European countries wanted to find different trade routes to Asia.
Portugal had taken over the sea route around Africa and the land route was dangerous.
Religious conflicts between the Protestants and the Catholics made people want to move to a place where they can practice their religion freely and without violence.
The King and Queen of Spain were Catholic. They wanted to spread Christianity around the world.
What do archaeologists do?
A scientist who studies artifacts to learn about past cultures.
Who named North and South America, “The New World”?
The European explorers that came to America called it The New World. It was not a new world to the Native Americans who lived here for thousands of years.
Why were flags planted on land by European explorers?
During the Age of Exploration European rulers wanted to spread their power to the New World. They paid explorers to sail to and claim new land. Once an explorer reached a new land, they planted a flag to claim, or take, the land for their country.
What could explorers do with a cash crop?
Tobacco and cotton were popular cash crops found in America. A cash crop is a crop that is grown in large quantities for sale. They couldn’t be eaten. Cash crops were grown to be sold back in Europe.
It became a valuable cash crop for colonies in the New World.
They used the Bible to help them spread the Christian religion.
European countries wanted to build wealth.
Planting a flag on a new land claimed that land for their country and ruler.
Maps showed the information they needed to know to cross the ocean. Ocean maps include such features as rocky shores and safe ports. Maps for navigation show where winds blow and ocean currents flow.
Compass & Astrolabe
These are both tools of navigation. The compass showed the direction their ship was heading using the earth’s magnetic field. To cross an ocean and arrive at their destination, sailors needed a way to find their location and stay on course. The astrolabe helped them to measure their ship’s latitude and navigate by day or night.