*Elizabeth Blackwell (America’s first female physician) trained nurses for the Union army.
*Dorothea Dix (social reformer) became the head of Union army nurses.
*Harriet Tubman (continued to lead slaves to freedom) served as a nurse for the Union.
*Clara Barton cared for wounded soldiers on the battlefield.
Review Questions *How did the Civil War divide both North and South? Not all northerners supported a war to preserve the Union or end slavery, and not all southerners favored a war to defend secession or support slavery *Why was the Civil War sometimes called a “rich man’s war but a poor man’s fight”? Wealthy men could pay to avoid the draft while poor men could not afford to do so. *What strains did the war put on people/ It caused financial hardships, as well as shortages of food and other necessities. *How did the war affect women? They took on many roles that would not have been possible during peacetime.