1. What are the presiding officers of the House of Representatives and Senate? What powers do each one have? How are they chosen? Who is the Speaker of the House? Who is the Majority Leader of the Senate?
2. How are the political parties organized in the House and Senate?
a. What are the powers possessed by the committees in Congress?
b. How is membership on a committee determined?
c. How is a committee’s leadership determined?
Explain the functions of each of the major or types of committees in Congress.
4. Discuss the following differences between the House and the Senate using the chart Mr. Crump passed out.
c. Changes over the last 30 years.
5. Congressional Staff:
a. What staff does a congressman have in his own office?
b. What staff agencies serve Congress?
6. What does the Constitution say about House and Senate membership requirements?
7. Define the following:
a. President of the Senate
b. President Pro tem of the Senate
c. Majority / Minority Leader
9. Explain how each of the four types of politics have influenced business regulation.
b. interest group
10. Describe the role that perceptions, beliefs, interests and values lay in determining the costs and benefits of a policy.
11. How does the case of long distance telephone deregulation show about the following:
a. client politics
b. entrepreneurial politics
12. What reasons are given by the authors of The Politics of Deregulation for the deregulations of the 1980s and 1990s?
13. Why can deregulation be so controversial?
14. What is process deregulation?
15. How do client politics limit the power of ideas?
F. SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY
From what you know about the policy making process you should be able to do the following:
Summarize the social welfare policy making process by making a diagram or flow chart of the process. Identify the players in each step of the social welfare policy making process using the policy-making flow chart.
1. Who would be the players in the Iron Triangle of social welfare policy making?
2. What executive branch bureaucracy would be involved in its implementation?
Chapter 19—Answer the following by reading Chapter 19. (Fill in this part) 1. What are the two kinds of welfare programs in the U.S.? List some examples of each kind and explain which kinds represent majoritarian politics and which kinds represent client politics.
2. Explain the political difference in dealing with majoritarian welfare programs and client based welfare programs.
3. Describe the following factors that have shaped US social welfare policy:
a. Who should benefit from welfare policy?
(1) Who do Americans believe should benefit from welfare policy?
(2) What is the alternative view of welfare policy in other countries?
b. Timing of welfare policy
(1) Why did American welfare policy arrive so late in our history?
(2) Why didn’t US welfare policy blossom when Great Britain’s did?
c. Federal Involvement
(1) Why has the Federal Government been involved in welfare policy at such a high degree when the Constitution was silent on the issue?
(2) Why do state programs have a double edge effect on welfare policy?
d. Administration of welfare policy
(1) How are US welfare programs administered?
(2) What is charitable choice?
4. Using the box on page 511 list the following social welfare programs:
5. Describe the following two parts of the Social Security Act of 1935.
a. the insurance program
b. the assistance program
c. Why did Pres. Roosevelt feel he needed this welfare policy?
6. What are means tests?
7. What were the major hurdles Congress faced in getting the Medicare Program passed? What did supporters of this bill do to get it passed? What kind of politics did this involve?
8. What is an entitlement program? What are two examples of entitlement programs?
What percentage of the federal budget consists of entitlements? (see p 497)
9. What problems face Social Security? What are six ways to solve this problem?
10. What problems face Medicare? What are some solutions to Medicare’s problems?
11. What were some issues involved in President Obama’s health care reform?
CLIENT WELFARE PROGRAMS
12. What is the AFDC program? Explain what happened to cause this program to lose political legitimacy and support.
13. What two things make majoritarian politics work?
14. Describe the main points on each side of the political debate in adopting the following
a. Social Security
c. Education - Elementary and Secondary Education Act (No Child Left Behind) (see box on p 519)
15. What makes client politics work? How does Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) fit this model? Why doesn’t AFDC work in today’s politics?
16. What is the service strategy of public welfare? How does it compare with the income strategy?