Texas as a Province and Republic 1795-1845 Reel Listing Advocate of the People's Rights, Brazoria



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Texas as a Province and Republic 1795-1845

Reel Listing


Advocate of the People's Rights, Brazoria.

Extra. Brazoria, Wednesday, March 27, 1834.

[Brazoria: Printed at the Office of the Advocate of the People's Rights]. [1834]

42; [Published "for the sole purpose of laying before the public" a letter from Stephen F. Austin to the Ayuntamiento of San Felipe de Austin dated "Monterry [sic], Jan. 17, 1834.", but including a number of other items. Text begins:] The present Extra closes the career of the "Advocate," until the return of Oliver H. Allen, the Editor, who is now absent in the U.S. of the North ...; Broadsheet, both sides in three columns. 45.5 x 30 cm.; This is one of the letters written by Austin after his arrest at Saltillo on January 3, 1834, when on his way back to Texas from his mission to Mexico City. The letter is dated from Monterrey, where for some reason he was taken before being returned to Mexico City, and is printed in full in the Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 1039-1041. Austin asks that there be no excitement about his arrest and says that the general government is disposed, within the limits of its constitutional powers, to act for the good of Texas. Following Austin's letter is a translation of the letter from the Minister of Foreign Relations to Austin, dated Mexico, December 7, 1833. The Spanish text of the December 7 letter is in the Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 1017. Nothing seems to be known about Oliver H. Allen, except that he was the editor of the Advocate.; Locations: TxU.



Reel: 1
Allen, Augustus Chapman, 1806-1864.

The town of Houston.

[Columbia? Printed at the Telegraph Office?]. [1836]

112.1; [Text begins:] Situated at the head of Navigation, on the west bank of Buffalo Bayou, is now for the first time brought to public notice … [Signed at end:] A.C. Allen, J.K. Allen; Broadside 23 x 14 cm.; Dated at end: August 30, 1836. Augustus Allen and his brother John moved to Texas in 1832, settling first at San Augustine, then at Nacogdoches. In 1836 they bought from John Austin his half league of land on Buffalo Bayou and determined to build a town there and name it for Sam Houston. By offering to build a capitol at their own expense and provide other accomodations they persuaded the government to move to their new town, and in May of 1837 Houston became the capital of Texas. There are articles on both Augustus and John Allen in the Handbook of Texas.; Locations: Entered from a copy privately owned.



Reel: 1
Alsbury, Horace A., d. 1847.

To the People of Texas.

[Brazoria: Printed by F.C. Gray]. [1835]

53; [Text begins:] Arriving this day from Monterray [sic] ... [continues with] information which I possess in regard to the designs of the Mexican Government towards the people of Texas ... [Signed and dated at end:] Horatio A. Alsberry [sic]. Columbia, August 28th, 1835.; Broadside in two columns. 19.3 x 15.4 cm.; This handbill, from which Dr. Barker in Johnson and Barker, Texas and Texans, quotes at considerable length in Vol. I, p. 243, gives a report from Alsbury, just back from Mexico, that the Mexican government plans to establish an "arbitrary despotism" in Texas, "drive from the country a number of our principal citizens," and "put their slaves free and let them loose upon their families." He urges that "immediate steps be taken for our preservation." Alsbury says he is giving this information at the request of the Chairman of the Committee of Safety for the jurisdiction of Columbia. The handbill, undoubtedly issued by the Columbia committee, which at its August 15 meeting, see entry No. 60, had voted for a Consultation of Texas, marks another step towards warlike, rather than peaceful, measures by the Texans, for, as Johnson and Barker remark, Vol. I, p. 238, of the work cited above, "there is little doubt that the peace party was in the ascendency down at least to the middle of August." It was not until a fortnight later, when Austin made his famous speech at the Brazoria dinner of September 8, entry No. 56, that the die was cast for war rather than peace. The sketch of Alsbury in the Handbook of Texas shows that he was one of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" and was active in military affairs until he met his death in the Mexican War.; This handbill is reprinted in the Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 107-108.; Locations: CtY.



Reel: 1
Archer, Branch Tanner, 1790-1856.

To the Editor of the Texas Republican.

