The Effects of the Triangular Trade Africa

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The Effects of the Triangular Trade

  1. Africa:

    1. Depopulation:

      1. Males 15-25, who were the creative, productive, inventive & skilled segment of the population, were taken. = Less protection

      2. This was the group most likely to have children

      3. Wars and raiding caused death

      4. Africans started to migrate from their homelands and move from the coast to the interior

      5. Caused cultural damage

    1. Violence:

      1. Wars were started with the introduction of guns and the need to supply slaves to escape slavery themselves

      2. The violence and instability still exists today in Africa

      3. It caused a division between tribes

      4. Violence also caused economic problems, as trade stopped between certain groups.

      5. Africa was weakened by the slave trade; therefore, it was easier for Europeans to colonize it.

    1. Economic Problems:

      1. Businesses did not plan for the future, as the future was uncertain.

      2. Business and trade development were hampered. Sometimes cotton and iron were exchanged, between the Europeans & African Tribes. This hurt local businesses, which provided the same products.

      3. Loss of workers for guns, alcohol and luxury goods, which did not help the continent’s economic development.

    1. Racism:

      1. Africans were thought of as the inferior race and only as commodities, not human beings

      2. The Europeans’ justification was that they were bringing them to a better place

      3. Racism stemming from the slave trade has been passed down through generations and still exists today.

    1. Sierra Leone (1787) & Liberia (1820s):

      1. These 2 African countries formed as settlements for ex-slaves.

      2. The Capital of Sierra Leone is Freetown

II: Europe:

  1. Economically:

    1. They owned plantations in the Americas & mines in Africa, which = huge profit and depended on the slave trade

    2. Ports grew, which boosted the shipping industry (needed ships, crew, nets etc.)

    3. Money from the slave trade contributed to the Industrial Revolution (factories, urbanization etc.)

    4. They received new raw materials (Cotton, tobacco, sugar cane etc..), which were made into finished products.

  1. World Power:

    1. It helped the empires grow and remain world powers

    2. It allowed them to colonize Africa easier.

  1. Culture:

    1. Gained African culture: Ideas, language, religion, views on government, music foods, art technology & creativity

  1. Politically:

    1. New laws created

    2. Abolition Movement

III: The Americas:

  1. Culture:

      1. Gained African culture: Ideas, language, religion, views on government, music foods, art technology & creativity

      2. Famous Black People

  1. Economics:

      1. Provided plantation owners with skilled workers who could endure working in hot temperatures

      2. The slaves brought agriculture & mining skills learned in Africa to the Americas

      3. Created black carpenters, masons, mechanics, mining and inventors

      4. Made money from selling raw material to Europeans in exchange for slaves

  1. Politically:

      1. Cause of the American Civil War

      2. New laws created

      3. Abolition Movement

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