Table of Cases



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Table of Cases

A v Australia Communication No 560/1993, UN Doc CCPR/C/59/D/560/1993, 170

Aboriginal Legal Rights Movement v SA (1995) EOC 92–759, 266

Aegean Sea Continental Shelf, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1978, p 3, 86

Affaire du Lac Lanoux (Espagne/France) (1957) 12 UNRIAA 281, 53, 87

AG v Quinn (1990) 170 CLR 1, 234

Ainsworth v Criminal Justice Commission (1992) 175 CLR 564, 243

Airlines of NSW Pty Ltd v New South Wales (No 2) (1965) 113 CLR 54, 225

Al Adsani v Government of Kuwait Unreported, 12 March 1996, Eng CA, 119, 120, 124

Alicog v Saudi Arabia, 860 F Supp 379 (SD Tex 1994), 107

Andersen v Central Authority for New Zealand, 11 June 1996, unreported decision of the New Zealand Court of Appeal, 250

Andes Boundary Case (Argentina/Chile) (1902) 9 UNRIAA 35, 53

Annetts v McCann (1990) 170 CLR 596, 243

Argentine Republic v Amerada Hess Shipping Corp 488 US 428 at 439 (1989), 106, 109, 110, 119

Argentine–Brazil Boundary Arbitration (1899) Stuyt No 157, 47

Argentine–Chile Frontier Case (1966) 16 UNRIAA 111, 51

Artso and Artso (1995) FLC 92–566, 262

Asylum Case ICJ Rep 1950, p 266, 228

Attorney-General (Can) v Ward (1993) 103 DLR (4th) 1, 239

Australian Iron & Steel Pty Ltd v Banovic (1989) 168 CLR 165, 265

Australian Medical Council v Wilson (1996) 137 ALR 653, 264

Austria v Italy Application No 788/60 [1961] Yearbook of the European Convention on Human Rights (1962) at 116, 143

Avon Down Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation (1949) 78 CLR 353, 234

Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1970, p 3, 143

Barton v Commonwealth (1974) 131 CLR 477, 223

Barzideh v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1996) 69 FCR 417, 245

Beagle Channel Arbitration (Argentina v Chile) (1979) 52 ILR 93, 44, 48, 50, 52, 58, 59, 64, 65

Biljabu (and others) v Western Australia (1995) 183 CLR 370, 152

Bolanos-Hernandez v Immigration and Naturalization Service (1984) 767 F 2d 1277, 239

Boundary Case Between Bolivia and Peru (Bolivia v Peru) (1909) 11 UNRIAA 133, 45, 52

Bradley v Commonwealth (1973) 128 CLR 557, 223

Brazil–British Guiana Boundary Arbitration (1904) 11 UNRIAA 18, 51, 53

Brown v Lizars (1905) 2 CLR 837, 223

C v C (Abduction: Rights of Custody) [1989] 1 WLR 654, 251, 256

Calvin v Carr [1977] 2 NSWLR 308, 243

Canada (Minister for Citizenship & Immigration) v Mohamud (1995) 98 FTR 83, 247

Canton of Valais v Canton of Tessin (1987) 75 ILR 114, 66

Case Concerning Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v United States) Merits, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1986, p 14, 103

Case Concerning the Arbitral Award made by the King of Spain on 23 December 1906, Judgment of 18 November 1960, ICJ Rep 1960, p 192, 54, 94

Case Concerning the Arbitral Award of 31 July 1989 (Guinea-Bissau v Senegal) (1990) 83 ILR 1, 41, 58, 64, 67, 71

Case Concerning the Northern Cameroons (Cameroon v United Kingdom), Preliminary Objections, Judgment of 2 December 1963, ICJ Rep 1963, p 15, 50, 94

Case Concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v Thailand), Merits, Judgment of 15 June 1962, ICJ Rep 1962, p 6, 66

Castlemaine Tooheys Ltd v South Australia (1990) 169 CLR 436, 151

Chan v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1989) 169 CLR 379, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 238, 239

Chheng Phea Rith v Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs (1996) 64 FCR at 172, 238

Chief Ominayak v Canada, Communication No 167/1984, Report of the Human Rights Committee UN Doc A/45/40 (1990), vol 2, p 1, 155, 156

Chow Hung Ching v R (1948) 77 CLR 449, 223

Chu Kheng Lim v Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs (1992) 176 CLR 1, 226, 241

Clarke v Carson [1996] 1 NZLR 349, 250, 251

Columbian-Peruvian Asylum Case, Judgment of 20 November 1950, ICJ Rep 1950, p 266, 39

Commonwealth v HREOC (Dopking’s Case) (1995) 133 ALR 629, 265

Commonwealth v Tasmania (Tasmanian Dam case) (1983) 158 CLR 1, 221, 224, 225, 226, 259

Continental Shelf (Tunisia/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya), Judgment, ICJ Rep 1982, p 18, 41

Cooper v Aaron, 358 US 1 at 18 (1958)., 72

Costa Rica v Panama (1911) 2 UNRIAA 1307 at 1354, 51

Cunliffe v Commonwealth (1994) 182 CLR 272, 239

De L v Director-General, NSW Department of Community Services (1996) 187 CLR 640, 247, 254, 255

De Letelier v Republic of Chile, 488 F Supp 665 (DDC 1980), 107, 116, 121, 122, 123

Delohery v Permanent Trustee Co (NSW) (1904) 1 CLR 283, 40

Denegri v Chile unreported, 6 April 1992 (DDC), 109

Dietrich v R (1992) 177 CLR 292, 168, 190

Director-General, Department of Community Services v Crowe [1996] FLC 83, 253

Diversion of Water from the River Meuse, Judgment, (1937) PCIJ Ser A/B, No 70, p 77, 52

Dubai-Sharjah Border Arbitration (1993) 91 ILR 543, 43

Duff Development Co Ltd v Government of Kelantan [1924] AC 797, 76

Ealing London Borough Council v Race Relations Board [1972] AC 342, 266

East Timor (Portugal v Australia) Judgment, ICJ Rep 1995, p 90, 38

Elbourne v Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs (1991) 22 ALD 211, 243

Environment Protection Authority v Caltex Refining Co Pty Ltd (1993) 178 CLR 477, 168, 190

EQ and AQ v Uruguay, UN Doc A/38/40, 98

Federal Commission of Taxation v Brian Hatch Timber Co (Sales) Pty Ltd (1972) 128 CLR 28, 234

Federal Commissioner of Taxation v Bayly (1952) 86 CLR 506, 234

Federal Commissioner of Taxation v Jackson (1990) 27 FCR 1, 234

Fernandez v Government of Singapore [1971] 1 WLR 987, 235

Filartiga v Pena-Irala 630 F 2d 876 (CA2 1980), 102, 114, 119

Fisheries case, Judgment of 18 December 1951, ICJ Rep 1951, p 116, 49, 53

Fisheries Jurisdiction (United Kingdom v Iceland), Judgment, ICJ Rep 1973, p 3, 60

Foster v Globe Venture Syndicate [1900] 1 Ch 881, 76

Fothergill v Monarch Airlines Limited [1981] AC 251, 259

Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex, Judgment, (1932) PCIJ Ser. A/B, No 46, pp 153–58, 60

