A country that has been controlled since 1949 by the Republic of China fights for their independence from Communism.
How did this conflict happen?
This conflict had happened due to the cause that in 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. At the end of WWII, Taiwan reverted back to Chinese control. At the end of China’s civil war in 1949, 2 million defeated Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan and formed a government there using the 1946 constitution that was drawn up for all of China, as the Communists, who were under the lead of Mao Zedong, swept to power and took over. China then claimed sovereignty over Taiwan.
What is the conflict?
The conflict between Taiwan and China is that China claimed sovereignty over Taiwan in 1949, due to the Japanese taking Taiwan from China, who originally owned Taiwan before the Japanese took it over. When Taiwan wanted to become independent, China would not let them. The Chinese government, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), uses its military strengths to scare the Taiwanese officials, who are apart of the Republic of China (ROC), which is the government of Taiwan, into not separating from China, or else they would start a major war.
Who/what are the countries, key players, and parties involved with this?
Key players involved would be the Japanese, Mao Zedong of the Communist Party of China, President Ma Ying-jeou of Taiwan, Chen Shui-bian, who is the predecessor of President Ma, and Chinese President Hu Jintao. President obama is also currently trying to help the relationship between the countries. The different parties involved are the Nationalist Party and the Communist Party.
How has the conflict changed throughout its history?
This conflict has been in a flux change. The tensions were eased when President Ma came to office in Taiwan in March of 2008, due to him being “China-friendly”. However, Chen Shui-bian had angered China with moves towards formal independence, and relations had been severely strained. Taiwanese officials complain that Beijing keeps increasing the number of short range missiles aimed at Taiwan, which is due to Taiwan’s want for independence and to scare the Taiwanese into shutting down all riots and to keep control of Taiwan, instead of allowing them to go independent.
How has this conflict affected other countries/people?
This conflict has affected the United States due to the U.S. having relations with both China and Taiwan. China insists that nations cannot have official relations with both China and Taiwan, with the result that Taiwan has formal diplomatic ties with only two dozen countries - Pacific, South American and African states are the main - so the United States has often been dealing with both countries to try and help resolve this conflict.
What steps have been taken to help solve this conflict? What could be done?
Recently, President Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao met and pointed out five areas of emphasis in a joint statement. They included the U.S.-China relations, building and deepening both sides’ strategic trust, economic cooperation and global recovery, regional and global challenges, and climate change, energy and the environment. The affects that this statement has on Taiwan differs from the many different views seen. I see it as a strong base for settling the conflict of China and Taiwan both having the same relations as the other, and that this conflict will be resolved sooner.
In the political cartoon above, China aims more and more advanced weapons at Taiwan to further control the little, defenseless country, to scare them into surrendering and not wanting to rebel or riot against the Chinese government.