henry Clay of KY, and John C. Calhoun of SC.
Clay was so outspoken and charismatic that this fellow Congressmen named him the Speaker of the House at the age of 34.
The War Hawks demand:
That the British abandon their forts in the western frontier
The British end their alliance with the Native American leaders Tenskawatewa “The Prophet” and Tecumseh.
The British must stop impressments of U.S. Sailors
British must end the Orders of Council
The British must allow the United States to have their unlimited fishing rights off the coast of New Foundland
The United States should claim Canada for future expansion
Not all Americans were in favor of a war with England.
Northerners/New Englanders: Opposed the war because they fear that it will create a complete shutdown of trade and prolong the Depression.
Federalists from New England and New York opposed the acquisition of Canada by Southerners, because they believed that it would lead to more agrarian states that would increase the number of votes for the Democrat-Republicans in Congress.
Federalists refer to the war as “Mr. Madison’s War”
Southerners and Westerners support the war because it will lead to the expansion of the U.S. borders.
Tecumseh & Tenskawatewa:
Two Shawnee Brothers, Tecumseh and Tenskawatewa, “The Prophet” believed that the Native Tribes East of the Mississippi must unite to form a United Native American Confederacy.
The two encouraged;
The Natives not sell land to white settlers
Natives should refuse to buy textiles, and make their clothing