Friedrich v Friedrich 983 F 2d 1396 (6th Cir 1993)., 261

Frontier Dispute, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1986, p 554, 39, 41

Frontier Dispute, Provisional Measures, Order of 10 January 1986, ICJ Rep 1986, p 3, 41

Frontières Colombo–Vénézuéliennes (1922) 1 UNRIAA 225, 44, 46

Gerhardy v Brown (1985) 159 CLR 7, 149, 150, 151

Grisbadarna case (1909) 2 UNRIAA 147, 91

Guinea–Guinea-Bissau Maritime Delimitation Case (1988) 77 ILR 635, 41

Gulf Oil Corp v Gilbert 330 US 501 (US Sup Ct 1947), 122

Guo Wei Rong and Pan Run Juan v
Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs [1996] 64 FCR 151, 236


Hartford Fire Insurance Co v California 125 L Ed 2d 612 (US Sup Ct 1993), 125

Hilao v Marcos, 25 F 3d 1467 at 1472 (9th Cir 1994), 114

Holubek v US (1961) 40 ILR 73, 106

Honduras Borders (Guatemala / Honduras) (1933) 2 UNRIAA 1307, 46, 51, 52, 94

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission v Secretary, Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs unreported decision of Federal Court of Australia, 243

Hurt v Minister for Manpower and Immigration (1978) 21 NR 525 (FCA), 247

Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, Minister for v Teoh (1995) 183 CLR 273, 222

Immigration and Naturalization Service v Cardoza-Fonseca (1987) 480 US 421, 236

Immigration and Naturalization Service v Elias-Zacarias (1992) 112 S Ct 812, 239

In Marriage of Hanbury-Brown [1996] 130 FLR 252, 253, 257

In Re Danish State Railways in Germany (1953) 20 ILR 178, 117

In Re Estate of Ferdinand Marcos, 94 F 3d 539 at 548 (9th Cir 1996), 110, 111, 114

Indiana v Kentucky 136 US 479 (1889), 53

Indo-Pakistan Western Boundary (Rann of Kutch) case (India v Pakistan) (1976) 50 ILR 1, 43

Interpretation of Article 3, Paragraph 2, of the Treaty of Lausanne, Advisory Opinion, (1925) PCIJ Ser B, No 12, p 22, 43

Island of Palmas case (Netherlands/USA) (1928) 2 UNRIAA 829, 43, 48, 49, 53, 59

Jago v District Court of New South Wales (1988) 12 NSWLR 558, 190

James Buchanan and Co Ltd v Babco Forwarding and Shipping (UK) Ltd [1978] AC 141, 246

Jamorski v Attorney-General of Ontario (1988) DLR (4th) 426, 266

Jaworzina, Advisory Opinion, (1923) PCIJ Ser B, No 8, pp 32 33, 48, 77

John Doe v UNOCAL Corp, 963 F Supp 880 (CD Cal 1997), 108

Kadic v Karadzic, 70 F 3d 232 at 245 (2nd Cir 1995), 114

Kainhofer v DPP, unreported Judgment, Full Federal Court of Australia, 17 September 1996, 263

Kitok v Sweden, Communication No 197/1985, UN Doc CCPR/C/33/D/197/1985 (1988), 155

Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen; State of Queensland v Commonwealth (1982) 153 CLR 168, 185, 221

Land and Maritime Boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria, Provisional Measures, ICJ Rep 1996, p 13, 42, 58

Land, Island and Maritime Frontier Dispute (El Salvador/Honduras); Constitution of Chamber, Order of 8 May 1987, ICJ Rep 1987, p 10, 48

Land, Island and Maritime Frontier Dispute (El Salvador/Honduras: Nicaragua intervening), Judgment of 11 September 1992, ICJ Rep 1992, p 351, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 59, 64, 96

Lansmann v Finland, Communication No 511/1992, UN Doc CCPR/C/52/D/511/1992 (1994) para 9.3, 155, 156

Legal Consequences for States of the Continued presence of South Africa in Namibia (South West Africa) notwithstanding Security Council Resolution 276 (1970), Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep 1971, p 16, 38, 141

Legal Status of Eastern Greenland, Judgment, (1933) PCIJ Ser A/B, No 53, 50, 91

Levesque v Levesque (1993) 816 F Supp 662, 252

Lindon v Commonwealth (1996) 136 ALR 251, 229

Louisiana v Mississippi, 201 US 1 (1906), 86

Lovelace v Canada, Communication No 24/1977, 155

Lu Wu Wei v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, Federal Court of Australia (23 August 1996), 230

Mabo (No 1) (1988) 166 CLR 186, 138, 167

Mabo v Queensland (No 2) (1992) 175 CLR 1, 22, 127, 185, 241

Mahdi v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (1994) 86 FTR 299, 247

Maritime Delimitation between Guinea-Bissau and Senegal, Order of 8 November 1995, ICJ Rep 1995, p 423, 64

McAuliffe v Secretary, Department of Social Security (1992) 28 ALD 609, 234

McCall and McCall; State Central Authority (Applicant); Attorney-General (Intervener) (1995) FLC 92–551, 254

McKeel v Islamic Republic of Iran, 722 F 2d 583 (9th Cir 1983), 107

McKelvey v Meagher (1906) 4 CLR 2, 224

Medical Board of Victoria v Meyer (1937) 58 CLR 62, 181

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade v Magno (1992) 37 FCR 298, 231, 246

Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh (1995) 183 CLR 273, 168, 190, 241, 242

Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Wu Shan Liang (1996) 185 CLR 259, 233

Minister for Immigration v Buksh (1992) 26 ALD 399, 243

Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs v Mok (1994) 55 FCR 375, 233, 234, 238

Minority Schools in Albania (1935) PCIJ Ser A/B No 64, p 17, 145

Minquiers and Ecrehos case, Judgment of 17 November, 1953, ICJ Rep 1953, p 47, 48, 49

Monastery of Saint-Naoum (1924) PCIJ Ser B, No 9, p 21, 48

Murray v Director, Family Services (ACT) [1993] FLC 92–416, 252

Mushikiwabo v Barayagwiza unreported, 9 April 1996 (SDNY), 115

Mutombo v Switzerland (1994) 1(3) IHRR 122, 99

Nagalingam v Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs (1992) 38 FCR 191, 245

Nationality Decrees Issued in Tunis and Morocco, Advisory Opinion, (1923) PCIJ Ser B, No 4, 60

North Sea Continental Shelf, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1969, p 3, 68, 76, 228

Paul v Avril, 812 F Supp 207 (SD Fla 1993), 115

Polyukhovich v Commonwealth of Australia (1991) 172 CLR 501, 223, 228

Pozzolanic Enterprises Pty Ltd v Collector of Customs (1993) 43 FCR 280, 234

Princz v Germany 26 F 3d 1166 (DC Cir 1994), 111

Prosecutor v Dusko Tadic a/k/a/ 'Dule' (Opinion and Judgment of 7 May 1997), Case No IT-94-1-T (extracts reprinted in (1997) 36 ILM 980), 76

Queen v Hollingshed and Rodgers Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory 11 May 1993 (unreported), 190