[At end:] F.C. Gray, Printer, Brazoria. [1835]

54; [Text begins:] Sir: -- The following letter has been just received from W.H. Wharton, Esq. in answer to my annunciation of his election as Commissioner to the United States ... B.T. Archer. San Felipe, Dec. 2, 1835. [Followed by Wharton's letter declining the appointment, dated at beginning, San Felipe, November 28, 1835, and signed:] William H. Wharton.; Broadside in three columns. 35.8 x 26 cm.; See note to entry No. 55.; Locations: TxHSJM. TxU. TWS.



Reel: 1
Archer, Branch Tanner, 1790-1856.

To the Editors of the Telegraph.

[San Felipe de Austin: Printed by Baker & Bordens]. [1835]

55; [Text begins:] Gentlemen, I herewith transmit to you, for publication, a copy of an official letter which I addressed to Wm. H. Wharton, together with his answer. ... B.T. Archer. San Felipe, December 2, 1834 [i.e. 1835.] [Followed by notice of Archer to Wharton of his election as a commissioner to the United States, and by Wharton's letter of declination, dated at end, November 26, 1835.]; Broadside in three columns. 40 x 32.5 cm.; Wharton declined the appointment of the Consultation on the ground that its November Declaration in favor of the Mexican Constitution of 1824 was too indefinite to induce aid from foreign governments, and recommended that a new Convention be called with power to declare independence and form a constitution for Texas. Shortly afterwards he reconsidered and accepted. Wharton's letter of November 28 forwarded by Archer to the Texas Republican is somewhat longer and more carefully expressed than his November 26 letter published by the Telegraph, but in substance the two letters are the same. The earlier letter to the Telegraph is reprinted in the Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 265-267. Archer was a member of the April, 1833, convention, president of the Consultation of 1835, one of the three commissioners to the United States, speaker of the Texas House of Representatives at the second session of the First Congress, and secretary of war under Lamar. He is the subject of a sketch by Dr. Barker in the Dictionary of American Biography.; Locations: TxU. TWS.



Reel: 1
Austin, John, 1801-1833.

To the Public.

[Brazoria: Printed by D.W. Anthony]. [1832]

24; [A bitter attack on William H. Wharton who is charged with cowardice at the "battle of Velasco" and with falsely claiming that he "planned the whole attack at Fort Velasco." Text begins:] I am averse to troubling the public with individual difficulties, but it sometimes becomes necessary for one citizen, when attacked in a publication by another, to answer in the same manner. ... [Dated and signed at end:] Brazoria, Dec. 18, 1832. John Austin.; Broadside in two columns. 27 x 19 cm.; This broadside gives John Austin's reply to a handbill of the two Whartons, William and his younger brother John, entry No. 34, but no copy located, and of a handbill by Henry Smith and others dated December 16, 1832, entry No. 30, only copy located in my collection, both attacking John Austin. One of the charges, which sounds a little odd today, was that John Austin was a member of a faction headed by Stephen F. Austin. There is still another handbill in the dispute, entry No. 31, by Peyton R. Splane. John Austin joined the Long Expedition when a boy of eighteen and first got to know Stephen F. Austin when a prisoner in Mexico City. This ripened into a close friendship. Later John Austin became a successful merchant at Brazoria, a delegate to the convention of 1832, and a leader in the Battle of Velasco. William H. Wharton, who also lived on the lower Brazos, was a wealthy and prominent Texas lawyer and a leading figure with John Austin at the July, 1832, grand dinner at Brazoria in honor of Mexia, the representative of Santa Anna, then in successful revolt against the President of Mexico, Bustamante. For more about Wharton, see the note to his "Hand-Bill," entry No. 34. The chances are that John Austin's pride was severely wounded by the assertion of John A. Wharton that his brother, William H., "planned the whole attack at Velasco." The battle of handbills followed. John Austin died in the summer of 1833, a victim of the cholera epidemic. For what little is known of Anthony see the "Sketch of Printing" [located in Collection Information].; Locations: TWS.



Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

[Brazoria: Printed at the Office of the Advocate of the People's Rights]. [1833]

35; [Letter, dated "City of Mexico, July 24, 1833.", addressed "To the Central Committee", and signed, Stephen F. Austin preceded by two paragraphs of editorial comment with heading:] Brazoria, October 26, 1833; Broadside in two columns. 45.5 x 29 cm.; Austin first tells of his journey since leaving Texas early in May to present the petition of the April, 1833, convention for statehood, and then in some detail of his interview with two members of the Mexican cabinet on July 23, and states that he thinks the government will "before long" approve of making Texas a separate state. He goes on to recommend that if this is refused "Texas ought to organize a local government with as little delay as possible." It was this sentiment, but more fully and forcibly expressed, in Austin's letter of October 2, 1833, to the ayuntamiento of Bexar, which led to his arrest when about to leave Mexico early in 1834. There does not seem to have been any contemporary printing of the October 2 letter. Since, as noted in the "Sketch of Printing", [located in Collection Information] the press on which this broadside was printed was financed by John A. Wharton, we can probably ascribe to him the favorable editorial comment preceding the text of Austin's letter for its "openly renouncing the policy and doctrine of 'Conciliation.'" The letter is reprinted in full in the Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 988-991, where it is stated in the note to be, "From a handbill printed at Brazoria, Oct. 3 [i.e. October 26?], 1833. Texas State Library." That copy cannot now be found.; Locations: TxU.

Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

[Brazoria: Printed by Gray & Harris]. [1834]

43; [Letter to James F. Perry, dated "Prison of the Acordada City of Mexico 25 Aug. 1834"]; [Broadside.]; We know from a letter of James F. Perry to Austin dated "Peach Point 7th Decr. 1834" (Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 33) that this long and interesting letter of August 25 "has been widely circulated, both in the paper and handbills," but no copy of a separate printing seems to have survived. For a card of W.H. Wharton dated November 9, 1834, bitterly attacking Austin for statements in his August 25 letter imputing that Wharton had aggravated Austin's misfortunes, see entry No. 51. No copy of this August 25 letter has been located, but it is given in full in the Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 1075-1085. Edward, in his History of Texas, gives the text of the letter, but with many omissions, p. 211-220.

Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

[San Felipe de Austin: Printed at the Mexican Citizen Office?]. [1831]

20; [Form of certificate that a given person is admitted by Austin into his colony as a colonist, to be used as a safe conduct. Text begins:] El Ciudadano Estevan F. Austin, Empresario, para introducir Emigrados Estrangeros, en las Colonias ... Certifico ... [At end:] Villa de Austin, ----- de ----- de 183-; Broadside. 25.2 x 20.2 cm.; Though this certificate is a form, it has seemed important enough to justify an entry. By skillful negotiations, Austin had obtained rulings from the Mexican authorities excepting persons going to his or to the De Witt colony from the prohibitions of the famous law of April 6, 1830, against entry into Texas. The difficulties in making it clear that such and such persons were destined for these colonies were finally solved by Austin, who, when on his way to attendance at a session of Congress in Coahuila, wrote from Bexar to his secretary, S.M. Williams, on December 28, 1830 (Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 567-569). "I send you two hundred signatures, have certificates printed over them verbatim like the others, and fill them up, all except the name." In the same letter Austin says: "I have written to De Witt to get 200 certificates of the same kind as mine printed and signed by him and sent in blank to different places." The certificate entered here is almost certainly one of those which Williams had printed over Austin's signature. It recites that the person named is on his way to Austin's colony and is given the certificate so that he will not be embarrassed by the action of Mexican officials in his journey. Dr. Barker in his Life of Austin devotes p. 319-320 to an interesting account of these certificates. The form of certificate described in Austin's letter of November 13, 1830, to M.B. Menard (Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 535-537) was almost certainly not printed. As it is unlikely that Austin's letter dated from Bexar on December 28, 1830, reached San Felipe and was acted on by Cotten by the time, on or before January 15, 1831, he had sold his Texas Gazette press to the printers of the Mexican Citizen. I have supplied the imprint of the latter to this piece.; Locations: Tx-LO. TxGR. TxU.

Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

[San Felipe de Austin: Printed by G.B. Cotten]. [1829]

