Study Guide 1 Hst 1



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Study Guide 1

Hst 1

Nash, chapters 1-3



Zinn, Columbus, The Indians an Human Progress; Drawing the Color Line


  1. Three worlds meet – what are the three worlds described by Nash?


  1. Mesoamerica



  1. Aztecs



  1. Incas


  1. Caribbean – who were the Taino?


  1. North America: Pueblo, plains, Cahokia, woodlands


  1. “Indianess” (What Indians had in common throughout North America)


  • Indian egalitarianism


  • Indian community


  1. West Africa


  • Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Benin


  • Timbuktu


  • Trade with Europe


  • African ethos


  • African spirituality/africanity



  1. Western Europe


  • Pagan Europe (e.g., Germans, Celts – cultural expressions?)


  • Roman conquests (Christian conversions)


  • Dark Ages


  • Feudalism



  • Black Death


  • Peasant rebellions


  • Early proto-capitalist development


  • Early nation states




  • Iberian expansion


  1. Portugal and Spain - Trade routes to Asia


  1. Age of “discovery” (what was “discovered”?)


  1. Prince Henry


  1. The caravel


  1. Vasco da Gama & “Portuguese lake”


  1. Christopher Columbus



  • Conquest of Caribbean


  • Columbus and slavery


  • Bartolome de Las Casas


  • Enrique’s Rebellion


  1. Death rates among Native Americans


  1. Trans-Atlantic slave trade


  1. Plunder from New World --- “"The discovery of gold and silver in America, the extirpation, enslavement and entombment in mines of the aboriginal population, the beginning of the conquest and looting of the East Indies, the turning of Africa into a warren for the commercial hunting of black-skins, signaled the rosy dawn of the era of capitalist production."


  1. Golden Triangle/Great Circuit (three points of trade – which direction? Cargo on each respective link of the voyage?)


  1. Middle Passage


  1. Slave trade and impact on European economic development


  1. Spain and Portugal (describe each respective empire)


  1. Portuguese in Brazil (main crop?)


  1. Slave trade relations with African elites


  1. Impact of slave trade on African development


  1. Rise of mercantile capitalism/mercantilism


  1. Mercantilism --- The theory and system of political economy prevailing in Europe after the decline of feudalism, based on national policies of accumulating bullion, establishing colonies and a merchant marine, and developing industry and mining to attain a favorable balance of trade.



  1. Protestant Reformation



  1. Martin Luther --- German theologian and leader of the Reformation. His opposition to the wealth and corruption of the papacy and his belief that salvation would be granted on the basis of faith alone rather than by works caused his excommunication from the Catholic Church (1521)


  1. John Calvin --- French-born Swiss Protestant theologian who broke with the Roman Catholic Church (1533) and set forth the tenets of his theology, known today as Presbyterianism, in Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536).


  1. English enclosure movement

  2. English settlement of North America


  1. Joint-stock companies


  1. Virginia settlements


  1. Powhatons


  1. Indentured servitude


  1. Anthony Johnson


  1. Bacon’s Rebellion


  1. Transition to African slavery


  1. Massachusetts Bay Colony


  1. John Winthrop --- English-born American colonial administrator who was the first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, serving seven terms between 1629 and 1649


  1. Native Americans


  1. Anne Hutchinson --- (1591-1643). English-born American colonist and religious leader who was banished from Boston (1637) for her religious beliefs, which included an emphasis on personal intuition as a means toward salvation.


  1. Roger Williams --- English cleric in America. After being expelled from Massachusetts for his criticism of Puritanism, he founded Providence (1636), a community based on religious freedom and democratic ideals, and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663.


  1. Wampanoags


  1. King Phillip’s War --- 1675-76


  1. Strife in North American mainland colonies


  1. Wars between New England and New France



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