R v Burgess; ex parte Henry (1936) 55 CLR 608, 178, 224

R v Carter; ex parte Kisch (1934) 52 CLR 221, 180

R v Home Secretary; ex parte Sivakumaran [1988] AC 958, 236

Rajaratnam v Rajaratnam-Hertig [1996] FLC 92–674, 252

Re B In the marriage of (Minors), Cooper v Casey (1995) FLC 92–575, 262

Re Bassi (1994) FLC 92–465, 254

Re E (A Minor) (Abduction) [1989] 1 FLR 135, 261

Re F [1995] 3 All ER 641, 254

Re HK (An Infant) (1967) 2 QB 617, 242

Re J [1990] 2 AC 562, 261, 262

Re Labrador Boundary (1927) 43 TLR 289, 48

Re Pergamon Press Ltd (1971) Ch 388, 243

Re R (A Minor: Abduction) [1992] 1 FLR 105, 250

Red Nacional de Ferrocariles Espanoles v Mrs Cavaille (1984) 65 ILR 41, 117

Reiner Jacobi v USA & Chris Owens [1996] 962 FCA, 262

Richardson v Forestry Commission (1988) 164 CLR 261, 227

Robert E Brown Case (US v GB) (1923) 6 RIAA 120, 104

Rydder v Rydder 49 F 3d 369 (1995), 262

S v S (Child Abduction) (Child’s Views) [1992] 2 FLR 492, 250, 255

SA v Temple (1993) FLC 92–365, 254

Saudi Arabia v Nelson 113 S Ct 1471 (1993), 108, 109, 112

Siderman De Blake v Republic of Argentina 965 F 2d 699, 109, 110, 111, 119

Simsek v Macphee (1982) 148 CLR 636, 223

Smith v Libya 101 F 3d 239 (2nd Cir 1996), 111, 113

South West Africa, Second Phase, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1966, p 6, 102, 147

Sovereignty over Certain Frontier Land, Judgment, ICJ Rep 1959, p 209, 48, 59

Spiliada Maritime Corp v Cansulex Ltd [1987] AC 460 (HL), 122

State Central Authority v McCall (1995) FLC 92–552, 262

State of South Australia v State of Victoria [1914] AC 283, 53

Street v Queensland Bar Association (1989) 168 CLR 461, 151

T v Secretary of State for the Home Department [1995] 1 WLR 545, 239

Taba Award (Arbitral Award in the Dispute Concerning Certain Boundary Pillars between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel) (1989) 80 ILR 224, 65, 66, 67

Tasmania v Commonwealth (183) 158 CLR 1, 185

Thomson v Thomson [1994] 3 SCR 551, 251

Tournai v Mechoulam decision WMFHN–1, Supreme Court of Israel, 15 April 1992, 252

Trajano v Marcos, 978 F 2d 493 at 497 (9th Cir 1992), 114, 115

Turkish-Armenian Boundary case (1920), in Digest of International Law (1940) vol I, p 715, 53

Victoria v Commonwealth (Industrial Relations case) (1996) 187 CLR 416, 221, 249

Virginia v Tennessee, 148 US 503 (1893), 39, 53

Voth v Manildra Flour Mills (1990) 171 CLR 538, 122

Walker v Baird [1892] AC 491, 223

Water Conservation and Irrigation Commission (NSW) v Browning (1947) 74 CLR 492, 249

Waters v Public Transport Corporation (1991) 173 CLR 349, 265

Western Australia v Commonwealth (1995) 183 CLR 373, 138, 152, 168

Western Sahara, Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep 1975, p 12, 68

Wik Peoples v Queensland (1996) 141 CLR 129, 127, 132, 133, 134, 144, 158

Wu v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (1995) 57 FCR 432, 238

Wu Yu Fang v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, unreported decision, Federal Court of Australia, 240

Xuncax v Gramajo 886 F Supp 162 at 175 (D Mass 1995), 115

Yager v R (1977) 139 CLR 28, 121

Yesus v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs, 231

Zamora [1916] AC 77, 186

ZP v PS (1994) 181 CLR 639, 249

Index

Aaland Islands, 76, 78

Abi-Saab, Judge, 55

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (see also indigenous peoples; native title)

Commission, 161, 169, 316

communities, 129

deaths in custody, 171

Land Fund, 154, 171, 360

peoples, 129, 130, 149, 152, 171, 314, 342

Pitjantjatjara, 149, 150

reserves, 135

Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, 140, 171, 172, 315

Social Justice Commissioner, 128, 153, 157, 211, 171

absolute immunity, 104, 115, 116, 117

abuse of sovereign powers, 108

Abyssinia, 178

administrative law, 190, 240

affirmative action, 148

Afkhami, Mahnaz, 9

Africa, 1, 4, 10, 14, 28, 41, 42, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 63, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 80, 91, 93, 95, 104, 116, 210, 325, 344, 346, 404, 434, 445, 446
pre-colonial, 69

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, 4, 28

Air Navigation Act 1920, 272, 389

Air Navigation Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996


No 113, 272

Air Navigation Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 340, 273

Airports (Protection of Airspace) Regulations SR 1996 No 293, 273

Airports Act 1996, 269, 273

Ajibola, Judge, 59, 60, 63

Albania, 92, 302, 310, 418, 424

Algeria, 301, 302, 310, 424

Alien Tort Claims Act 1789, 114, 115

Alma Ata Declaration, 73

Alston, Professor Philip, 189



Amerada Hess, 110, 119

American Convention on Human Rights, 4, 144

Amnesty International, 97, 210, 326, 337, 340, 345

Anaya, Jim, 167, 172

Anglo-Egyptian Treaty, 65

Antarctic, 50, 199, 200, 201, 419, 420, 421

Antiterrorism and Death Penalty Act 1996, 113

Arab States, 89

Argentina, 50, 64, 76, 95, 111, 119, 195, 295, 302, 310, 418, 424, 436

Armenia, 81, 82, 302, 310, 418, 424

Armond-Ugon, Judge, 59

Asmis, Dr Rudolf, 180

Australian Broadcasting Commission, 175

Australian Commerce and Industry Office, 272

Australian courts, 108, 110, 121, 127, 128, 130, 132, 134, 138, 139, 149, 150, 151, 152, 154, 165, 167, 168,

Australian courts (continued)

171, 180, 181, 182, 186, 221, 224, 229, 230, 231, 233, 234, 235, 236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 245, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 255, 257, 263, 264, 265, 266, 315, 361, 381, 383. 385, 461, 463

Australian Dairy Corporation, 270

Australian Democrats, 134, 136

Australian Foreign States Immunities Act 1985 (Cth), 105, 121

Australian Government, 120, 127, 129, 131, 133, 134, 135, 136, 138, 139, 145, 149, 153, 154, 162, 165, 170, 171, 173, 176, 177, 180, 181, 182, 185, 187, 189, 216, 225, 228, 241, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 294, 296, 299, 300, 301, 305, 306, 308, 309, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 320, 328, 332, 334, 336, 338, 341, 342, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 392, 393, 394, 397, 400, 401, 402, 404, 406, 410, 411, 413, 414, 415, 417, 419, 421, 423, 424, 431, 438, 440, 442, 444, 446, 447, 449, 451, 452, 453, 456, 459, 460, 461, 464

