Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church



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Participants with Christ

1 Corinthians 10:14-22

(see also: Ex. 20:4-6; 2 Kings 5; Is. 55:5-7; Mt. 6:23-25; Heb. 10:31)

The biggest idol of our day and age is:

a) “American Idol”

b) Idleness

c) Mankind



I. Christian _______________ is being freed from idolatry.

We are called to live as Christ’s ________________________.

This speaks directly to our ___________________.

II. How do you “flee” from idolatry?

Naaman –
Solomon –


An attitude of _________________ and ____________________

will prevent you from idolatry.



III. Living in the World for Christ.

#1
This teaches us about the Lord’s Supper:

only __________________ should partake,

it should always be observed __________________.

#2
Your enemies are ________________

and his ______________.

#3

#4
The 2nd commandment comes with



great __________________ and ____________.

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians



God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Christian Peer Pressure (continued)

1 Corinthians 10:23-11:1

(see also: Ex. 20; Prov. 27:17; 31:25; Ps. 104:14-15; Jn. 17:14-19; Rom. 3:31; 6:1; 12:1-2; 1 Jn. 2:16; )





Christians must be:

a) of the world but not by the world.

b) in the world but not as the world.

c) in the world but not of the world.



I. The Principle of Christian Liberty

It is not:

or:

In order to be helpful, you must have:


In order to build up, you must:
II. Two points regarding making choices.

#1
#2


III. Conclusion of entire section.

A Charge -


A Reminder –
An Example -

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289



Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Biblical Principle of Headship

1 Corinthians 11:2-3

(see also: Gen. 1:26-28; 2:7, 15-25; 17:7; Eph. 5:22-33; 1 Pet. 3:1-7; Rev. 21:7)




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“Dysfunctional” means:

a) working as a model to others.

b) not functioning at all.

c) not functioning as designed.
Chapters 1-10 dealt with social issues within the church such as:

Chapters 11-14 & part of 16 deal with issues related to:


I. What does Paul mean by the word “head”?

literally:


metaphorically:

source/origin -


authority –
II. How is biblical headship twisted today?

by chauvinist men -


by feminist women –
Does the rest of the Bible teach headship?
III. The Biblical Formula for Headship

Principle #1:


Principle #2:
New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Glory of Man and Woman

1 Corinthians 11:2-16

(see also: Gen. 1-2; 1 Cor. 14:34f; 1 Tim. 2:8ff; 1 Pet. 3:1-7)




http://www.bubblews.com/assets/images/news/220725148_1363714538.jpg
Which is true?

a) Someone besides Paul added these words.

b) Paul was only speaking to his own culture.

c) Paul had some specific women in that church in mind.

d) Paul wants the Church of Christ to be led by the principle of headship.

Verse 3

head:
man/husband & woman/wife:


Verse 4

All of life is to be lived _______________ ____________


What is prophecy?
Is all prophecy the same?

Covering of the head

Literal -
Metaphorical –
Verse 15 – According to Nature

Ring #1 -

Ring #2 –

Ring #3 -

Ring #4 -

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289



Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

A Proper Meal

1 Corinthians 11:17-34

(see also: Jer. 31:31-34; Mt. 26:26-28; Mk. 14:22-24; Lk. 22:19-20; Jn. 6:25-71)





Paul is giving us in ch.s 11-14:

a) a full directory for worship.

b) a clear indication of what is most important in worship.

c) what the Corinthians were doing wrong in worship.



I. What were these guys doing?

(vs. 20-22, 33-34)


So was that the Lord’s Supper?



II. Paul’s instruction

A. Where does Paul’s teaching come from (vs. 23)?


B. What does he mean by “the new covenant” (vs. 25)?


C. What does Jeremiah mean by “new covenant” (Jer. 31:31)?

D. The “new” doesn’t mean “substance” but _____________.

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians



God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Informing the Uninformed

1 Corinthians 12:1-3

(see also: Jn. 3:16; Acts 4:12; 1 Cor. 15:3b-5)

Paul had so much to teach the Corinthian Church because:

a) they were doing everything right.

b) they were such good theological students.

c) much of what they were doing as a church was wrong.



