Tallahassee- after Spanish ceded Florida to us, Tallahassee became the state’s capital and people were encouraged to settle in Florida. Land was cheap and people could bring slaves as well as cotton. St. Augustine



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The demand for natural resources in the South grew with the growth of factories. ¾ of Southerners did NOT own slaves and many were yeoman farmers who grew their own vegetables; made own goods.

Renewable Resources: natural resources that replace themselves over time. Ex: tree, water, fish

Non Renewable Resources: natural resources that cannot replace themselves fast enough for human usage Ex: fossil fuel- coal, oil, natural gas



Florida

Payne’s Landing- Treaty of Moultie Creek forced Seminoles to move to this reservation in central Florida. The US promised money, food, and supplies if the move was peaceful and allowed road building in the area. Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act in 1830 and some members of the Seminole Tribe signed the treaty. Chief Osceola was furious because he said the ones who signed the treaty did

not speak for all the tribe. The gov’t ignored his concern and sent US troops under the direction of Wiley Thompson to force removal.



Tallahassee- After Spanish ceded Florida to US, Tallahassee became the state’s capital and people were encouraged to settle in Florida. Land was cheap and people could bring slaves as well as cotton.

St. Augustine- here Spanish land claims were settled and people were moving to Florida saying they purchased land from Spain or was given land as a gift; this was a very diverse city: African Americans, Seminoles, Europeans all settled here. In 1836, a road was build to join St. Augustine and Pensacola.

Jacksonville- Steamboats travelled along the coast to transport goods and pioneers. The St. Johns’s River helped bring supplies to troops who were fighting the Seminole Wars

Fort Brooke- here the Second Seminole War was sparked when Osceola and his tribe killed men in the Dade Massacre. The village here is called Tampa and Cuban people are settling ere to escape their government. General Jessup finally captures Chief Osceola as he tricks the chief into coming for a peace meeting.

Like most Southern state, Florida’s economy was based on agriculture. The Kingsley plantation was unique. It used the "task" system, which allowed slaves to work at a craft or tend their own gardens once the specified task for the day was completed and to keep the profit of anything they produced. Mr. Kingsley married a woman, Anna, he bought as a slave. He freed her along with their children. Mr. Kingsley left the plantation to Anna in his will. She fought to maintain control of the plantation after his death. Florida had a hard time attracting settlers because of the heat and mosquitos. Mosquitos carry malaria. Malaria symptoms include; high fevers, shaking chills, flu-like symptoms, and anemia. John Gorrie was a Florida doctor that invented an ice machine to cool rooms and keep his patients more comfortable in 1835. He is considered the father of modern day air conditioning.



Important Floridians

John Gorrie invented an ice machine to cool rooms which later inspired the invention of the air conditioner.



Felix Varela- dedicated to social reform; Spanish priest

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