Allies: countries working together.
Communists: believe that industry should be state-owned.
Soviet Union: the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – the USSR –– i.e. communist Russia.
Dictator: a ruler who has total power.
Capitalists: believe that property and industry should be privately owned.
Democracy: where the people can elect their own government.
Write a paragraph to explain the meaning of the term ‘Cold War’.
From Hot War to Cold War
During the Second World War, Britain and the USA were allies of the Soviet Union, fighting together against Germany. After the war, they became enemies.
After Hiroshima, and particularly after 1949 when Russia developed the atomic bomb, politicians realised that another ‘hot war’ would kill all humankind – war would be MAD (mutually assured destruction).
So they stopped short of war – the ‘cold war’. They didn’t declare war. But they did everything to oppose each other short of war.
It was called the ‘cold war’. It lasted until 1989.