Surigao del Sur State University

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R epublic of the Philippines

Surigao del Sur State University

Rosario, Tandag City, Surigao del Sur 8300

Telefax No. 086-214-4221


Ethical Research Paper on Ethics

Factors Affecting Good and Bad Conduct among the 1st Year BSED English Students of Surigao Del Sur State University-Cantilan


Canal, Nathaniel

Sapuras, Jean Marie

Urbiztondo, Aira

Vallescas, Caren Mae

Colas, Eunice


Crystal Jane E. Clar



Morality and ethics are terms used to describe standards of right and wrong conduct. Morality is not about subjugating personal self-interest, but rather about balancing self-interest with the interests of other people (Frimer, Schaefer, & Oakes, 2014; Frimer, Walker, Dunlop, Lee, & Riches, 2011). Simply put, morality is embedded in our social relationships and our need to regulate them effectively (Rai & Fiske, 2011).

Acts are called good or bad, according as they are well or ill adjusted to ends; and whatever inconsistency there is in our uses of the words, arises from inconsistency of the ends. Here, however, the study of conduct in general, and of the evolution of conduct, have prepared us to harmonize these interpretations. The foregoing exposition shows that the conduct to which we apply the name good, is the relatively more evolved conduct; and that bad is the name we apply to conduct which is relatively less evolved. We saw that evolution, tending ever towards self-preservation, reaches its limit when individual life is the greatest, both in length and breadth; and now we see that, leaving other ends aside, we regard as good the conduct furthering self-preservation, and as bad the conduct tending to self-destruction (Spencer, 1879).

It was shown that along with increasing power of maintaining individual life, which evolution brings, there goes increasing power of perpetuating the species by fostering progeny, and that in this direction evolution reaches its limit when the needful number of young, preserved to maturity, are then fit for a life that is complete in fulness and duration; and here it turns out that parental conduct is called good or bad as it approaches or falls short of this ideal result (Spencer. 1879).

Under the certain conditions, collegial professional ethical issue discussions can lead to ethical understanding, consensus, and improvement in student’s moral reasoning. Group discussions, using relevant and realistic scenarios, are most appropriate in enhancing such changes in the behavior of the students (Silverman, 2011).

The purpose of the study is to determine the factors that affect the good and bad conduct as well as the effects of psychological forces that drives the good and bad conduct among the1st Year BED English Students of Surigao Del Sur State University- Cantilan.



This study discusses the procedures in order to achieve the objectives of the study. The study used the method which includes the following: research design, locale, respondents and sampling technique, research instrument, data collection and procedures, and transcript and matrices.

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