Texas History Robben, Cast, Danby, Burrows 1st Semester Review

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Texas History

Robben, Cast, Danby, Burrows

1st Semester Review
Chapter 1

  1. The Llano Estacado and the Edwards Plateau are landforms in which region? The Great Plains

  2. The Coastal Plain is set off from the western regions by a steep cliff called a(n) what? Escarpment

  3. Which region has low and marshy land and includes the pine forests of the ‘Piney Woods’ ? The Coastal Plains

  4. Which region is known for Big Bend National Park ? The Mountains and Basins

  5. Mountains, deserts, plateaus and plains are examples of ? Landforms

  6. Ranching takes place in an area with lots of what? Grasslands

  7. The plants and animals that live in an area naturally are a result of what? Climate

  8. What types of things define a people’s culture? the beliefs and ideas they hold, the language they speak and the customs they follow, and the styles of housing and clothing they use

  9. Which region has rolling and hilly land with many mesas and buttes ? The North Central Plains

  10. Geographers divide Texas into how many regions ? Four

Chapter 2

  1. How did climate allow the first humans to come to the Americas from Asia? A cold climate lowered ocean levels, creating a land bridge

  2. From what Indian word did the name Texas originate ? and what tribe? Tay-yas, Caddo

  3. These groups of Indians were of the ‘tallest’ of all Texas Indians. It is also believed that they practiced ‘ceremonial cannibalism’. Who were they ? Karankawas

  4. Which tribe became expert horse riders, known as ‘warriors of the plains’, and were feared by other tribes? Comanches

  5. Which people traded well-made bows and pottery? Caddoes

  6. Name three things the Comanches and Apaches used the buffalo for? Food, clothing, shelter

  7. What Group introduced the Indians to horses ? Europeans(Spanish)

  8. Which tribe lived in Northeast Texas ? Caddoes

Chapter 3

  1. Identify the French empire in the Americas:P72, based in Canada

  2. List 3 things Cabeza de Vaca wrote about in his book: P64-65, hints about the 7 cities of Gold, details about the plants and animals of Texas, information about the Native Americans of Texas

  3. How did Cabeza de Vaca get to Texas: P63-64 ended up in Texas due to the failed Narvaez expedition

  4. Identify Cortes: P60/61 Defeated the Aztecs

  5. Identify Pizarro: P60/61 Defeated the Incas

  6. Identify the Reconquista: P57, about eight hundred years and ended in 1492

  7. Identify the Llano Estacado: P68, the physical feature that Coronado crossed

  8. List 3 goals of the Spanish in exploring the New World: P57,58, gain wealth, become more powerful than Portugal, spread Christianity to China and India

  9. How did Marcos de Niza contribute to the legend of the Seven Cities of Gold? P67, he said he had seen a golden city

  10. Which expedition produced a useful map of the Texas coast? P62, Alvarez de Pineda

  11. What happened to La Salle’s colony? P74, It did not last

Chapter 4

  1. List 3 reasons why Native Americans came to missions: P86, have steady food supply, protection from enemies, received gifts

  2. How did the U.S. and New Spain become neighbors? P92, The US bought Louisiana from France

  3. Define republic: a society where citizens elect representatives to make laws

  4. List the filibusters from this chapter: P92-96, Gutierrez, Kemper, Magee, Nolan, Long

  5. Why were soldiers unhappy at the presidios? P89, low pay

  6. Define catechism: a set of questions and answers about Catholic beliefs

  7. What was Los Adaes: P82, capital of East Texas

  8. Define pirate: a person who steals from ships on the sea

  9. Define cede: to give up formal ownership of something

  10. Define presidio: Forts built around missions that offered safety from un-friendly Indians

  11. Define peninsulares: Highest class in their society

  12. When did Mexico win its independence? P99, 1821

  13. Identify the Neutral Ground Agreement: P94, Achieve peace on the border of the US and Spanish Texas

  14. What kind of work did Native Americans perform on the missions? P87, ranching, farming, craft work, making soap and bricks

  15. What happened to the 1st East Texas mission? P81, it was abandoned because of conflict with Indians

  16. Define mission: a settlement set up in Indian Territory, ran by Spanish friars, and paid for by the Spanish government

Chapter 5

  1. What happened to Austin’s grant when Mexico won independence? P119, The new government accepted it

  2. How did Mexico’s colonization laws attract settlers? P111-112, Offering land at low prices

  3. What was the effect of Mexican independence on Texas? P119, Land became even cheaper and more available than ever

  4. What is one reason many Mexicans did not want to colonize Texas? P111, Feared attacks from Native Americans

  5. Identify Baron de Bastrop: P115, Helped Moses Austin win his empresario grant

  6. Identify Pecan Point: P109-110, Settlement in Texas where a few American settlers lived

  7. What happened when Moses Austin went to San Antonio in 1820? P115, He gained a contract as an empresario

  8. How did Fort St. Louis threaten the Spanish claim to Texas? P109, Mexican settlers in Texas were very scarce

Chapter 6

  1. List 3 parts of the Law of April 6, 1830: P138-39, ending most empresario contracts, ending immigration from the U.S., charging a tax on imports from the U.S.

