18. The social aspect of the informal economic activity of the Russian policemen in the post-Soviet period.
This socio-economic research is devoted to studying the problems of the Russian police system that have appeared as the consequences of transition from Soviet Union. Police is the part of public sector and its employees have to follow the official rules to maintain the order and this fact resolve negative attitude of policemen to additional earnings. After the transition period from planned economy of Soviet Union to market economy the police system has been changed: without permission policemen joined in economic activity. They began work up as taxi drivers or night watchmen and also they began take bribes for some services. Nowadays there is a prevalence of policemen’s informal economic activity in the Russia and this issue has become an urgent priority. We intend to examine the informal economic activity of policemen, in particular the social aspect of this phenomena. The study makes an attempt to facilitate understanding the motives of Russian policemen to get involved in informal economic activity. To advance our understanding of the nature of policemen’s informal economic activity it is necessary to observe whether beginning policemen have a potential motivation to join in informal economic activity or they tend to secure the society and their motivation changes under the group norms. The empirical database is presented by semi-structured interviews with policemen of different levels.
National Research University - Higher School of Economics. Russia, Moscow.
1 Rus. „ЗАТО” – закрытые автономные территориальные образования.
2 The biggest wave of immigrants (scientists and militaries) moved to those cities between 1947 and 1965.