I. Paul starts this section off by focusing on

_________________________ truths.

How is propositional truth regarded in our culture?

Christians need to understand how their worship of God

differs from the worship of:

II. What phenomenon actually works against us here?

__________________/______________ tend to divide

while ________________/_________________ tend to unite.

Still, what does Paul want us to trust in more?




III. Three things we want to keep in mind.

#1

#2



#3

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289



Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

For the Common Good

1 Corinthians 12:4-13 – Not Recorded

(see also: the Gifts Chart; Acts 8:19)

In vs.s 1-3, Paul wants the Christians in Corinth

a) to feel their way along.

b) to consider truth just whatever they decide it to be.

c) to be informed and to understand.



In vs.s 4-13, Paul speaks of:

I. The Variety of the Gifts.

Pneumatikos and Charismata refer to:

(Pick two): The list of gifts in 1 Cor. 12

a) is the one, official & complete list.

b) one of many lists in the New Testament.

c) the gifts the Corinthians seem to have trouble handling.

II. The Unity of the source and Identity of the Recipients

What gifts are listed here to protect the Corinthians from mistake?

Why is the doctrine of the Church important here?

III. The Different Purpose of the Gifts.

Perspective #1:


Perspective #2:


Which perspective is indicated by the lists of gifts in the New Testament?


New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Body

1 Corinthians 12:11-26

Review:


Vs.s 1-3 – regard ________________ and __________________

over emotion and experience.

Vs.s 4-10 – (choose one) the other lists of gifts from God in

the NT are (different/the same) as the ones we find

in 1 Corinthians.

In 1 Cor. 12:11-31, a section of twenty verses we find:

a) a highly complex series of instructions/guidelines for the church.

b) a long list of choices that each member of the church may pick and choose from.

c) one simple message for all.

I. Paul reviews points already made.

Vs. 11 – the gifts are given the church by

the ___________________ will of God.

But just because the gifts

are given i________________________

doesn’t mean they are given i________________________.

Vs. 12-13 – No undue symbolism here.

The main point: all Christians share in the u__________

that is the church.

II. Vs. 14-24: What is Paul really saying here?

(choose one) Paul is writing a (how-to manual/correction)

to the thinking of the Corinthians.

Vs. 14 –

Vs. 15-16 -

Vs. 21 –

Vs. 22-25 -

III. Summing up his thoughts, Paul says

#1:

#2:


#3:

How do I strengthen the church with the gifts God has given me?


New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289

Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Higher Gifts

1 Corinthians 12:27-31

(see also: 1 Cor. 1:2; 12:8-10; Eph. 2:20; Heb. 5:4)

The bottom line to Paul’s argument in vs. 11-26 is:

a) Paul is calling for a radical correction in their thinking.

b) Paul is affirming all they have concluded so far.

c) Paul is learning from the Corinthians how to understand all this.



I. The Essential Point: “______ are the body of Christ …”
In the church, there are to be no “_____________” and

“____________ _______”.


Instead, he wants them all to be _________________.
II. Paul offers another list (vs. 28).

1st:

2nd:

III. Paul speaks against “gift envy” (vs. 29-30).

1st:

2nd:

IV. “Earnestly desire the __________________ gifts.” (vs. 31)

How do we determine what those are?


Would most of these gifts be for the life of the church?


How am I appreciating such gifts in my church?
New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Priority of Love

1 Corinthians 12:31b-13:3

(see also: Ps. 19:7-8; Mt. 25:14-30; Mk. 10:17-31; Phil. 2:6-8; Jude 3; Rev. 22:18-19)

The one Scripture passage most often heard at weddings is:

a) Jn. 3:16

b) Psalm 23

c) 1 Cor. 13



I. The Vocabulary of This Chapter

Greek words for “love”:



phileo

eros

agape

The one used consistently throughout this chapter is

_________________.

The closest analogy in Scripture to this kind of love is

__________________.

II. The Requirement of Love

Vs. 1 –


Is there any other book of the Bible that speaks of Paul as a “tongue-talker”?

Does the Bible speak of an “angelic language”?

