Students will explore the early settlements in the Americas. They will investigate possible explanations for the disappearance of the colonists from Roanoke. Students will examine the differences between the early settlements that stretched along the eastern seaboard.
Overview/ Materials/Historical Background/LOC Resources/Standards/ Procedures/Evaluation/Rubric/Handouts/Extension
Overview Back to Navigation Bar
describe the difficulties faced by the colonists of Jamestown
describe the influence of the Spanish missionaries on the southern colonies
describe royal colonies and how they operated
describe puritans and the early New England Colonies
describe cash crops and life on the southern plantations
Illinois State Learning Standards Back to Navigation Bar
STATE GOAL 16: Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.
16.A. The learner will use a historical source to describe past events and people and explain why they are important.
16.C. Learner will tell about different ways that people earned a living in the past.
16.D. Learner will tell about customs and traditions of people in America and the world.
Procedures Back to Navigation Bar
Have students respond to the statements on the Anticipatory guide. anticipatory guide.doc
Collect this activity to use again at the completion of the unit.
Have students create a note card for the following vocabulary words: armada, pilgrim, compact, and Mayflower Compact.
Have students write a vocabulary word on one side of the card and the definition on the opposite side. Students can use these for review before the unit assessment.
Have students fill out the graphic organizer about the colony of Jamestown and Plymouth Colony. four square #1.doc
Review the vocabulary words with the class. Read the book, Roanoke- The Lost Colony-An Unsolved Mystery from History, to the class. Have a class debate as to what happened to the colonists from this colony.
Display the primary source document showing the signing of the Mayflower Compact to the class as either an overhead or a picture for each group.
Have groups discuss what the graphic is of and then discuss as a class.
Review the graphic organizer from Day 1 as a class. Students can add any important information.
Assign vocabulary words; borderland, presidio, hacienda, mission and missionaries.
Assign graphic organizer for the Spanish Borderland lesson. four square #2.doc
Display the primary source document #2.
Have the class make predictions about the content in groups and share as a class.
Review the graphic organizer from Day 2 to review as a class.
Have students create note cards the vocabulary words; royal colony, portage, proprietary colony and proprietor.
Have students fill out the graphic organizer that looks at the growth of New France. four square #3.doc
Display the primary source graphic #3 and then share as a class.
Review the graphic organizer from Day Four.
Assign the new vocabulary words; charter, cash crop, refuge, indigo and debtor.
Review the day four graphic organizer.
Have the students fill out the graphic organizer that looks at the southern colonies. four square #4.doc
Display the primary source graphic # 4 & #5 and have groups discuss the documents. Share as a class.
Back to Navigation Bar This unit is to examine how the first settlements in the Americas came about. The first settlements on the east coast were very difficult. The first settlers did not know how to prepare for winter. The first settlers that arrive in Roanoke returned to England within a year starving and defeated. A second group of settlers came to Roanoke Island with John White. He returned to England for supplies, but was helped up because of the war. When he returned the colonists were completely gone and left few clues to their whereabouts. Jamestown was a more successful colony. Plymouth Colony was settled in 1620 by pilgrims that were seeking freedom of religion. They also saw a need for order and therefore set up the Mayflower Compact.
In the south Spanish soldiers were building presidios and small wooden houses for settlers to provide safety from pirates and Indian attacks. Ranchers built haciendas in the borderlands to raise cattle and sheep. The Spanish empire wanted to expand its economy and to spread the catholic faith. They set up missions to protect people. The Native Americans liked this at first, but then the soldiers forced them to give up their religious traditions.
New France was a Spanish colony controlled by King Louis XIV. He set up royal colonies.
The southern colonies built plantations and grew cash crops. They used slaves from the early 1700’s to help with the work. They grew rice, indigo, tobacco and cotton.
The Puritans received a charter to start a colony in Massachusetts. Many of the pilgrims did not want to be forced to follow the practices of the Church of England. The Puritans wanted to make their religion more pure.
Before the unit True or False After the unit
_____ The people of the colony of Roanoke disappeared without an _______
_____ The Mayflower Compact was an agreement with the colonists _______
to remain under British rule.
______ A presidio was a fort built by Spanish soldiers. _______
______ Native Americans lived in the Spanish missions so that the _______
soldiers could protect them.
______ The Native Americans were able to continue to practice their _______
______ A royal colony was a colony that was ruled by officials that _______
were appointed by the King of France.
______ There were 17 original British colonies ________
______ The colonists of Pennsylvania were required to be Puritans. ________
______ A pilgrim is a person that makes a journey because of their ________
_____ The colonists of South Carolina grew corn. ________
Primary Resources from the Library of Congress
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Signing of the compact in the cabin of the Mayflower
#1 Title devised by cataloger.
Photograph of a painting signed Percy Moran, showing Myles Standish, William Bradford, William Brewster and John Carver signing the MayflowerCompact in a cabin
Moran, Percy. Signing of the compact in the cabin of the Mayflower.1910-1930. Touring Turn-of-the Century America. 1949. American Memory. Lib. Of Congress.
#4 Near Hartsville, South Carolina, sorting and stringing the "golden leaf" at the tobacco barn, preparatory to curing. Note sled by which tobacco is brought to the barn from the field. This sharecropper family has six acres in tobacco, their main cash crop. They will sell this year's crop for about nine hundred dollars, of which they receive one-half.
Lange, Dorthea. 1LC-USF34-018715-E. 1938. America from the Great Depression to World War II: Black-and-White Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945. July 1938. American Memory. Library of Congress. 1944 < http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/fsaall:@filreq(@field(NUMBER+@band(fsa+8b32792))>
#5 Description: Map with a corner detail depicting slave labor on an indigo plantation.
Mouzon, Henry Jr. & Lodge, John. Map with a corner detail depicting slave labor on an indigo plantation. 1773. Slave voices from the special collections library. November & December 1995. Rare Book, Manuscript and special collections library-Duke University. 13 June 2008 <http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/slavery/plantation.html>
Student used good grammar and spelling with written work
Choose one colony or settlement area; Roanoke, Plymouth Colony, Jamestown, a mission, a presidio, a royal colony, a puritan colony or a plantation.
Choose 10 items that represent your colony
Write a kid-friendly paragraph for each item that you have chosen
Choose a container to put your items
Be neat and creative
Be ready to share your project with the class
Fill out the rubric to turn in with your project
Back to Navigation Bar Tic Tac Toe Game
Put one word in each box
armada pilgrim Mayflower Compact presidio borderland hacienda missions royal colony proprietary colony proprietor charter cash crop refuge Puritan Fundamental Orders immigrant debtor Roanoke Jamestown indigo
Fleet of war ships
Person who makes journey for religious reasons
Self-rule document by colonists in America
A Spanish fort
Area of land that serves as a barrier
The king still rules the colony, but appoints officials to help him govern
The king gave ownership to one person and let him rule
owner of land
A document giving a person or group of people official approval to take a certain action
a crop grown to sell to others
A safe place
People that did not separate from the church of England when they set up their colony
The first written system of government in North America
People that come to live in a new country leaving their homeland behind
A person who owes money
Colony where everyone disappeared
Colony that John Smith led
A plant from which blue dye is made
What was the mystery of Roanoke?
Draw a symbol
Describe the first 2 colonies at Jamestown
Draw a symbol
What was the Mayflower Compact?
Draw a symbol
Describe the Plymouth Colony
Draw a symbol
The English come to America
Vocabulary words: armada pilgrim Mayflower Compact
What are presidios?
Draw a symbol
Describe the ranches and haciendas
Draw a symbol
Describe the missions
Draw a symbol