Study Guide for Geography Test Name: Today’s Date: Test Date

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Study Guide for Geography Test

Name: __________________________ Today’s Date: ________________

Test Date: _______________________


  • There will be 3 multiple choice questions for every target, except target 4.1.2, which will have 5 multiple choice questions. Students will need to read a map and answer 3 of those multiple choice questions using that map.

  • There will be 2 Extended Response Questions that will be used as whole-group instruction for this test.

Learning Targets for Geography Unit:

I can use geographic tools (e.g., maps, charts, graphs) to identify natural resources and other physical characteristics (e.g., major landforms, major bodies of water, weather, climate, roads, bridges) and analyze patterns of movement and settlement in the United States. 4.1.1

  • Identify physical features and natural resources using a map and your knowledge of the regions of the United States.

I can use geographic tools to locate and describe major landforms, bodies of water, places and objects in the United States by their absolute location. 4.1.2

  • Identify different types of maps and their purpose.

  • Read a map using latitude and longitude coordinates.

I can explain patterns of human settlement in the early development of the United States and explain how these patterns were influenced by physical characteristics (e.g., climate, landforms, bodies of water). 4.3.1

  • Use your knowledge to identify locations, needs, and resources that humans use in order to survive in the environment.

I can describe how advances in technology (e.g., dams, reservoirs, roads, irrigation) allow people to settle in places previously inaccessible in the United States. 4.3.2

  • Identify different types of technology that would make survival easier for humans in the environment.

I will explain and give examples of how people adapted to/modified the physical environment (e.g., natural resources, physical geography, natural disasters) to meet their needs during the history of the U.S. (Colonization, Expansion) and analyze the impact on their environment. 4.4.1

  • Give examples of humans adapting and modifying the environment in order to survive.

I can describe how the physical environment (e.g., mountains as barriers for protection, rivers as barriers of transportation) both promoted and restricted human activities during the early settlement of the U.S. (Colonization, Expansion). 4.4.2

  • Identify reasons for early migration into North America.

  • Identify physical features that promote human activities.

  • Identify physical features that restrict human activities.

Unit Vocabulary
Absolute Location - A description of a place using grid coordinates (latitude and longitude).
Border - An imaginary line that officially separates two countries, regions, states, or cities.
Cardinal Directions - The four “main” directions: north, south, east, and west (N, S, E, W).
Chart - A diagram or table displaying detailed information. A type of outline map which shows geographic information.
Compass Rose - A symbol that shows directions on a map.
Continent - One of the seven large landmasses of the Earth: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North American, and South America.
Degrees - Units of latitude or longitude (◦ is the symbol for degrees).
Equator - An imaginary line that runs around the center of the Earth, halfway between the North and South Poles at 0◦ latitude.
Geography - The study of the Earth and the way we use it.
Globe - A sphere-shape map of the Earth.
Graph - A type of diagram used to compare several things that change and tracks how they change.
Latitude (lines of latitude or parallels)- Imaginary lines on the Earth that run parallel to the equator.
Location - The site or position of something.
Longitude (lines of longitude or meridians) - Imaginary lines that run between the North and South Poles.
Historical Map - A map that shows places or events from the past.
Parallel Lines - Lines that are the same distance apart; lines that never meet or cross.
Prime Meridian - An imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole at 0 ◦ longitude.
Relative Location - A description of a place using the relation of one place to another; a comparison to another place.
Scale - The relation between the measurements on a map and the actual measurements. For example, one inch represents 100 miles.

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