The australian naval institute

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by Lieutenant Commander J. Hazell. B.Sc. RANR


It should be pointed out in the first instance that although the author belongs to an industrial organisation which supplies equipment to inter­national maritime powers, the views which are presented in this article are entirely those of a private associate member of the Institute. These views are presented in the interests of stimulating discussion and debate within the forum of the Institute on a subject closely related to the Navy and the Maritime profession.


Having selected such a generalised subject, the lines along which it is intended to develop the discussion should be introduced.

Firstly, the term Maritime Power', is inter­preted in its most general sense Any nation or group of nations which desires a capability to exercise maritime power will need to develop an industrial structure whereby equipment required to implement the capability can be supplied in a timely fashion. Supply' should once again be in­terpreted in its most general sense which means not only the provision of new equipment but also the repair, refurbishment, replacement, etc. of damaged or faulty equipment. Depending on the particular nation this industrial structure will be represented by a mix of organisations, namely:

in-house industrial resources

e.g. Naval Dockyards

  • Government factories e.g. munitions

  • indigenous commercial enterprises

  • overseas industry — Government agencies

Commercial enter­prises Nations can be desirous of acquiring a cap­ability to exercise maritime power for any number of reasons, for example

  • protection of maritime trade to ensure eco­nomic survival

  • defence against aggression mounted by a potential enemy's maritime forces

  • offence directed against a ootential enemy's maritime forces, trade, offshore resources, coastal installations, etc.

  • exertion of international influence by de­ployment of maritime forces beyond territor­ial waters

  • provision and protection of a logistic support chain supplying land and air forces in remote areas within or without the sovereign terri­tory, etc.

These examples are by no means exhaustive

Such roles of a nation's maritime forces are decided on the basis of intrinsic geography, demography, economy; by foreign policy, by stra­tegic and political developments within a region The decisions are made by Governments and implemented by the national Military organisation within the allocated financial and manpower re­sources.

Before examining in more detail the term In­dustrial Support, it should be stated that, as gen­eral rules:

  • industry is only responsive to the require­ments for maritime power.

  • industry does not initiate policy.

It is agreed that there have been precedents where Industry initiative has produced the equip­ment required for the exercise of maritime power but these precedents are more relevant to the specific aerospace and electronics industries and also more relevant to the past than today and tomorrow As a more general rule the above state­ments are considered valid for industrial support today.


Following graduation Irom the Royal Australian Naval College in 1962. John Haiell served in a number ot HMA Ships and Establishments during his naval career as well as undergoing general and specialist training in the U K and the U S A In 1968 he graduated Irom Mel bourne University with a Bachelor ol Science Degree maturing in Physics He was Ihe Surface Weapons Trials Oliicer at the RAN Trials and Assessing Unit Irom 1973 until the time ol his resignation Irom Ihe RAN in November 1974 Afler leaving the RAN. he became Manager Delence Systems and Allied Technologies, at Plessey Australia Pty Limited and was appointed to his current position ol Regional Manager Soulh East Asia. Fried Krupp GmbH Krupp Allas-ElektroniK in May 1978

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