Australian Institute of Political Science, 184

Australian Labor Party, 134

Australian Law Reform Commission, 151, 269

Australian law schools, 175, 184, 215

Australian Medical Council, 264

Australian pastoral industry, 132

Australian Reconciliation Convention, 1997, 169

Australian Round Table Group, 184

Australian Sports Drug Agency, 269, 273, 464

Australian Sports Drug Agency Act 1990, 273

Australian Treaty Series, 295, 310, 368, 371

Australian universities, 139, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 182, 184, 185, 188, 189, 190

Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation, (see Native title legislation)

Austria, 80, 117, 194, 263, 302, 310, 418, 424

Austro-Hungarian Empire, 77, 80, 83

Azerbaijan, 81, 92, 302, 424

Badinter Arbitration Commission, 71, 77, 84, 85, 158, 159

Bahamas, 286, 301, 302, 310, 351, 424

Bahrain, 301, 302, 310, 353, 425

Bailey, Sir Kenneth, 184, 185, 189

Balcombe, Lord Justice, 250, 255, 261

Baltic States, 49, 83

Bangladesh, 72, 93, 302, 310, 352, 353, 418, 425

Barbados, 302, 310

Barwick, Chief Justice


Sir Garfield, 183, 223

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 271, 275, 411, 413, 414, 415, 416, 420

Beagle Channel Arbitration, 50, 58, 64

Beaumont, Justice Mohammed, 21, 64, 236, 238, 239, 240, 447

Belarus, 302, 310, 425

Belgium, 59, 105, 302, 310, 425

Belize, 286, 302

Benin, 302, 310, 425

Bill of Rights, Australia, 1, 6, 20, 21, 27, 167, 208, 210

Biological Weapons Convention, 277, 389, 399, 429, 433

Black, Chief Justice, 264, 265, 267

Blackburn, Sir Richard, 190

Bolivia, 45, 52, 302, 310, 425

Bosnia, 71, 72, 77, 84, 91, 92, 95, 210, 273, 274, 310, 341

Botswana, 302, 310

Bowen, Sir Nigel, 184

Brazil, 47, 116, 275, 310, 418, 425, 436

Brennan, Chief Justice Sir Gerard, 22, 151, 153, 168, 185, 190, 223, 234, 248, 260

Britain, 2, 30, 46, 47, 49, 54, 65, 69, 94, 95, 105, 118, 119, 121, 175, 178, 181, 182, 186, 187, 188, 193, 194, 223, 269, 299, 304, 313, 368, 394, 410, 419, 428, 432, 435, 439, 440, 441, 443, 445, 451, 457, 460, 467

Brunei Darussalam, 425, 460

Bulgaria, 78, 82, 116, 310, 425

Burgmann, Bishop Ernest, 182

Burkina Faso, 302, 310, 425

Burma


SLORC regime, 108

Burmese farmers, 108

Burundi, 94, 302, 310, 326, 340, 344, 402, 425

Butler, Judith, 7, 15, 33

Butler-Sloss, Lord Justice, 256

Cairo Declaration, 55, 56, 57, 58, 63

Cambodia, 302, 310, 323, 324, 338, 342, 352, 401, 425, 455

Cambridge University, 177

Cameroon, 50, 58, 302, 310, 353, 425

Northern Cameroons Trust Territory, 50

Canada, 21, 22, 41, 53, 86, 116, 118, 163, 187, 193, 194, 239, 266, 269, 310, 352, 389, 395, 425, 451, 464, 467

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 266

Cape York Land Council, 153

Capotorti, Francesco, 147

Carr, Justice, 242, 243

Central African Republic, 286, 302, 310, 425

Central America, 14, 40, 44, 45, 51, 58, 59, 68, 77, 96, 104, 116, 286, 434, 450

Central Authority of New Zealand (see New Zealand)

Central Authority of the United States (see United States of America)

Central Europe, 42, 63, 81, 93, 156, 177, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258

Central Forestry Board, 156

Chad, 63, 302, 310, 425

Chakrabarty, Dipesh, 30, 31, 34

Challis Chair of International Law, 179

Charlesworth, Professor Hilary, 189

Charter of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 81

Charter of the Organization of African Unity, 55, 58, 63, 64, 344

Charter of the United Nations (see United Nations Charter)

Charter of the United Nations Act 1945, 273

Charteris, Archibald Hamilton, 175, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190

Cheah, Pheng, 33

Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation, 273

Child Abduction Regulations, Australia, 247, 249, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258

Chile, 50, 52, 64, 76, 302, 310, 351, 418, 425

China, 2, 116, 208, 230, 233, 236, 237, 240, 241, 276, 286, 302, 310, 327, 338, 353, 359, 407, 408, 409, 417, 418, 425, 435, 439, 440, 441, 443, 446, 464

Christmas Island, 233, 294, 419

Cold War, 2, 19, 20, 21, 35, 85, 89, 137, 198, 341, 397, 398, 403, 446, 464
post, 20, 22, 367, 402, 431

Coleman Phillipson, Professor, 176

Colombia, 51, 76, 289, 302, 310, 351, 425

Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, 276, 297, 410

Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (Privileges and Immunities) Regulations SR 1996 No 40, 276

Commission of Jurists, 76

Commonwealth diplomatic service, Australia, 176

Commonwealth law, 224, 317

Commonwealth of Australia, 122, 131, 136, 145, 150, 152, 153, 169, 176, 177, 181, 186, 187, 208, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 231, 259, 269, 272, 289, 290, 291, 293, 297, 305, 306, 307, 308, 315, 317, 328, 334, 335, 348, 361, 363, 365, 369, 371, 375, 380, 383, 384, 387, 389, 392, 422, 423, 424, 467

Comoros, 302, 418, 425

Complaints (AFP) Act 1981, 244

Confucianism, 12

Congo, 302, 310, 425

Constitution of Australia, 138, 152, 167, 185, 189, 210, 221, 226, 249, 258

constitutional law, 199, 217

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 99, 100, 102, 103, 109, 110, 124, 126, 170, 356, 361

Committee against Torture, 99, 100

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, 276, 297

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, 357

Convention on Chemical Weapons, 277, 389

Convention on Commerce and Navigation, 186

Convention on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) 1958, 222, 227, 228

Convention on Equal Remuneration 1951, 222, 227

Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise 1948, 222

Convention on International Civil Aviation, 269, 300

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, 278, 390

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, 25, 26, 222, 227

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, 4, 171, 172, 321, 357

Convention on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 275

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, 274, 424

Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance, 275, 351, 352

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 4, 12, 90. 252, 321, 330, 331, 332, 335, 336, 356, 357, 392

Convention on Workers with Family Responsibilities 1981, 222, 228

Coone Come, Mathew, Grand Chief of the Grand Council of the Crees, 166

Costa Rica, 51, 286, 302, 310, 418, 425

Cote d’Ivoire, 302, 310

Council of Europe Anti-Doping Convention, 269, 464

Council of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 275

Cover, Robert, 8, 12

Cowen, Sir Zelman, 184, 189

Crawford, Professor James, 189

Cree Indians, 86

Crimes Act 1914, 270

Crimes Amendment (Controlled Operations) Act 1996, 270

Criminal Justice Act 1988, 120

Croatia, 71, 72, 78, 84, 92, 95, 274, 311, 351, 394, 418, 424, 425

Cross, Lord, 266

Crown land, vacant, 132, 135

Cuba, 113, 288, 311, 326, 337, 425

Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act (1996) (Helms-Burton Act), 125

Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations, 274

Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996


No 32, 274
No 282, 274
No 324, 274
No 325, 274

Customs Act 1901, 274

Customs Tariff (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 1996, 270

Customs Tariff Act 1987, 270, 391

Customs Tariff Act 1995, 270, 391

Cyprus, 285, 302, 311, 328, 351, 352, 402, 422, 425

Czech Republic, 4, 41, 73, 79, 82, 83, 85, 91, 93, 95, 116, 137, 180, 302, 311, 352, 391, 418, 425

Treaty Concerning Common Boundary Between Czech and Slovak Republics, 95

Dairy Produce Amendment Act 1996, 270

Dairy Produce Levy (No 1) Amendment Act 1996, 270

Dawson, Justice, 223, 225, 226, 227, 260, 265

Dayton Peace Accord, 77, 92

de Saussure, Ferdinand, 18

de Vitoria, Francisco, 185

Deane, Justice, 168, 265

Defence Act 1903–1939 (Cth), 187

Denmark, 302, 311, 418, 425

Derrida, Jacques, 19

Designs Act 1906, 274

Designs Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 270, 274

Dillard, Judge, 59

Diplock, Lord, 235, 259

Dodson, Mick, (see Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission Social Justice Commissioner)

Doyle, Chief Justice, 266

Drummond, Justice, 230, 231

Dumbarton Oaks Proposals, 140

East Timor, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 286, 287, 327, 339, 346

Eastern Europe, 4, 14, 22, 42, 90, 116, 137, 197, 198, 208

Ecuador, 44, 45, 116, 302, 311, 418, 425

Egypt, 65, 302, 311, 353, 451

Einfeld, Justice, 236, 238, 239, 240

Eire, 187

El Salvador, 41, 45, 47, 195, 286, 302, 311, 425

Ellis, Justice, 253, 257, 258

Eritrea, 49, 80, 93

Estonia, 83, 302, 311, 418, 424, 425

estoppel, 53

Etela-Riutusvaara Mountain, 156

Ethiopia, 49, 57, 58, 76, 80, 93, 195, 231, 232, 302, 311, 425

Europe, 2, 3, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 20, 22, 23, 24, 28, 29, 31, 33, 36, 71, 74, 77, 79, 84, 85, 89, 90, 104, 143, 177, 181, 187, 194, 198, 210, 289, 292, 293, 325, 346, 352, 353, 407

European Commission of Human Rights, 143

European Community, 71, 90, 158, 159, 308

European Convention for the Prevention of Torture, 100

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 143, 208

Evatt, Dr Justice HV, 177, 180, 181, 182, 188, 224, 225

Evian International Conference on Refugees, 181

Extradition (Federal Republic of Brazil) Regulations SR 1996 No 170, 275

Extradition Act 1988, 262, 263, 275, 460, 461

Extradition Treaty between Australia and the USA, 262

Family Law (Child Abduction Convention) Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 74, 275

Family Law Act 1975, 248, 251, 275, 391

Family Law Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 71, 275

Federal Airports Corporation, 269

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 71, 273, 274

Federation, Australia, 223

feminists, 3, 8, 24

Fiji, 302, 311, 352, 425, 461

Filartiga, 119

Finland, 21, 302, 311, 351, 352, 425, 451

Finn, Justice, 257, 258

First Optional Protocol, 168

First World War, 1, 77, 81, 83, 94, 145, 175, 176, 182, 186, 196, 198, 287, 428

Fitzmaurice, Judge, 59

Flax, Jane, 5

Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act 1981, 118

Foreign States Immunities Act 1985 (Cth), 118

forum non conveniens, 122

Foster, Justice, 236, 238, 240

Foucauldian (see Foucault, Michel)

Foucault, Michel, 3, 4, 16, 17, 23, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36

France, 2, 32, 69, 94, 117, 147, 194, 250, 269, 295, 302, 311, 418, 425, 431, 432, 435, 439, 440, 441, 443, 445, 446, 451, 461, 464

freedom of religion, 1, 129, 130, 158, 172, 327, 338

freedom of speech, 2, 324, 327, 337, 338, 343

Gabon, 302, 311, 425

Gambia, 286, 302, 311, 425

Gámez-Bonilla Treaty, 94

Garran, Sir Robert, 176

Gaudron, Justice, 151, 223, 248

Geneva Convention of 1864, 223

Geneva Conventions of 1949, 100, 101, 218, 332, 333, 335

Additional Protocols of 1977, 100

Genocide Convention, 17, 392

Georgia, 81, 92, 295, 302, 425

German Democratic Republic, 116, 196, 197, 198, 199

Germany, 21, 54, 78, 79, 80, 84, 111, 117, 178, 179, 181, 182, 184, 186, 187, 188, 194, 196, 197, 198, 199, 245, 246, 302, 311, 352, 401, 425, 432, 457

Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, 84

Ghana, 49, 303, 311, 425

Gibbs, Chief Justice, 153, 225, 259

globalism, 37

Gowrie, Lord, 187



Gramajo, 115

Gramscian, 18

Great Britain (see Britain)

Greece, 288, 303, 311, 352, 418, 425

Greens, 134, 136

Greig, Professor Donald, 189

Grenada, 286, 303, 311

Groom, Sir Littleton, 178

Gros, Judge, 59

Grotius, Hugo, 185

Guardianship Act 1968 (NZ), 255

Guatemala, 45, 46, 51, 52, 286, 301, 303, 311, 426

Guinea, 286, 303, 311, 328, 418, 425, 426, 461

Guinea Bissau, 286, 303, 426

Guinea-Bissau Arbitration, 63, 64, 67

Gummow, Justice, 223, 234, 248

Guyana, 303, 311, 426

Hague Conference 1930, 185

Hague Conference on Private International Law, 253, 351

Hague Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes 1899, 223

Hague Convention
Child Abduction, 253, 254, 257

Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, 223, 247, 248, 249, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 275, 351, 352

Haiti, 286, 303, 311, 426

Harradine, Senator Brian, 135

Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) (OECD Decision) Regulations SR 1996 No 283, 275
No 284, 275

Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1989, 271, 275, 411

Hazardous Waste (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1996, 271

Hearn, Professor, 176

Heerey, Justice, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268

Helms-Burton Act, 125

Henkin, Professor Louis, 1, 6, 7, 8, 14, 20, 24, 27

Herzegovina, 273, 274, 310

Hill, Justice, 245, 246, 263

Hindmarsh Island Bridge Bill 1996, 145

Hitler, Adolph, 177, 178, 179, 186

Honduras, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 286, 303, 351, 418, 426

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, 276

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office (Privileges and Immunities) Regulations SR 1996 No 334, 276

House of Lords, 259, 261

Howard, John, 132, 135, 145, 305, 314, 363, 375, 445, 464

Howard, Rhoda, 8, 13, 28

Hughes, Prime Minister WM, 176, 187

human rights, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 90, 97, 98, 100, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125, 128, 129, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 147, 148, 153, 160, 163, 166, 167, 168, 169, 171, 172, 182, 190, 195, 202, 203, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 212, 213, 216, 217, 219, 229, 239, 240, 248, 267, 268, 287, 308, 309, 313, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 363, 370, 372, 380, 383, 393, 397, 404, 461

