T name Section Date he First Americans (Prehistory 1600) Objective: To examine how the first humans migrated to America, the purpose of archaeology, and the culture of the Mound Builders



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Name __________________________ Section____

Date __________________________


he First Americans (Prehistory - 1600)


Objective: To examine how the first humans migrated to America, the purpose of archaeology, and the culture of the Mound Builders.

Location of Beringia

Label and color the following:

Arctic Ocean (dark blue)

Bering Sea (light blue)

Bering Strait (blue dots)

Russia (red)

U.S.A ~ Alaska (purple)



Beringia (yellow)

___________________________________________________

The First Americans

• Approximately 30,000 years ago the earth experienced an Ice Age.



Ice Age – a period of time in which temperatures on earth were very cold and North America was covered in glaciers.

Glaciers – large, slow moving sheets of ice

- As the oceans froze, the ocean floor became uncovered and dry.

- The first humans in North America crossed the land bridge.

Land bridge (Beringia) – an area of land which humans crossed during the Ice Age on their way to North America from Asia.

Archaeology - the study of evidence left by early peoples

Artifactobject made by humans and used by archaeologists to recreate a picture of the past.

Review:

How has the earth changed since the Ice Age?



The earth is warmer now. Most of the glaciers have melted and the water level in the ocean rose. Some of the land, like Beringia, is now covered with water. People can’t walk between Asia to North America. The glaciers carved out the Great Lakes, Niagara Falls and other geographic features in North America.



  1. Migration Routes of the First Americans (red text pg.19)

    1. Scientists agree: People migrated to North America from Asia during the last Ice Age.

    2. It happened 12,500 years ago during the last Ice Age.

      1. Ice Age: began 1.6 million years ago and ended 10,000 years ago

      2. Land bridge: connected Asia and North America

        1. called Beringia

        2. it was almost 1,000 miles long

    3. Most scientists believe the first Americans came from Siberia (Asia)






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