  2. What did Mexico do about Texans who had slaves? P138, it allowed them to keep slaves even though slavery was illegal

  3. What Mexican commander was sent by Santa Anna to break up the state government? P149, Cos

  4. What happened at Velasco? P143, fighting broke out following peace at Anahuac

  5. Why did the government of Mexico put a tax on goods imported into Texas from the U.S.? P139, To encourage Texans to buy goods from Mexico

  6. What did Santa Anna do in 1834? P149, seized the Mexican government

  7. Identify the Convention of 1833: P146, meeting in which it was decided to send Austin to Mexico City

Chapter 7

  1. Why did the Texans want to defend the Alamo? P167, It controlled an important road into Texas

  2. How were the American and Texas Revolutions the same? P156-57, Both had goals that changed over time

  3. What was the effect of the massacre at Goliad? P175, It convinced Texans that Santa Anna was brutal

  4. Why was the Texans’ capture of Goliad important? P162, seized valuable supplies

  5. Identify the Runaway Scrape: P175, Flight of Anglos away from Santa Anna’s army

  6. Why is Gonzales called the “Lexington of the Texas Revolution”? P159, 1st battle in the Revolution

  7. Define Anglo. White people that came to Texas from the United States

Chapter 8

  1. What happened to Santa Anna after his capture? P200, He was eventually released

  2. How did Houston know Santa Anna’s plans? P192, The Texans captured a messenger who carried the plans

  3. Define renege: to back out of an agreement

  4. Define dictator: a ruler with total power

  5. When did Cos and his men join Santa Anna’s army? P193, the morning of the Battle of San Jacinto

  6. What reasons did the Texas Declaration of Independence give for Texas to separate from Mexico? P182, Mexico had not protected people’s rights, the justice system in Mexico was unfair, Texans were not given a voice in their own government

  7. Define ratify: the people approve something

  8. Define skirmish: brief fight between two small groups of soldiers

  9. What mistakes did Santa Anna make before San Jacinto? P192,193,

1. stayed at the Alamo for 12 days

2. split Army into 3 groups

3. camped behind the ridge

4. letting his soldiers take a siesta

  1. Why did Houston want the Convention of 1836 to focus on forming a government? P181, forming a government to direct the war

  2. What kind of assistance did the Texans get from the U.S.? P199, money, men, supplies

  3. List things Houston did before leading the Texas army: P187,

1. he lived among the Cherokees,

2. served in Congress

3. governor of Tennessee

4. fought in the War of 1812

  1. Identify Washington-on-the-Brazos: P181, where the Convention of 1836 met

  2. Define negotiate: to reach an agreement through compromise

Know the 12 MAIN Rivers of Texas name and location:

1. Rio Grande 2. Pecos

3. Nueces 4. San Antonio

5. Guadalupe 6. Colorado

7. Brazos 8. Trinity

9. Angelina 10. Sabine

11. Red 12. Canadian

of 2015 Semester I Exam Ch 1-8 REVIEW w/Answers

Directory: cms -> lib09 -> TX01000550 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 880
880 -> Us history Super staar 131 Facts! Fort Burrows
880 -> Main Idea: In writing the Constitution, Americans drew on ancient traditions, Enlightenment ideas, and their own experience
880 -> Us history Fort Burrows The Nation Grows and Prospers 1790 1825
880 -> Main Idea: President Jackson showed the strength of his will in his fight with the Bank of the United States
880 -> Us history Fort Burrows Review Chapter 12 w/Yellow Answers
880 -> 10. 5 The War of 1812 Main Idea
880 -> Conquistador – ‘conquerors’ tribute – ‘payment of food & valuables’
880 -> Main Idea: Spain’s conquest, exploration, and colonization of the Americas brought wealth to some and tragedy to others
880 -> The American Revolution 1775 1783 1 Fighting Begins in the North read pgs 166-172
880 -> Vocabulary: Battle of Bull Run – first major battle of the Civil War, fought in Virginia in 1861

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