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, 171, 207, 208, 229, 243, 244, 245, 265, 268, 320, 347, 348, 359, 390

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986 (Cth), 229

humanitarian law, 1, 100, 101, 123, 187, 212, 214, 339, 448, 449, 455

Hungary, 78, 83, 85, 116, 303, 311, 426, 428

Hunt, Alan, 18, 34

Iceland, 303, 311, 418, 426

immunity, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125

restrictive, 104, 105, 115, 117

sovereign, 104, 106, 114, 117, 124

state, 97, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 123, 124, 125

Income Tax (International Agreements) Act 1953, 272, 389

India, 24, 30, 31, 34, 187, 206, 264, 299, 311, 325, 352, 410, 417, 426, 432, 438, 439, 442, 443

Indigenous peoples, 3, 11, 15, 22, 23, 33, 34, 90, 127, 128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 144, 148, 149, 152, 153, 154, 155, 157, 158, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172, 173, 188, 200, 202, 203, 210, 211, 213, 314, 315, 316, 317, 326, 337, 358, 406

Regional Fund for the Development of Indigenous Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean, 166

Working Group on Indigenous Populations, 160, 161, 166, 167

Indonesia, 286, 287, 294, 297, 298, 303, 309, 327, 339, 352, 353, 359, 385, 418, 423, 426, 432, 460, 461

Industrial relations, 229

Industrial Relations Act 1988, 227

Industrial Relations Amendment Act (No 2) 1994 (Cth), 221

Industrial Relations Commission, 227

Industrial Relations Reform Act 1993 (Cth), 221

Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security Act, 244

Institute of International Law, 123

Inter-American Court of Human Rights, 144

Inter-American Draft Convention on Jurisdictional Immunity of States, 118

International Civil Aviation Organisation, 272, 273, 300

International Committee of the Red Cross, 101

International Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property 1863, 223

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 4, 25, 138, 139, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 158, 167, 169, 171, 172, 264, 265, 267, 334, 336

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, 141, 147, 148, 158, 159, 169, 170, 171

International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, 270, 391

International Court of Justice, 21, 50, 55, 58, 59, 64, 75, 93, 103, 141, 143, 211, 213, 215, 219, 229, 260, 438, 442, 443, 447, 448, 452

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 5, 11, 14, 17, 18, 38, 90, 98, 99, 100, 103, 109, 126, 137, 139, 147, 148, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 168, 169, 170, 205, 208, 242, 243, 244, 269, 313, 317, 318, 334, 336, 353, 356, 357, 390, 397

Human Rights Committee, 98, 147, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160, 168, 170, 203, 208, 210, 327, 371, 372, 396, 397

Optional Protocol, 17, 98, 99, 100, 126, 168, 397

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 5, 11, 14, 38, 137, 139, 159, 160, 204, 205, 207, 222, 227, 228, 318, 321, 356

international crimes, 142, 194, 195, 210, 464

International Fact Finding Commission, 101

international humanitarian law, 100, 101, 214, 448, 449

International Labour Organisation Constitution, 222

International Labour Organisation Convention No 169 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries 1989, 160, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 169, 229

International Labour Organisation Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention 1958, 228

International Labour Organisation General Conference, 222

International Labour Organisation Recommendations, 221, 225, 227

International Law Association, 177, 184

International Law Commission (see United Nations) 60, 116, 117, 121, 122, 142, 195, 219

International Monetary Fund, 403

International Organisations (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1963, 276

International Sugar Agreement 1977, 271

International Sugar Agreement Act 1978, 271

International Telecommunication Union, 223

International War Crimes Tribunals (see war crimes)

intertemporal law, 59

Iran, 107, 113, 245, 288, 311, 326, 337, 353, 418, 426

Iraq, 52, 113, 311, 326, 337, 353, 448

Ireland, 303, 308, 311, 351, 352, 426

Islam, 9, 10

Islamic law, 10

Islamic philosophy, 10



Qur`an, 9

Shari`a, 9

Sunna, 9

Israel, 21, 76, 89, 194, 252, 303, 311, 395, 426, 431, 432, 442, 443

Italo-Ethiopian Treaties, 80

Italy, 49, 78, 84, 105, 117, 178, 187, 303, 311, 421, 426

Ivory Coast, 49, 62

Jackson, Moana, 128

Jacobs, Justice, 223

Jamaica, 295, 303, 311

Japan, 1, 21, 297, 298, 299, 303, 311, 352, 353, 358, 382, 386, 395, 401, 410, 421, 426, 432, 451, 452

Jenkinson, Justice, 241

Jews, 12, 179, 180, 181, 194

Jordan, 295, 303, 311, 353, 418



jus cogens, 21, 61, 94, 103, 110, 111, 113, 119, 120, 121, 142

Kahn, Dr, 181

Kant, Immanuel, 6, 7, 12, 28

Kay, Justice, 252

Kazakhstan, 303

Kenya, 11, 232, 303, 309, 426

Kiefel, Justice, 262, 263

Kingsbury, Benedict, 22

Kirby, Justice, 167, 229, 363, 382

Kisch, Egon, 180, 184

Kitok, Ivan, 155

Koskenniemi, Martti, 23

Kriege, Dr, 186

Kuwait, 119, 121, 214, 303, 311, 353, 426

Lachs, Judge, 55

Land (Titles and Traditional Usage) Act 1993 (WA), 138

Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 (Cth), 128

Lapidoth, Professor, 65, 66

Latham, Sir John, 184, 185

Latin America (see also Central America; South America)

Latvia, 83, 311, 418, 426

Lazreg, Marnia, 9

League of Nations, 76, 80, 145, 177, 178, 184, 188

Covenant, 1

Minorities Treaties, 145

League of Nations Union, Australia, 184

League of Nations Union, Britain, 184

Leary, Virginia, 14, 205

Lesotho, 303, 311, 426

Liberia, 57, 91, 286, 303, 311, 402, 426

Libya, 63, 111, 113, 311, 448

Lindenmayer, Justice, 253, 257, 258

Lindgren, Justice, 243, 244, 245

Lithuania, 82, 83, 303, 418, 426

Lockhart, Justice, 263

Lord Lester of Herne Hill, 169

Lubicon Lake Band, 156

Luchaire, Judge, 55

Luxembourg, 303, 311, 426

Lyons Government, Australia, 180



Mabo (No 2), 127, 128, 130, 144, 158, 165, 168, 171, 172

Macedonia, 72, 288, 311, 361, 362, 418

Madgwick Justice, 231

Malawi, 56, 286, 303, 426

Malaysia, 303, 352, 354, 397, 418, 426, 460

Mali, 49, 303, 312, 426

Marcos, 110, 111, 114

Mason, Chief Justice, 150, 168, 169, 190, 223, 232, 239, 265

Mauritania, 56, 303, 312, 426

Mauritius, 303, 312, 426

McHugh, Justice, 168, 190, 239, 265

McTiernan, Justice, 181, 223, 224, 225

Medical Practitioners Act 1970 (Vic), 264

Mengistu, Colonel, 231

Menzies, Justice, 223

Menzies, Sir RG, 178, 187

Micronesia, 295, 303, 310, 352, 426

Migration Act 1958, 230, 241, 276, 292

Migration Regulations, 230, 276

Migration Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 135, 276

Milosevic, President, 92

Minchin, Senator Nick, 134, 145

Minimum Wage Fixing Convention 1970, 222, 227

Minow, Martha, 26

Moldova, 92, 303, 312, 426

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, 83

Monaco, 295, 312, 426

Mongolia, 303, 312, 424, 426

Montenegro, 72, 76, 92, 273, 276

Moore, Professor Sir William Harrison, 176, 177

Moreno Quintana, Judge, 59

Morocco, 57, 303, 312, 353, 426

Moss, Justice, 258

Mozambique, 303, 312, 455

Murray, Sir Gilbert, 184

Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (United States of America) Regulations SR 1996 No 175, 276

Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 1987, 276, 462

Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation Amendment Act 1996, 271

Namibia Advisory Opinion, 1971, 141

National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals, 272

Native American, 128, 157

Native title

legislation, 127, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 138, 139, 142, 144, 145, 149, 152, 153, 154, 157, 158, 163, 165, 166, 167, 169, 171, 172, 315, 360

National Indigenous Working Group on Native Title, 132

National Native Title Tribunal, 131

Native Title Amendment Bill 1997, 133

Nauru, 185, 286, 295, 310, 426, 461

Nazism, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 186, 188

Nepal, 303, 312, 426

Netherlands, 303, 312, 395, 418, 427, 440

New Zealand, 187, 204, 250, 253, 254, 255, 256, 264, 268, 269, 297, 299, 303, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 312, 352, 353, 389, 391, 418, 427, 457, 464, 467

Nicaragua, 45, 103, 286, 303, 312, 427

Nicholson, Chief Justice, 240, 241, 242, 243, 248

Niger, 49, 286, 303, 312, 427

Nigeria, 50, 58, 303, 312, 327, 353, 427

Non-aligned movement, 21, 22

Non-Proliferation Treaty, 277, 389

North Korea, 113, 408, 459

Norway, 269, 303, 312, 352, 395, 427, 464

Nuclear Non-Proliferation (Safeguards) Act 1987 (Cth), 229

nuclear weapons, 229, 399, 400, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 452

O’Brien, Archbishop Dr Eris, 182

O’Connell, Professor DP, 189

O’Donoghue, Lois, 161

Offshore Minerals Act 1994, 271

Olney, Justice, 245

Oman, 303, 310, 353, 424, 427

Ombudsman Act 1976, 244

Ominayak, Chief, 156

Omoa, 52


Ontario Court of Appeal, 266

Onyeama, Judge, 59



opinio juris, 57, 84, 102, 103, 228

Oppenheim, Professor, 223

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 275, 350, 360, 389, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 420

Organisation on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 137

Overseas Missions (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1995, 276, 389

Pakistan, 72, 93, 118, 303, 312, 352, 353, 427, 442, 443

Panama, 286, 301, 303, 312, 351, 418, 427

Pannikar, Raimundo, 8, 10, 35

Papal Bull, 67

Papua New Guinea, 184, 185, 188, 312, 327, 339, 352, 359, 418, 427, 303, 328, 461

Mandated territory, 186, 187

Paris Peace Conference, 70, 145

Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, 167, 178, 290, 388, 467

Patents Act 1990, 277

Patents Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 271, 277

Pearce Higgins, Professor A, 177

Peden, Sir John, 176, 177, 183

Pennefather, Professor, 176

People’s Republic of China (see China)

Permanent Court of International Justice, 145, 188

Peru, 44, 45, 52, 303, 312, 418, 427

Petrén, Judge, 59

Philippines, 110, 111, 115, 304, 312, 352, 359, 418, 427, 451, 460, 461

piracy, 1

Pitt Cobbett, Professor, 176, 177, 186, 223

Poland, 4, 76, 77, 79, 82, 116, 137, 197, 198, 199, 312, 418, 427

Port Hedland Detention Centre, 170, 237, 240, 243

Portugal, 304, 312, 427

Primary Industries and Energy Legislation Amendment Act (No 1) 1996, 271

Primary Industries and Energy Legislation Amendment Act (No 2) 1996, 271

Primary Industries Levies and Charges Collection (Dairy) Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 126, 277

Primary Industries Levies and Charges Collection Act 1991, 277

Purvis, Nigel, 13

Quebec, 41, 86, 352

racial discrimination, 130, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 150, 154, 172, 213, 264, 313, 336

Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth), 128, 131, 135, 136, 138, 139, 140, 147, 150, 152, 165, 167, 264, 265, 267, 361


prohibition of, 130, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 150, 154, 172, 213, 264

rebus sic stantibus, 60

Red Cross, 187, 233, 332, 458

Red Cross Convention 1929, 187

Red Cross Convention on Maritime Warfare 1907, 187

refugee, 120, 179, 181, 182, 208, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 239, 240, 241, 245, 246, 247, 276, 342

status, 120, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 240, 241, 245, 246

Refugee Advisory and Casework Service, 240, 243, 244

Refugee Review Tribunal, 232, 237, 238, 239, 240, 245

Refugees Convention, 230, 231, 233, 236, 242, 245, 246, 247

Protocol, 242

Republic of China, 272, 285, 286, 297, 449, 450, 451

Republic of Korea, 295, 303, 360, 395, 426, 451, 459

Richards, Sir H. Earle, 177

Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention 1949, 222

Roberts, Sir Stephen, 178, 188

Roman law, 59

Romania, 82, 304, 312, 418, 427

Roosevelt, President Franklin Delano, 2, 19

Royal Institute for International Affairs, 177

Ruda, Judge, 55

Rumania, 78

Russia, 4, 13, 41, 49, 69, 73, 77, 81, 82, 83, 85, 90, 91, 92, 93, 116, 198, 199, 304, 312, 351, 352, 368, 418, 421, 427, 428, 435, 436, 439, 440, 441, 443, 451

Russo-Polish war, 78

Rwanda, 91, 94, 193, 195, 210, 290, 304, 312, 328, 340, 341, 389, 427, 464

Ryan, Professor Kevin, 189

Sackville, Justice, 238, 243, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268

Salassie, Emperor Haile, 231

Salisbury, Lord, 69

Sami, 155, 156

Saudi Arabia, 9, 107, 108, 295, 304, 353, 424, 427

Sawer, Professor Geoffrey, 184, 189

Scarman, Lord, 259

Schachter, Oscar, 5, 6, 7, 8

Schmitt, Professor Carl, 179

Scott, Joan, 19, 26

secession, 41, 49, 71, 72, 75, 80, 81, 86, 89, 159

Second World War, 1, 7, 80, 87, 167, 182, 188, 189, 193

self-determination, 2, 11, 21, 22, 28, 35, 38, 39, 40, 42, 60, 61, 69, 70, 71, 73, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 85, 90, 95, 130, 142, 158, 159, 160, 161, 169, 173, 197, 200, 202, 203, 210, 212, 213, 214