Vs. 2 –

Vs. 3 –


If the rich young man had done what Jesus asked, would he had been better off?

III. Love as More than a Priority

Love is really a ___________________.

The only way to receive this chapter is by ______________.

My 1st real priority is:


My 2nd real priority is:
May 3rd real priority is:
New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289

Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Character of Love

1 Corinthians 13:4-8a

(see also: Mt. 18:23-35; 1 Pet. 4:8)

When Paul speaks here of agape love

a) he confines it to the authority of God and his Moral law.

b) he just wants us all to get along and stop fighting.

c) he wants each of us to think about how we would define love

and what it means to each one of us.

What is this “more excellent way”?

a) It is just Paul’s attempt at warm and fuzzy poetry.

b) It is the way of love that reveals the character of God.

c) It is Paul’s trying to assert his own will on how he thinks

the church should be.



I. Love is _____________________ and ___________________.

That means that love is not envy, boast, arrogant, rude, does not insist on its own way, is not irritable or resentful because:

it does not rejoice in ________________________________

but rejoices in God’s ___________________.



II. Love is _________________________.

How would righteous anger apply here?

How would 1 Peter 4:8 apply here?

III. Love is _______________________.

Do I trust in the love of God? Do I act that out in my life?


New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Nature of Love

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 – Not Recorded

(see also: Mt. 22:37-40)

At the end of ch. 13, Paul turns his attention for the first time

a) to what he wants to eat for dinner.

b) not just to day-to-day affairs but to the glory to come.

c) to introducing yet more spiritual gifts to the church.



The Nature of Agape Love

I. Why is this so important a contrast for Paul here?

Love Prophecies, Tongues, Knowledge

What is it we must agree on here?

In order to do that, what must the church do?

II. What does it mean that prophecies, tongues & knowledge

will pass away?

Are we sure, yet, what these words really mean?


Are we sure when all three will terminate?
Our knowledge will pass away because what we have

now is:
Perfect knowledge means:


III. Abiding with the Partial.

Do I exercise my faith, hope and love in the church?

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289

Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

The Value of Prophecy

1 Corinthians 14:1-5

Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Signs of the Spirit

Acts. 2:1-4; 1 Corinthians 14

(see also: Gen. 1, 2; 1 Kg.s 19:9-13; Lk. 3:16f; Jn. 3:3, 5, 8; Heb. 12:29)

How are we to understand Pentecost?

I. The Experience: being “filled with the Holy Spirit”

Sign #1: “A _______________ like a mighty rushing wind”


Heb.: “ruach”
Gk.: “pneuma”
Sign #2: “And divided tongues ______ _______ fire”
Why were these signs so tangible and visible?
Was the Holy Spirit in the wind and fire?
Where should your attention be?
II. The Meaning: “being filled with the Holy Spirit”

1st Meaning:

1.
2.
3.
2nd Meaning:

(Choose one) Christ’s giving of the Holy Spirit to the entire

church was a unique/common event.

Should Christians today seek this kind of Pentecost experience

for themselves?

In what ways might I be denying the filling of the Holy Spirit in

my own life?

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians



God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

A Voice of Praise

Acts. 2:5-21

(see also: Gen. 11; Mt. 3:11; Acts 1:5; 1 Cor. 12:13)

Along with the outward signs of the Spirit at Pentecost of

the sound of the wind & tongues as of fire

was “other ______________________”.

I. But first: why were there any signs at all?

Is it normal for the indwelling of the HS to have such signs?


The major reason for it here must be:
which explains why it is referred to here as the

______________ of the Holy Spirit (1:5).

The only place an event is described in Scripture as the

“baptism with the Holy Spirit” is ____________________.

Is “baptism with the Holy Spirit” the same

as “filled” with the Holy Spirit?



II. The sign of Tongues

What are the “other tongues” Luke describes here in Acts 2?


The other tongues in Acts 2 did not result

in c_________________

but in c_________________________.

What purpose did the miracle of tongues serve the disciples at Pentecost?

In what language did Peter most likely preach his sermon?

III. What about tongues for today?

A. They represent the _____________ of God for the church.

B. But they are not the ___________ God provides for

the church.

