The American Revolution

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The American Revolution

The American Revolution is caused by many major events. The first is the French and Indian war because this war between Britain and France ended with the victorious British deeply in debt and demanding more revenue from the colonies. With the defeat of the French, the colonies became less dependent on Britain for protection. Second is the Proclamation of 1763 because this prohibited settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains. While Britain did not intend to harm the colonists, many colonists took offense at this order. The third one is the Stamp Act because this required tax stamps on many items and documents including playing cards, newspapers, and marriage licenses. Prime Minister George Grenville stated that this direct tax was intended for the colonies to pay for defense. Previous taxes imposed by Britain had been indirect, or hidden.

These are other events that led the American Revolution. The Boston Tea Party because a group of colonists disguised as Indians dumped tea overboard from three ships in Boston Harbor which made the British angry. The second one would be the Intolerable Acts because these were passed in response to the Boston Tea Party and placed restrictions on the colonists including outlawing town meetings and the closing of Boston Harbor. The third one would be the Boston Massacre because the colonists and British soldiers openly clashed in Boston. This event was used as an example of British cruelty despite questions about how it actually occurred. The last one would be the Town shed Acts because the taxes were imposed to help make the colonial officials independent of the colonists and included duties on glass, paper, and tea. Smugglers increased their activities to avoid the tax leading to more troops in Boston.

The American Revolution (1775–1783) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence. Following the French and Indian war (1754-1763) the British decided the colonies should pay more of the costs to join with them being a British colony, such as military protection. Britain imposed a series of taxes that proved to be very unpopular. The revolution did not start over night, but was a long series of events leading to the first shot being fired.

The American Revolution started with the 13 colonies protesting against these taxes and other laws the colonists considered the Intolerable Acts. The British were concerned to colonist protests might turn into revolt. They sent troops to Lexington and Concord to capture leaders of the revolt and a store of weapons. Thanks to Paul Revere's Midnight Ride, the rebellion's leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock escaped, and the colonial militia was assembled and waiting for the British troops. This led to the Battle of Lexington and Concord, and the Siege of Boston.

Initially the fight was over rights as a British colony. Eventually the revolt evolved into a fight for independence with the goal of colonies to become a separate and independent United States of America. At the First Continental congress the colonists issued a request that Britain revoke the contentious taxes and laws. Britain refused, which fueled the cries for independence.

A Second Continental congress was held, and on July 4, 1776 the colonies formally made their Declaration of Independence. A Constitutional Convention was held to define the government through the Articles of Confederation of the newly formed United States of American. The Battles of the American Revolution started in Lexington on April 19, 1775. Declaring independence was one thing, achieving independence was much more difficult for the colonists.

There were over 20 major battles during the revolution, spanning a period of 6 years. Initially the British held the advantage with more troops and a superior trained army. The Continental Army eventually grew in size, and through considerable training, became a powerful fighting force. With the help of France, General George Washington and his Continental Army defeated British General Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown on October 19, 1781. This led to the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the revolution on September 3, 1783

The American Revolution was important because In terms of American history, it is crucially important because without the Revolution, there would be no United States today. In terms of world history, it was the first instance of a new country being birthed from under the control of another.

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