The Bureaucracy Chapter Summary


parties to be affected by a new rule



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parties to be affected by a new rule.

  • the general public.




    1. The “iron triangle” refers to

    1. a policy of controlling information through censorship.

    2. the alliance of mutual benefit formed among an agency, its client group, and congressional committees.

    3. the mathematical formula used by the bureaucracy to determine benefit payments.

    4. an alliance between Congress, the president, and big business to control the economy.

    5. the increase in campaign contributions to presidential candidates.




    1. Issue networks are

    1. another name for iron triangles.

    2. a more complex concept than iron triangles that illustrates how experts support issues on a particular policy position.

    3. an attempt by the media to manipulate public opinion on a particular issue.

    4. insider relationships within Congress to protect congressional benefits.

    5. another name for political appointees.




    1. The ultimate check that Congress has over the bureaucracy is the ability to

    1. hire and fire members of boards and commissions.

    2. write legislation in specific terms so that the bureaucracy will not be able to interpret the meaning of laws.

    3. withhold the appropriation of money to the bureaucracy.

    4. influence the president to take action against a bureaucrat.

    5. impeach the particular bureaucrat.




    1. A person who brings to public attention government abuses is called

    1. a special abuse auditor.

    2. the General Accounting Office.

    3. a special investigator.

    4. an agent of the Bureau of the President (BOP).

    5. a whistleblower.




    1. Since Congress is unable to oversee the day-to-day administration of programs, it has

    1. created whistleblower legislation.

    2. created enabling legislation for administrative agencies.

    3. created the Federal Register.

    4. created “issue networks.”

    5. created a special investigative agency.




    1. Negotiated rulemaking begins when an agency publishes the subject and scope of a new rule in the

    1. broadcast media.

    2. issue networks.

    3. Federal Register.

    4. appropriate committee of Congress.

    5. National media.




    1. Which of the following do not conduct investigations for Congress?

    1. congressional committees

    2. the Federal Register

    3. the General Accounting Office

    4. the Congressional Budget Office

    5. the investigative issue network




    1. The Congressional Review Act of 1996 provides

    1. Congress with control over bureaucratic spending.

    2. Congress with the power to force the president to negotiate issues.

    3. Congress with the power to eliminate agencies.

    4. Congress with the power to call public hearings.

    5. Congress with the power to express disapproval of an agency.



    Short Essay Questions Briefly address the major concepts raised by the following questions.


    1. Identify and explain several theories of bureaucracy.

    2. Discuss the different types of government agencies and organizations in the federal bureaucracy.

    3. Describe the recent reforms in the federal civil service.

    4. Explain the iron triangle and issue network models of the bureaucracy.


    Answers to the Practice Exam






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