10; [Form of promissory note reading in full:] $50.00 San Felipe de Austin, ----- Having been received by S.F. Austin, as one of the Settlers under his contracts with Government, in conformity with the terms published by him, 20th November, 1829; --I promise to pay to said S.F. Austin, or order, the sum of Fifty Dollars, in two payments, that is to say: Ten Dollars on receipt of my title for land as a Settler, under said contracts, and Forty Dollars, one year after the date of said title; to bear interest at the customary rates of this Colony, from the time it becomes due until paid; which payment I promise to make without defalcation; and I hereby renounce all the benefits, exemptions, and privileges of the laws, which I might use to retard or evade the prompt payment of said sums; and I execute this note in this language, because I do not understand Spanish. Witness. -----; Broadside. 7.5 x 19.8 cm.; Delivery of this promissory note was the fourth of the steps, outlined in the note to entry No. 9, taken by an immigrant in acquiring land in Texas. This form for a promissory note follows the terms outlined in Austin's Notice of November 20, 1829, entry No. 11. Austin, after having had Cotten print for him on November 20 the Notice and the certificates of admission, had these forms for a promissory note printed on November 30. Cotten's charge was $5, the number printed not being stated. These forms for notes were apparently reprinted from time to time as the copy in my collection, with the filled-in date of September 27, 1830, differs slightly in capitalization and punctuation from the copy of the first printing in the Austin Papers at the University of Texas, with the filled-in date December 2, 1829, from which the above entry is made.; Locations: TxSaA. TxU. TWS.

Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

[San Felipe de Austin: Printed by G.B. Cotten]. [1829]



9; [Form of certificate that a given person is admitted by Austin into his colony as a colonist, to be presented to the commissioner charged with issuing titles as proof of that fact. Text begins:] No.--El Ciudadano Estevan F. Austin, Empresario, para introducir Emigrados Estrangeros, en las Colonias ... Certifico, Que ----- es uno de los Colonos, que he introducido en virtud de mis contratos antes mencionados; que llego en esta Colonia el dia ----- del mes de -----, de año de 18--; ... Quedara nulo este documento, si el interesado no se presenta al dicho Comisionado con este, dentro de un mes, despues de publicarse en esta, un aviso publico al efecto;... [At end:] Villa de Austin, ----- de ----- de 18--; Broadside. 24.5 x 20 cm.; Among the 1829 and early 1830 products of the San Felipe press are printed forms for some of the steps in the process of making grants of land to immigrants. I do not ordinarily list forms, but as these grants were the foundation of the colonization of Texas, it seems suitable that the four essential printed forms used in the colonization process should be entered or noted here, with some of their variations listed in the notes. The steps to be taken by an immigrant are outlined clearly and specifically in Austin's Notice of November 20, 1829, entry No. 11. They were four in number. The first was the filing of a petition to be admitted as a colonist. The information required to be included in such a petition is outlined in the Notice just referred to. Cotten's printing bill (Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 562-563), under date of January 15, 1830, has a charge for printing "25 Petns." However, no copy of any of these petitions has been located. The next step was the delivery by the empresario or his agent to the immigrant of a certificate to be presented by the latter to the commissioner charged with issuing titles, stating that the immigrant had been admitted as a colonist. The present entry for such a certificate is discussed later in this note. The third step was the delivery to the colonist by a commissioner of an original and certified copy of a deed, the original to be filed at the Land Office and the certified copy to be kept by the grantee. Entry No. 13 is for forms printed in 1829 for deeds for Juan Antonio Padilla to fill out as Comisionado General. Deeds by commissioners for individual colonies are referred to in the note to the entry for the Padilla deeds. The fourth and final form, entry No. 10, is for the promissory note to be signed by the colonist on receiving his deed. The present entry for a certificate of admission, representing the second step in the procedure of obtaining land, is from a form filled in on December 23, 1829. At the end of the certificate are five lines to the effect that the certificate will not be valid if not presented within a month after public notice by the commissioner to that effect, or should it appear that the statements in the petition were false in any respect, or that the conditions in the notice of November 20, 1829, had not been complied with. The first charge for these is on Cotten's printing bill against Austin for the years 1829 and 1830, given in the Austin Papers, Vol. II, p. 562-563. An original certificate of admission in my collection, filled out by Samuel M. Williams for "Empresario Austin" Papers, Vol. II, p. 562-563. An original certificate of admission in my collection, filled out by Samuel M. Williams for "Empresario Austin" on June 2, 1831, is practically identical with the one entered here, except that the printed part of the date reads "183-" instead of "18-." There is a slightly shorter but quite similar printed form of certificate of admission into De Witt's colony in the General Land Office of Texas in Book 13, "Titles De Witt's Contract for 400 Families." This has the printed address, Villa de Gonzalez, and is signed in manuscript by Green De Witt, with the date January 25, 1830, filled in. There is a form for Wavell's colony lacking the warning in the last five lines of the Austin certificate. This is in the Milam Papers at the University of Texas with the address given as "my [sic] oficina dentro de la Colonia de Wavell." This is signed in manuscript by Ben. R. Milam, with the date January 19, 1831, filled in. Also in the Land Office is a certificate of admission into Austin and Williams' colony. This is much shorter than the earlier certificates. That has the printed address, Tenoxtitlan, and is signed in manuscript, "Spencer H. Jack Agente," with the date June 3, 1834, filled in. For an account of what little is known of Godwin Brown Cotten see the "Sketch of Printing" [located in Collection Information].; Locations: Tx. Tx-LO. TxGR. TxH. TxSaA. TWS.

Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

Dinner to Colonel Austin.

[Brazoria: Printed by F.C. Gray]. [1835]

56; [Text begins:] A public Dinner and Ball were given by the citizens of Brazoria on Tuesday 8th of September inst. [1835] to Col. Stephen F. Austin, on the occasion of his arrival from Mexico ... We hasten to lay before our fellow citizens the remarks of Col. Austin ...; Broadside in four columns. 31.3 x 39.2 cm.; When Austin landed at Velasco on September 1, 1835, after an absence of more than two years in Mexico, the great question agitating the Texans was whether to go ahead with the Consultation called for October 15. San Felipe was now controlled by the peace party, so called, which had opposed the meeting and had forbidden the election of delegates. All hung on what Austin would say at this public dinner in his honor on September 8. As Dr. Barker says in his Mexico and Texas, 1821-1835, Dallas [1928], p. 141: "If he approved the Consultation, elections would go forward with no further doubts; if he opposed, the plan would certainly fail, and would probably be abandoned. He had peace or war in his hands and the vast majority of the people would unquestionably accept what he gave." Austin came out unequivocably for the Consultation and ended his address with this toast, "The constitutional rights and the security and peace of Texas, they ought to be maintained; and jeopardized as they now are, they demand a general consultation of the people." Henry Austin's account of the dinner in a letter from Brazoria, dated September 10, 1835, to his sister, Mrs. Holly, is worth quoting (Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 120): "A Grand Dinner and Ball were got up for the occasion on two days notice ... the only thing I did not like was 7$ a head for ball and supper ... There were 60 covers and despite the short notice the table was three times filled by men alone. In the evening the long room was filled to a Jam at least 60 or 80 ladies who danced the sun up and the Oyster Creek girls would not have quit then had not the room been wanted for breakfast--you never saw such enthusiasm." This famous speech of Austin's to which, says Foote (Texas and the Texans, Vol. II, p. 60), "more than a thousand Anglo-Americans listened ... for nearly an hour with unbroken delight" has been often reprinted. (Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 116-119; Barker's Readings in Texas History, p. 209-212; Foote, as above, p. 60-65; Johnson and Barker, Texas and Texans, Vol. I, p. 258-261.); Locations: CU-B. TxU. TWS.



Reel: 1
Austin, Stephen Fuller, 1793-1836.

Letter from S.F. Austin to G. Borden, Jr.

[At end:] Printed at the Office of the "Telegraph," Columbia, Texas. [1836]

113; [Text begins:] Mr. G. Borden Jr.: Dear Sir, -- I have just received your letter of the 15th instant, informing me that great efforts are making to circulate reports and slanders, for the purpose of injuring me, at the election which is to be held on the first Monday of next month [Sept. 1836]. ... I feel but little anxiety, of a personal character, whether I am elected or not. ... To place before you in a succinct manner, the nature of the reports spoken of by you, I will recall to your mind a few facts in relation to the past. ... [Signed at end:] Respectfully, your fellow citizen, S.F. Austin.; Broadside in two columns. 41.9 x 28 cm.; The tragedy of Austin's career was that many Texans believed the charge spread by his enemies that he had shared in the gigantic land speculations engineered early in 1835 by his close associate Samuel M. Williams. Borden's letter had said that even some of Austin's "old devoted friends" wanted assurance that "he had no hand in the big land purchase."; Austin's letter is a noble apologia pro vita sua by a man who had spent himself for Texas and cared little whether or not he was elected. It had little effect and Houston was elected president of Texas by a great majority. Though the letter is undated here and in the reprinting in the Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 418-421, it is dated, Peach Point, August 18, in the printing in the Telegraph and Texas Register for August 23, 1836.; Locations: NcU (Southern Historical Collection). TxU. TWS.





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