Submission to the un committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination with regard to the uk government’s 21



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Shadow Report

Submission to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination with regard to the UK Government’s 21st to 23rd Periodic Reports

March 2016

Drafted by THE RUNNYMEDE TRUST

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Report Structure 5

List of Abbreviations 7



1 – Article 1 17

Government approach to tackling racial inequalities 17



2 – Article 2 20

2.1 Legislation (Equality Act 2010 and implementation) 20



2.1.1 The Public Sector Equality Duty 21

2.1.2 Weak enforcement 24

2.2 Descent-based/Caste discrimination 25

2.3 Rural Racism 27

2.4 Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Communities 28

2.5 Incorporating the Convention into UK law 30

3 – Article 4 32

3.1 Media and incitement to racial hatred 32

3.2. Ethnic diversity in journalism 35

3.3. Online hate speech 35

3.4. Hate speech in Scotland 36

4 – Article 5 38

4.1. Hate crime 38



4.1.1. Islamophobia 39

4.1.2. Racist violence and hate crime in Scotland 40

4.2. Criminal justice 42

4.2.1. Stop and search 42

a) Traffic Stops (under section 163 of the Road Traffic Act 1988) 44

b) Ethnic profiling and counter-terrorism 45

c) Stop and search in Scotland 47



4.2.2. Arrests and sentencing 47

4.2.3. Deaths in custody 48



4.2.4. Prisons 48

4.2.4. BME representation in the police force and in the administration of the Criminal Justice System 50

4.3. Political rights 51



4.3.1. Voter registration and turnout 51

4.3.2. Political representation 53

Political representation in Scotland 53

4.4. Civil rights 54

4.4.1. Freedom of movement and residence 54

Family migration discrimination 55



4.4.2. Counter-terrorism 56

a) PREVENT 56

b) The Extremism Bill 59

4.5. Economic & social rights 60



4.5.1. Employment 60

a) Unemployment 61

b) Employment gap 62

c) Discrimination in entry to employment 62

d) Employment in Scotland 64

4.5.2. Education 66

a) Academies and free schools 67

b) Educational achievement 67

c) Further and Higher Education 69

d) Early years education 71

e) Exclusions 72

f) Bullying 74

4.5.3. Health 75

a) Racial discrimination and health 76

b) Mental health 77

c) Access to medical care for migrants 78

d) Health concerns for Gypsies and Travellers 78

e) Health in Scotland 80



4.5.4 Housing 82

a) Discrimination resulting from the right to rent scheme 82

b) BME overrepresentation in poor housing and homelessness 83

c) Accommodation for Gypsies and Travellers 85

d) Housing in Scotland 87

4.5.5. Impact of Budget on BME communities 89




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