Senate Legal and Constitutional Legislation Committee, Australia, 145, 153

Senegal, 286, 304, 312, 418, 427

Serbia, 71, 72, 75, 76, 92, 95, 273, 276, 394

Seychelles, 304, 312, 427

Shearer, Professor Ivan, 184

Sheldon, WS, 182, 183, 184, 188

Shivji, Professor Issa, 28

Sicily, 83

Sierra Leone, 304, 312, 353, 427

Singapore, 118, 304, 352, 395, 421, 427, 460

slavery, 1, 24, 142, 143, 330, 332

Slovakia, 79, 83, 95, 295, 304, 312, 352, 418, 427

Treaty Concerning Common Boundary Between Czech and Slovak Republics, 95

Slovenia, 72, 75, 84, 92, 94, 304, 312, 351, 418, 427

Smart, Carol, 23

Solomon Islands, 286, 304, 312, 352, 461

Somalia, 57, 91, 304, 312, 353

Somaliland, 94

South Africa, 4, 118, 137, 141, 187, 195, 286, 310, 312, 325, 352, 404, 418, 427, 436

South America, 14, 40, 44, 45, 51, 58, 59, 68, 77, 96, 104, 116, 434, 450

South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Act 1986 (Cth), 229

Spain, 304, 312, 427

Spanish America, 44, 74

Sri Lanka, 299, 304, 312, 341, 352, 410, 427

State Immunity Act 1979, 118

State Immunity Act 1982, 118

State Immunity Ordinance 1981, 118

State responsibility, 42, 104, 116, 122, 143, 144, 218

Status of Forces Agreements, 109

Statute of Westminster, 178

Stephen, Sir Ninian, 221, 224, 363

Stone, Professor Julius, 189

Stuart Smith, Lord Justice, 119, 120

Suarez, Francisco, 185

Submarine Rules Protocol of London 1936, 186

succession, 60, 61, 62, 64, 73, 95, 101, 197

Sudan, 65, 113, 304, 312, 326, 337, 424

Supreme Court of Canada, 251

Swaziland, 286, 304, 312, 427

Sweden, 155, 304, 312, 330, 427, 451

Switzerland, 66, 117, 252, 304, 312, 395, 427, 451

Syria, 113, 116, 312, 353

Taba Award, 65, 67

Tanaka, Judge, 146

Tanzania, 304, 313, 353, 424, 427

Tariff Concession Orders, 270

Taxation Laws Amendment (International Tax Agreements) Act 1996, 272

Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Fees) Act 1991, 272

Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Fees) Act 1995, 277

Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Fees) Amendment Act 1996, 272

Telecommunications (Carrier Licence Fees) Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 157, 277

Termination of Employment Convention 1982, 222, 227



terra nullius, 44, 68, 130, 216, 315

Thailand, 289, 304, 310, 352, 357, 359, 427, 460, 461

The Netherlands, 117

Third World, 21

Tibet, 285, 327

Tito, President, 87

Togo, 49, 54, 94, 304, 313, 427

Tonga, 286, 304, 313, 352, 461

Toohey, Justice, 223, 232, 234, 248, 265

Torres Strait Regional Authority, 161

Torture Victim Protection Act 1992, 114, 115

Trade Division of the Admiralty, 177

Trade Marks Act 1955, 277

Trade Marks Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 272, 277

Treaty of Trianon, 79, 83

Treaty of Versailles, 184

Tudjman, President, 92

Tunisia, 304, 313, 418, 427

Turkey, 52, 78, 304, 313, 339, 352, 418, 427

Turkish-Egyptian Commission, 65

Turkmenistan, 304, 313, 427

UK Court of Appeal, 115, 251, 261

Ukraine, 4, 81, 82, 92, 313, 427

United Arab Emirates, 304, 313, 427

United Kingdom (see Britain)

United Kingdom State Immunity Act 1978, 105, 118


s 1, 106, 107, 109, 110, 118, 119, 120, 121, 134, 151
s 5, 118, 119, 121

United Nations

Centre for Human Rights, 148, 339

Charter, 1, 2, 4, 5, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 55, 56, 73, 75, 81, 102, 107, 114,, 138, 140, 141, 142, 159, 172, 273, 313, 315, 325, 326, 337, 398, 402

Commission on Human Rights, 102, 163, 356, 360

Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances 1988, 270

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Religious Intolerance, draft, 158

Convention on the Law of the Sea, 295

Declaration on Friendly Relations, 70, 159

Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, 38

Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, 160

Declaration on the Right to Development, 21, 22

Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, 160

Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 22, 23, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 211, 317

Economic and Social Council, 31, 32, 403

General Assembly, 20, 21, 50, 102, 121, 159, 161, 166, 170, 313, 316, 325, 331, 336, 345, 356, 373, 397, 399, 402, 403, 405, 406, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 452, 458, 459, 464

Genocide Convention 1948, 189

High Commission of Refugees, 232, 246

International Telecommunication Union, 272, 277

Special Rapporteur on Religious Intolerance, 158, 337

Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 144

United Soviet Socialist Republic (see Russia)

United States Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 118

s 1604, 109


s 1605(a), 106, 107, 110
s 1605(a)(1), 110
s 1605(a)(5), 107, 188
s 1605(a)(7), 113

United States of America, 1, 2, 19, 21, 102, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 125, 157, 183, 187, 202, 208, 236, 239, 247, 250, 252, 253, 257, 258, 261, 262, 265, 266, 276, 288, 289, 304, 313, 353, 358, 389, 395, 400, 404, 408, 423, 428, 434, 435, 439, 440, 441, 443, 445, 448, 449, 451, 457, 459, 460, 467

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 4, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 24, 70, 97, 98, 109, 137, 138, 139, 141, 182, 309, 313, 341, 342

Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights 1981 (see Islam)

Universal Postal Union, 223

Uruguay, 270, 304, 313, 351, 396, 428



uti possidetis, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 159

Uzbekistan, 304, 313, 428

Van Boven, Theo, 144

Vaziri, Haleh, 9

Venezuela, 76, 116, 304, 313, 428

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties, 60, 61, 62, 72, 73, 231, 259, 260, 386, 387, 420

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 60, 62, 73, 103, 142, 218, 231, 257, 259, 386, 387

Vietnam, 230, 236, 241, 313, 352, 359, 428, 460, 461

Vinogradoff, Sir Paul, 177

war crimes, 189, 193, 232, 291, 389

War Trade Intelligence Department, 177

Ward, Lord Justice, 120

Washington Conference on Disarmament, 189

Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995, 229, 277, 389

Weapons of Mass Destruction Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 176, 277

Western Sahara Advisory Opinion, 68

Western Samoa, 304, 310, 352, 461

Wik, 127, 128, 132, 134, 139, 144, 158, 172

Wilcox, Justice, 233

Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1982, 278

Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Regulations (Amendment) SR 1996 No 332, 278

Williams, Robert Jnr, 166

Wilson, Justice, 153, 260

Workplace Relations and other Legislation Amendment Act 1996, 272

World Bank, 165, 166, 206, 403

World Customs Organisation, 270, 391

World Trade Organisation Agreement, 270, 277

Yugoslavia, 4, 41, 42, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 87, 89, 91, 92, 95, 137, 157, 159, 193, 195, 210, 274, 276, 288, 290, 291, 304, 313, 361, 362, 368, 389, 394, 464

Zaire, 304, 313, 340, 419, 428

Zambia, 304, 313, 419, 428

Zimbabwe, 304, 313, 351, 352, 428



Zines, Professor, 225


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