The Constitutional Convention

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A Two-House Legislature

*The Virginia plan would change Congress from a one-house legislature (as under the Articles) to a two-house legislature with an upper house and a lower house.

*Delegates debated about whether the people should elect the members of Congress.
The Great Compromise

*Virginia Plan called for representation based on population. This was supported by large states such as VA, PA, and MA because it gave them more influence/power in Congress.

New Jersey Plan

*The smaller states strongly opposed the idea of representation based on population. They believed the states should have equal representation as they had under the Articles.

*William Paterson (NJ) introduced the New Jersey Plan which called for a single house of Congress with equal representation for each state.

It also increased the powers of Congress to raise money and regulate commerce (trade).

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