T name Section Date he First Americans (Prehistory 1600) Objective: To examine how the first humans migrated to America, the purpose of archaeology, and the culture of the Mound Builders

it changed the way people lived because

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it changed the way people lived because

    • it takes months to plant and raise crops, so Paleo-Indians began staying in one place. Small villages grew into towns and cities. These changes led to the growth of civilizations.

Great Serpent Mound, Ohio

E. A Closer Look at Early American Civilizations: Mound Builders

The Mound Builders, including the Hopewell, Adena, and Mississippian peoples, lived from about 3,000 years ago to the 1700s.

• Early mounds were burial grounds for important leaders

• The Mississippian people built the city of Cahokia in present-day Illinois.

  • The largest mound of Cahokia was Monk’s Mound, which covered around 16 acres.

  • The fence built around the city served as a calendar.

  • The posts of the fence were viewed from the top of Monk’s Mound. - shorter shadows meant the coming of spring - longer shadows meant the coming of autumn

* This system allowed farmers to know which crops should be planted.


Describe the Mound Builder civilizations. (Who? What? When? Where? Why?)


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