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

What Are You Saying?

1 Corinthians 14:1-19

(see also: Gen. 11; Mt. 6:7-8; Acts 2; 1 Cor. 13:13)

The lessons from Acts 2 included:

a) the uniqueness, communication, attention, and temporary nature of the gift.

b) the commonality, confusion, distraction, and permanence of the gift.

c) the uniqueness, confusion, attention, and permanence of the gift.



I. Vs. 1-5: Pursue love and pursue prophecy.

What is most likely the meaning of desiring prophecy?


How does Paul describe the Corinthian version of tongues?

vs. 2 -


vs. 4 –

Should we just assume the Corinthian version is correct also?


II. Vs. 6-12: Paul’s Rhetorical Critique

As to Priority

vs. 6 -

vs. 7 -


vs. 8 -

vs. 9 –


vs.s 10-11 –

vs. 12 –


As to Form

vs. 13-15 –

vs. 16 –

III. Paul’s Surprising Admission

What kind of tongues is he talking about here?


What should matter more to me – experience or teaching?
New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Decently and in Order

1 Corinthians 14:20-40

(see also: Is. 28:11-12; Acts 2; 1 Cor. 11:2-16; 12-13)

The longest section of Paul’s corrective teaching in 1 Cor. is:

a) regarding immoral practices within the church.

b) the proper observance of the Lord’s Supper.

c) the controversy over the gifts of the Spirit.



I. The Proper Understanding of Tongues (vs. 20-25)
They are a sign for:
But conversion will come through:
II. The Proper Practices in Worship (26-33a)

The over-all goal is:


If a tongue is spoken

#1
#2


#3
III. The Gifts and a Woman’s Role in Worship

Is this a universal prohibition or a localized one?


What is the “shame” Paul speaks of here?
Is this an absolute prohibition or a specific one?
What can be learned from the historic Pentecostal experience in the United States?
What is my role before God?
Am I willing to do it “decently” and “in order”?
New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians

God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Appendix: Apostolic Signs & Wonders

Acts. 3:1-10; rf. 1 Cor. 12:7-11

(see also: Is. 35:6; Mt. 2:1-12; Jn. 9; Acts 2:43; 4:5; 2 Cor. 8:9)


What occurred (Acts 3-5) as the result of: “many wonders and signs were being done through the apostles” (Acts 2:43)?

I. Why is this act recorded here?

What day is this most likely to have been?

Other reasons:

II. What is this act?
III. What does this act mean to us?

A.


B.

C.

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians



God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

Mere Resurrection

1 Corinthians 15:1-11

(see also: Num. 32:23; Jn. 3; 1 Cor. 15:19; WSC #31, 32, 37)

The Bible is

a) a singularly composed effort at religious propaganda.

b) is a compilation of 66 books & letters written over 2500 years.

c) something I haven’t read in ages.

(True/False) 1st Corinthians was written within 20 years of the time of Christ.

“Gospel” can be translated to mean _________ _________.

The essence of the gospel for Paul is Christ __________________.

Paul’s List here includes:

1)
2)
3)
4)
Two basic principles about the good news:

1) (Choose one) The resurrection is historical/mythological.

How can we know (rf. Num. 32:23)?

It is unbelief that is not _______________ or ________________.


2) Unbelief is not only a ________________ of God,

it is _______________ against God

because it rejects the gift of ______________.

How is salvation more than just being convinced?

What list is better than Paul’s here in 1 Cor. 15?

New Covenant Presbyterian Church, PCA, Abingdon, MD (410) 569-0289Studies in the Book of 1st Corinthians



God’s Wisdom to a Dysfunctional Church

What Difference Does It Really Make?

1 Corinthians 15:12-19

(see also: Gen. 3:15; Ps. 23; Heb. 9:27; 10:31; Rev. 2:11; 20:6, 14; 21:8; WCF, ch. 32; WSC #37)

While God does not spare Christians from physical death

a) God promises it won’t hurt.

b) it won’t happen for a long, long time.

c) God gives to Christians a new meaning for it.


What difference does the gospel make as you face death?



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