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  • 50 multiple choice (50 points)

  • Constructed Response Questions (25 points)

  • Thematic Essay (25 points)




GLOBAL HISTORY I MIDTERM REVIEW PACKET
Midterm Review
Essential Themes




  1. What is culture?

  2. What is the “blueprint” of culture?

  3. How does geography impact a civilization?

  4. What are the positives and negatives of geographical features?

  5. What is cultural diffusion? Culture shock?

  6. What are the major social scientists?

  7. Where did most early river civilizations locate their society?

  8. What type of religion did most early river civilization develop?

  9. Why are law codes important to society? Give an example.

  10. How does religion impact society? How many different religions are there?

  11. What did the Greeks and Romans give to the United States? The

world?

  1. Why did Chinese refer to themselves as the middle kingdom? What is ethnocentrism?

  2. What was the significance of the Silk Road?

  3. What was the gold/salt trade?

  4. What is the caste system? Is this rigid or mobile?

  5. What was the Middle Ages?

  6. What roles did people play in feudalism?

  7. What role did the Catholic Church play in the Middle Ages?

  8. What was the impact of the Crusades?

Possible Essay Themes


Belief Systems

Golden Ages

Human and Physical Geography

Justice and Law



Movement of People and Goods



  1. historians

  2. archeologists

  3. social sciences

  4. geography

  5. social structure

  6. artifacts

  7. ethnocentrism

  8. interdependence

  9. primary source

  10. secondary source

  11. cultural diffusion

  12. culture

  13. hunter-gatherer

  14. Paleolithic Age

  15. Neolithic Revolution

  16. Fertile Crescent

  17. codified law

  18. Hammurabi’s Code

  19. dynasty

  20. hierarchy

  21. pharaoh

  22. cuneiform

  23. hieroglyphics

  24. pyramid

  25. ziggurat

  26. Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

  27. Mandate of Heaven

  28. Middle Kingdom

  29. polytheism

  30. monotheism

  31. democracy

  32. republic

  33. city-state

  34. polis

  35. Athens vs. Sparta

  36. Twelve Tables

  37. plebeians

  38. patricians

  39. consul

  40. senate

  41. golden age

  42. Pax Romana

  43. Holy Land

  44. Ten Commandments

  45. Torah

  46. Bible

  47. Koran

  48. Sharia

  49. Allah

  50. hajj

  51. Five Pillars of Islam

  52. Hegira

  53. mosque

  54. Mecca

  55. Ramadan

  56. caliph

  57. Code of Justinian

  58. Eastern Orthodox Christianity

  59. mosaics

  60. czar

  61. gold-salt trade

  62. Timbuktu

  63. animism

  64. Silk Road

  65. Hinduism

  66. caste system

  67. reincarnation

  68. karma

  69. dharma

  70. moksha

  71. ahimsa

  72. Bhagavad Gita

  73. Upansihids

  74. Vedas

  75. Buddhism

  76. Rock Edicts (Asoka)

  77. nirvana

  78. Four Noble Truths

  79. Eightfold Path

  80. Tripitaka

  81. Confucianism

  82. filial piety

  83. Five Relationships

  84. civil service examinations

  85. Analects

  86. Legalism

  87. Daoism

  88. yin-yang

  89. feudalism

  90. fief

  91. lords

  92. vassals

  93. manor

  94. manoralism

  95. knights

  96. chivalry

  97. shogun

  98. bushido

  99. samurai

Important People to Remember For Global History
Hammurabi, Pericles, Alexander the Great, Shi Huangdi, Wudi, Mansa Musa, Asoka, Justinian, Charlemagne



Person

Society

Role

Contributions and Achievements


































































































What is culture? What is ethnocentrism? What is economic interdependence? Give examples. What is cultural diffusion? Be specific.
What are the social sciences? (HEGSAP) What does each social scientist study? Give a concrete example.
Give examples of geographic features. Name positive and negative aspects of geography and how it impacted different civilizations.
Use key words to describe these time periods:

Paleolithic Period


Neolithic Period (Neolithic Revolution)







Early River Civilizations

Why did all river valley civilizations flourish around rivers? What are the similarities between the four river valley civilizations?


Early River Valley Civilizations

Characteristics of the Civilization (geography, religion, contributions)



Ancient Egypt





Ancient Mesopotamia (Fertile Crescent)



  • Hammurabi’s Code (Babylonian)


Indus River Valley (India)

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro








Huang He (China)





Classical Civilizations

Greece: How does geography affect its development?




  • City-states (polis)

  • Athens vs. Sparta (similarities, differences, etc.)

  • Pericles

  • Direct democracy in Athens – was it a true democracy? Did everyone participate?

  • Alexander the Great – Hellenistic Culture – examples

  • Lasting contributions – give concrete examples

Rome: How does Rome’s geography affect its development?




  • Roman Republic

  • 12 Tables of Law

  • Senate

  • Augustus

  • Roman Contributions – examples

China:



  • Mandate of Heaven – Dynastic Cycle

  • Qin (Chin) Dynasty – Shi Huangdi

    • Great Wall

  • Han Dynasty – Wudi

    • Silk Road – explain its importance

    • Contributions

India:



  • Maurya Empire – Asoka

    • Asoka’s Rock Edicts

    • Religious tolerance

  • Gupta (Golden Age)

    • Contributions


Rise and Fall of Great Empires


  • How is the rise of the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire similar?

  • How is the decline of the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire similar?

  • What happened as a result of the fall of the Han Dynasty and Roman Empire?


Belief Systems

What are the characteristics of the major belief systems? How are they similar and different? How did major religions affect cultures?

How did belief systems spread over large areas?


  • Buddhism

  • Christianity

  • Confucianism

  • Hinduism

  • Islam

  • Judaism

  • Legalism

  • Taoism (Daoism)

  • Shintoism



Golden Age of Islamic Empire (800s - 1200s)

  • Contributions of Muslims



Spread of Islam – split between Islamic faith


        • Sunnis

        • Shiites


Mughal Dynasty in India:

  • Akbar the Great – Muslim ruler, was tolerant to Hindus



West African Kingdoms: (Ghana, Mali, Songhai) (800 – 1600)


How did Islam impact all three kingdoms?

What was the main source of wealth for all three kingdoms?



What trade routes did all three kingdoms control?
The Byzantine Empire: (330 –1453)

  • Justinian

  • Code of Justinian

  • Great Schism

  • Differences between the Eastern Orthodox Church vs. Roman Catholic Church

  • Impact on Russia – Cyrillic alphabet, Eastern Orthodoxy, czars



Medieval Europe


  • Charlemagne

  • Feudalism – self-sufficient

  • Manorialism

  • Rigid social structure (people in feudal society)

  • Importance of Roman Catholic Church

  • Crusades

  • Rise of Towns and Cities

  • Black Plague


Japanese Feudalism

  • Rigid social structure (people in feudal society)

  • Comparison to European feudalism


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