The Civil War Worksheet The Beginning

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The Civil War Worksheet

  1. The Beginning

    1. November 1- 1860 – Lincoln was Elected.

    2. December 1860- 1st state to secede from Union: South Carolina

C. February 1861- Six more states seceded:

Texas, Virginia, Ak

  1. These states called themselves “The confederate

of America.”

2. Had their own government and president who was Jefferson davis

3. Printed their own newspaper.

  1. April 12-13, 1861- Confederate forces opened fire on fort sumter

  2. 1 ½ days later- 36 hours, Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort.

    1. There weres no casualties

E. Lincoln called for troops to “Put down the rebellion.”

  1. Eve of War – 1861

    1. Northern states= 24

Southern states= 11

  • After Ft. Sumter, 4 more states seceded: N.C., A.K., T.N, V.A.

  • 3 others remained in the North: M.D, K.Y., M.R

  • However: 30,000 resigned to fight for the south.

B. Military Officers

  • 1/3 of U.S. resigned to fight for the

C. North was confident. They had in their favor…

  • population (compared to south)

  • of nation’s wealth

  • of the factories

  • of the farms

  • of the rail roads

D. Civil Wars are the most painful of all conflicts

  • They divide , , and

III. First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)
A. Union soldiers were badly beaten

  • Northern troops vs. Confederate troops.

  • Battle was 25 miles south of a little known river named

  1. Spectators came down to visit, picnic and

  2. Battle awakened them to the reality of war. It would be

  3. (N) George McClellan put in charge of the Army of the Potomac- its purpose was to defend .

IV. Strategies
A. North war aims:

1. Declared naval of the Confederate coastline (cut off supplies)

2. Seize control of the (cut south into 2 parts)

3. Take Chattanooga, TS to

4. Seize Confederate capital of Richmond, VA (gain control of the government)
B. South war aims:

1. Shape their and keep

2. Repel northern

3. Seek support from who depended on US cotton/tobacco

C. Lincoln’s strategies were accomplished and they worked

1. Blockade put in place

2. Gen. U.S. Grant controlled Mississippi River by 1862

3. Took control of Chattanooga

4. Took Richmond – April 1865

D. Jan 1, 1863, Lincoln signed “ “freeing slaves

  • This turned the struggle to preserve the union into a crusade for freedom

V. African-America soldiers in the Union Army

A. black troops served in the Union Army and Navy

1. Found (look and felt free)

2. Found

3. Shed their “plantation manners” personalities

B. Most famous was 54th Massachusetts volunteers (Film: Glory)

    • When they found white troops were receiving higher pay,

, their pay checks. 864, Congress granted equal pay, including .
VI. War Casualties

A. Disease and diarrhea: improper , negligent hygiene, garbage, sewers, bad .

B. Weapons

1. Napoleon Cannon

    • Sprayed deadly hail of .

2. Rifled musket – put on bullet, extended range/accuracy by .

    • One shot could wrench off an arm or leg (Minie ball – Mr. Minnie)

B. Tactics Changed:

1. Took

2. Dug

3. sent up for spying/reconnaissance
D. Battle of Gettysburg

1. 1863 – Lee invaded North with 75,000 southern soldiers – North-


a. Lee ordered to lead assault against heart of Northern troop

b. Lee’s charge= disaster: 51,000 casualties in three days:

N= S=

  1. Lincoln to Gettysburg the following November to

    • Famous speech “Gettysburg Address”

  1. Women in the Civil War

    • The war brought brother burdens and .

      1. Nursing- their greatest contribution

  • Went to the battle field and founded the Red Cross

      1. Women took on the responsibilities…

  1. farming/plantations

  2. jobs

  3. jobs (in the north)

      1. Served in both armies as soldiers and spies

  • Sojourner Truth & Harriet Tubman were & .

  1. Boys in the Civil War

A. Reasons for going to war

1. Glamour

2. Prestige

  1. Chance to fight for a cause (Freedom)

A. How did boys join the military?

1. Listed

2. Ran away and joined

3. about their ages
C. What were the boy’s responsibilities?

1. for the regiment

2. Fife or players

3. Members of the infantry

4. (Go-fers or errand boys)
D. Notable statistics of boys killed in the war

1. Ages of the boys killed

a. 100,000 killed were under years of age

(George Lamkin from Mississippi was wounded at Shiloh- age 11)

2. 25 boys killed were under the age of .

3. Percentages

a. 3. Percentages

A. of the Union Army was made up of boys under 21

B. only of the troops were over 30

IX. Total Destruction of the South

A. Wm. T Sherman’s “

  • Captured and destroyed .

RR, bridges, roads, farms, houses, animals, crops, etc.

B. South’s economy wiped out- became worthless.

      1. The End

A. Nov.1864- Lincoln reelected with of the vote

B. March 4, - Abe is sworn in for second term

C. Grant took April 1, 1865

D. Lee’s men were now out-numbered by .

E. Lee and Grant met to sign truce at the town of .

1. Grant’s terms were generous:

a. Confederate soldiers free to .

b. Could take all including horses, mules, etc.

c. Were treated and fed

  • A sad time for Grant “The rebels are our countrymen again.”

XI. Lincoln’s Assassination

  1. March 4, 1865- Lincoln sworn in

  2. Tired!

  1. of running the government and the war

2. Went through before finding U.S. Grant

3. Suffered the death of in 1864

4. Wife became (Mary Todd Lincoln)

C. Strange dream

  • Lincoln saw himself and lying in state in the East Room of the White House.

D. April 14, 1865- after the surrender

1. Ford’s Theater “ .”

2. Fired point blank at the back of Lincoln’s head

3. Lincoln died the next day in the across from Ford’s Theater.

E. April 26- Booth in a tobacco barn. Shot by .

  • Others in conspiracy also caught and hanged

  1. Lincoln’s coffin lay in state in East room of the White House

    • Later body was taken to his home in for burial

G. Assassination was in a long, violent war

  • More than dead (wounds and diseases)

  • More than all other U.S. causalities of . combined

  • Neighbor against neighbor, brother against brother

    • Ended forever the institution of slavery

    • Boosted the industrial economy of the north

    • Condemned the south to years of poverty and reconstruction

    • Dates: April 12, 1861- April 9, 1865

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