The Cold War Begins After World War II
**Establishment of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was a defensive alliance aimed at preventing the spread of communism.
The Cold War
The Cold War Expands
Arms Race Heightens Tensions
The USSR detonated its first atomic bomb in 1949.
The US and the
USSR also developed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs),
which were long-range rockets carrying nuclear warheads.
Both superpowers spent great amounts of money on weapons,
and many feared world destruction.
However, with ICBMs came the possibility of MAD, or mutually assured destruction. This theory stated that a nuclear war between the superpowers would result in the total annihilation of both nations, and would therefore actually result in a tense, but stable
Eisenhower & New Policies
President Eisenhower & John Foster Dulles (Sec. of State) had a new vision for the role that the U.S. would play in world affairs.
Eisenhower wanted to stockpile nuclear weapons.
He assumed that if there were a war, it would be nulcear. Dulles announced the policy of massive retaliation.
Massive Retaliation – Policy of threatening to use massive force (possibly nuclear) in
response to aggression.
Dulles believed that only by going to the brink of war could the US protect its allies, discourage communist aggression, and prevent war.
This policy became known as brinkmanship.
and Nikita Khrushchev assumes power.
Uprisings Shake Eastern Europe
First In Poland
orkers in Poland rioted against Soviet rule and won greater control of their government. The Polish never threatened to leave the Warsaw Pact, so Soviet leaders permitted the actions.
Encouraged by Khrushchev’s words and Poland’s example, Hungarian
They demanded Soviet troops to be withdrawn and free elections to be
restored. Khrushchev sends in the army and tanks and Crushes the Rebellion.