Focus Question: How did the war affect people and politics in the North and the South? *The Emancipation Proclamation (E.P.) ended the South’s hope for help from Britain and France. It also encouraged African Americans to fight for the Union and increased tensions in both the North and the South. Divisions Over the War
*The Civil War caused divisions within the North and South. Not all northerners supported a war to end slavery or even to restore the Union. Not all white southerners supported a war to defend slavery or secession.