Directions: You will create a concept web over the major topics of literature and philosophy. You will place the terms inside of your web and connect words by lines and writing connector phrases between the words. Try to make as many connections as you can. Most words connect to multiple other words. Your connector phrases are explanations of how the two terms relate to one another.
Complete the Venn diagram to compare and contrast the lives of nobles and peasants on a feudal manor. In the overlapping parts of the ovals, write or draw three ways these groups were similar. In each of the other parts of the ovals, draw or write three ways they were different.
Had to manage and defend his land and people who worked it
Appt official to ensure work was being done
Acted as judges – power to fine and punish
Held posts in king’s gov’t
Sent knights into warfare
Leisure activity: hunting, hawking, feasting, dancing, board games, and reading
Legally classified as free or unfree
Worked the land of the nobles or some other skilled work
Paid taxes to the lord
Had to give portions of their grain to the lord
Lived in small houses with 1-2 rooms with little furniture or other possessions
Answer the following questions:
What were Charlemagne’s greatest accomplishments? How was he helped by the Catholic Church?
Charlemagne unified nearly all the Christian lands of Europe into a single empire. Pope Leo III helped him by giving him the blessing of the church (the church was a central part of society) and crowning him Holy Roman Emperor in 800 CE.
Why was there a need for order after the death of Charlemagne in 814?
The rulers who came after Charlemagne failed to defend the empire against invasions. In addition, Europe was threatened by Muslims, Magyars, and Vikings in the 9th and 10th Centuries.
Pretend you are a knight in medieval Europe. You would like to let future generations of your family know what life was like on a feudal manor. Write a letter to them below. Be sure to mention these things:
Peasants (serfs) What responsibilities did peasants have in the feudal system?
Most worked at raising crops and tending livestock
Some worked as carpenters, shoemakers, and smiths
Paid taxes to the lords
How were the lives of male and female peasants different?
-In addition to working in the fields, peasant women had to care for their families and homes.
Think about which individuals or groups in our society are most similar to the various social clases in European Feudal society. List those modern groups/individuals next to each level of feudal society, and draw symbols to respresent them. Then list some of their similarities and differences.
This nickname was given to the Middle Ages. Dark Ages
The period known as “The Middle Ages” is characterized by trade, land ownership, strong central govt. or no religion? Explain your selection. The Feudal system and the control of the church (which held a large amount of land)
Who would most likely have said, “If you give me your loyalty, I will give you land and protection.”? A vassal or a lord
What was a knight’s most important training? There is debate for the correct answer here—so think of what their main purpose was in the Feudalism activity. Although they were trained in chivalry, their most important training was for fighting.
Serf were peasants who were not allowed to marry without permission from the lord/can’t leave the land.
What do these medieval items have in common? They were all used in military strategy or where examples of military technology.
In the feudal system an individual’s social status was generally determined by what? birth
What does the word feudalism mean? The economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages
Which city was added to the empire by Charlemagne by 814? Rome
On which river is Tours located? Loire
Which island was added by Charlemagne by 814? Corsica
What physical feature did Charlemagne cross to enter Italy? The Alps